Association of Former Intelligence Officers

Weekly Intelligence Notes

21 - 27 June 2023
(Issue 25)

is sponsored by

Readers who encounter problems with the email version of this newsletter can
view the latest web edition here.





  • Article: Former F.B.I. Analyst Goes to Prison for Taking Classified Documents - New York Times, 21 Jun 23
  • Article: German spy agency report says China and Russia are after its secrets - New York Times, 20 Jun 23
  • Article: AI Has Entered the Situation Room - Foreign Policy, 19 June 23
  • Article: Ukraine’s spymaster has got under the Kremlin’s skin - The Economist, 20 Jun 23
  • Book Review: ‘Spies’ Review: War in the Shadows - Wall Street Journal, 23 Jun 23
  • Article: U.S. spies learned in mid-June Prigozhin was planning armed action in Russia - Washington Post, 24 Jun 23
  • Article: From the sky to the mud: TENCAP and adapting national reconnaissance systems to tactical operations - The Space Review, 19 Jun 23
  • Article: Malware & Threats: China-Linked APT15 Targets Foreign Ministries With ‘Graphican’ Backdoor - Security Week, 22 Jun 23
  • Article: North Korean Hackers Caught Using Malware With Microphone Wiretapping Capabilities - Security Week, 22 Jun 23
  • Article: US Intelligence Suspected Prigozhin Was Preparing to Take Miliary Action Against Russia - New York Times, 24 Jun 23
  • Article: John Durham testimony underscores need for FBI overhaul, House intel leaders say - Washington Times, 20 Jun 23


Section V - Books, Research Requests, Academic Opportunities, Jobs, Obituaries

Books — Forthcoming, New Releases, Overlooked

Research Requests and Academic Opportunities

  • Survey for Members: Skill Sets Needed for Intelligence Analysis Degree Holders to See Success After Graduation
  • Call for Information: 430th CIC in Salzburg in 1946
  • Call For Sources: Intelligence activities in Grenada and the southern Caribbean between 1979, Operation Urgent Fury, Leonard Barrett
  • Call For Sources: Intelligence Officers Who Lived in Spain in the 1970s
  • Call For Papers: Energy Concerns in National Security and Business Intelligence: Identifying Threats and Developing Solutions - International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
  • Call For Papers: Intelligence and Post-War Reconstruction - International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
  • Call For Articles: AFIO Journal, The Intelligencer



Section VI - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, Others

  • 26 Jun 23, 0700 (ET) Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) - Maturing the Discipline – Johns Hopkins - Virtual
  • 27 Jun 23, 1400-1500 (ET) SPY with Me: Memory Loss Program – International Spy Museum - Virtual
  • 29 Jun 23, 1400-1500 (ET) SPY with Me: Memory Loss Program – International Spy Museum - Virtual
  • 29 Jun 23, 1830 (ET) Spy Museum Members Only Event: Virtual Tour of Secrets Revealed: Highlights from the Grant Verstandig Collection – International Spy Museum Member Program - Virtual
  • 29 Jun 23, 0900-0945 (ET) Coffee and Conversation with The Hon. Michael Vickers – INSA - Virtual
  • 13-14 Jul 23 2023 Intelligence and Security Summit – AFCEA/INSA - In Person - National Harbor, MD
  • 20-22 Jul 2023 NASIH Annual Conference 2023 – NASIH - In Person - University of Calgary, Canada
  • 03 Aug 23, 1730-2130 (ET) Leadership Dinner with DDNI Stacey Dixon – INSA - In Person - Tysons Corner, VA

See the AFIO Calendar of Events for scheduling further in the future.


The WIN editors thank the following contributors of content for this issue:


Readers are encouraged to suggest material for any section of the WIN to:


Our editors include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Intelligence Notes to inform and educate our readers. The views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors and do not reflect support or endorsement from AFIO. WIN notices about non-AFIO events do not constitute endorsement or recommendation by AFIO.
AFIO does not vet or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. We publish reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings as a service to our members. We encourage readers to exercise caution and good judgment when responding and to independently verify the source before supplying resumes, career data, or personal information.


Readers who encounter problems with links or viewing this newsletter as an email can access
the latest web edition here.


Roy Berkeley's "A Spy's London" - Original U.S. Edition - A Few Unsold Copies Available

In 'this remarkable book' (as intelligence historian and AFIO member Nigel West describes in his Foreword), the reader will be struck by the vibrancy of history made real. Author/AFIO member Roy Berkeley goes behind the facades of ordinary buildings, in the city that West calls 'the espionage capital of the World,' to remind us that the history of intelligence has often been made in such mundane places. With his evocative photographs and compelling observations, The 136 sites are organized into 21 manageable walks. But also a joy to armchair travelers. Among the sites: the modest hotel suite where an eager Red Army colonel poured out his secrets to a team of British and American intelligence officers; the royal residence where one of the most slippery Soviet moles was at home for years; the London home where an MP plotting to appease Hitler was arrested on his front steps in 1940.

A few copies are available at only $20 a copy (postage to a U.S.-based address included). Telephone the office at 703-790-0320 or email to obtain one of these last copies.

Clearance Sale on Long-Sleeved Polo Shirts with AFIO Logo
Superior quality and shrink resistant; features a detailed embroidered AFIO seal. The shirt color is royal blue.
The sale price is $25 and includes shipping.
Available in men's sizes only:  small, medium, large, extra-large, XXL, and XXXL.
Due to limited quantities, please contact the AFIO National Office for availability of size and to provide payment information.
You may telephone the office at 703-790-0320 or email




On 4 July, the WIN will be on break.
Enjoy your Independence Day!
The next issue will be released on 11 July.


Released exclusively to members today, 27 June 2023...

The Fifty-Year Pursuit of Atomic Bomb Builders and Mischief Makers

Recorded 1 June 2023

Richard Phillip Lawless
former CIA Operations Officer, discussing "Hunting Nukes: A Fifty-Year Pursuit of Atomic Bomb Builders and Mischief Makers."

Interview of Thursday, 1 June 2023 of Richard Phillip Lawless, former CIA Operations Officer, discussing "Hunting Nukes: A Fifty-Year Pursuit of Atomic Bomb Builders and Mischief Makers." Host and Interviewer: James Hughes, AFIO President, a former Senior CIA Operations Officer.

TOPIC: Richard Lawless and Jim Hughes discuss "Hunting Nukes" which chronicles Lawless's half-century quest to seek out and expose undeclared nuclear weapons activities by countries of the highest concern to the US government. In particular. Lawless reveals the successful takedown of the South Korean strategic weapons program in the mid-1970s. He describes in detail the CIA's operation that detected, penetrated, defined, and eventually blocked that country's covert effort. Lawless also recounts his duties during the 2002-2000 talks with the rogue North Korean regime—the so-called "Six Party Talks." In those cases and others, Lawless details his role in the political and bureaucratic struggles necessary to keep the world's most terrifying weapons out of the hands of the world's least responsible and most dangerous regimes.
The interview runs 30 minutes and includes several Q&As.
Purchase a copy of Hunting Nukes here.

Access the Lawless interview here or click above image

This, and upcoming AFIO Now videos in 2023, are sponsored by Northwest Financial Advisors.


AFIO is seeking a Director of Outreach. (This is an In-Office Position)

A few of the responsibilities include: • Serve as focal point for a major AFIO project, to include maintaining project database and supporting a large annual formal dinner • Provide back-up support to AFIO Directors of Membership and Operations • Support AFIO's existing partners and stakeholders ... Robust Microsoft Office Skills (Excel, Outlook, Word) required.
Full job description here.

AFIO National's Fall Luncheon
featuring Avril Haines, Director of National Intelligence,
and Jennifer K. Ewbank, the Deputy Director of CIA for Digital Innovation

Friday, 13 October 2023, 10:30am - 2pm - In-Person Tysons VA

Check-in and badge pickup for Registered Attendees begins at 10:30 a.m.
NO registrations or walk-ins at hotel. No payment accepted for this event by mail or at the venue.

Presentation by Avril Haines, Director of National Intelligence, begins at 11:00 a.m.

Lunch served noon to 1:00 p.m.

Jennifer Ewbank, Deputy Director of CIA for Digital Innovation
speaks at 1:00 p.m.

Q&A follows each presentation. Event ends at 2:00 p.m.

Luncheon prices are $60 for Members; $75 for nonmember guests and all Subscribers. Payment by credit card required at time of registration. No mailed checks or at the door or at venue payments accepted or permitted.

Registration opens here on 4 September, and closes 5 pm Monday 9 October.

Though we do not provide special overnight room rates, if you wish to make room reservations at the hotel, do so here.

Cancellation Schedule: AFIO must commit to the hotel facilities and regrets it must charge a cancellation fee. 100% refund until close of registration. No refunds or cancellations thereafter. You will receive a donation receipt for fees forfeited. A donor statement will be sent showing that you made a "gift to AFIO" in such instances. Gifts to AFIO are tax-deductible.

All attendees must be members of AFIO or accompanied by a current member. 

Learn more about becoming a member at  Questions regarding membership? Contact office at 703-790-0320 or email

Questions regarding this event to

"AFIO Now" Video Interviews and Podcasts in 2023 are sponsored by
Northwest Financial Advisors

Click here to watch interviews in the AFIO Now series released in 2023.
View interviews from 2020 to 2022 here.
Watch public-release interviews on our YouTube channel or listen to them in podcast form at the links below.

Log into the member-only area for member-only features.

"AFIO Now" Podcasts

The Real Life Impacts of Russian Oligarchs Being Welcomed into London and Then Becoming Problems as Putin Struck Out at Perceived Betrayers

Latest podcast episode: Alma Katsu, former NSA and CIA Officer, discussing her latest novel, "Red London"
Video and Podcast released to public 11 June 2023.
Alma Katsu and Jim Hughes discuss why she chose to write novels, the steps leading to Katsu's second novel in her semi-fiction series - Red London - which followed her highly-praised first in the series: Red Widow. The real life impacts of Russian Oligarchs being welcomed into London and then becoming problems as Putin struck out at perceived betrayers (his poisoning of defector Alexander Litvinenko and others with fatal doses of polonium-210). And then Putin's invasion of Ukraine. Also discussed is the demands upon authors as their books are prepared for films, television series, podcasts, and other formats. Katsu also describes her career experiences at NSA and CIA, and gives pointers to women considering careers in the Intelligence Community.
The interview runs 24 minutes and includes several Q&As.

Are you too busy to watch an entire AFIO Now episode on YouTube? Would you rather listen in your car or while accomplishing other tasks? You can download or stream episodes on any of the 8 podcasting platforms that host AFIO Now. Search for 'AFIO Podcast' for a selection of the interviews above (public released ones) on:

Podbean; iTunes; Google; Spotify; Amazon Music; Amazon TuneIn + Alexa; iHeartRadio; Pandora

10-12 November 2023 - Sante Fe, NM - Spies, Lies & Nukes Conference

Spies, Lies & Nukes - Third Conference - Santa Fe, NM
Plan Your Fall Attendance NOW to capture the lower rates

Special Rate Available for AFIO Members Here

This third, enhanced running of Spies, Lies & Nukes. Join Valerie Plame and some of her legendary, highly decorated, and experienced CIA colleagues as they pull back the curtain on the real life "wilderness of mirrors" that is international espionage.
Hear from and engage with the best of CIA's spies to better understand today's world: from emergent threats, to never-before-told spy operations, black market nuclear scams, how to recruit a spy, the growth of domestic terrorism, how social media is used in espionage, and keeping your employees and your company safe from foreign spies.

Topics: "Soul Catcher: The Metaphysics of Recruiting a Spy" with Jim Lawler, Former Senior CIA Ops Officer
"Delusion and Illusion in Moscow" with Jonna Mendez in conversation with Valerie Plame, Former Covert CIA Ops Officer
"CIA in the Movies" - Panel;
"China: An Emerging Threat" with Mary Beth Long, Former Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
"Inside Putin's Head" with Rolf Mowatt-Larssen, Former Senior CIA Intelligence Officer
"Clarity in Crisis: Leadership Lessons from the CIA" with Marc Polymeropoulos, Former Senior CIA Ops Officer
"Disinformation Distortions: AI, Deep Fakes, and Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Social Media and Espionage" with Alma Katsu, Former Senior CIA and NSA Analyst
"Morality and Ethics in the CIA" with Doug London, Former Senior Officer in the CIA's Clandestine Service
Michael Morrell in conversation with Valerie Plame, Former Covert CIA Ops Officer
"Eliminating Players on the Intelligence Battlefield: Havana Syndrome" with Marc Polymeropoulos, Former Senior CIA Ops Officer
"The End of the Global Nuclear Order" with Valerie Plame, Former Covert CIA Ops Officer
Program also includes: Former Senior CIA Intelligence Officer; Michael J. Morell, Former CIA Deputy Director

FEE: Regular Sale purchase window: Jun 16 - Nov 2, $1300; Late Sale purchase window: Nov 3 - Nov 10, $1450. Special AFIO rate here.
Ticket price does not include accommodations. More about accommodations here

Tickets include breakfasts, lunches, VIP reception and all speaker presentations and activities.

Conference location: Conference Location: La Fonda On the Plaza, 100 E. San Francisco Street, Santa Fe, NM 87501
More information or to register here

Access CIA's Inhouse Gift Shop

One special benefit of AFIO membership is access to CIA's EAA Store.

After completing the required, quick pre-approval process for all AFIO members, described here, you can purchase directly from the EAA online store their unusual logo'd gift items for self or colleagues. EAA on 12 May 2023 released the photo above, which features some of their newest CIA items and other gift suggestions.


Russian security services threatened the families of Wagner forces to get them to back down, report says - Yahoo News, 26 Jun 23

Russian security services threatened the families of the leaders of those leading the Wagner group's mutiny against the Russian government, UK intelligence sources told The Telegraph. The report offers a reason Wagner leader Yevgeny Prigozhin may have called off the rebellion when his forces were bearing down on Moscow Saturday, having seized control of the city of Rostov-on-Don and other parts of southern Russia. The report said that UK intelligence believes that Prigozhin had around 8,000 fighters under his command, a significantly lower number than the 25,000 he claimed to have. (View report here.)

Trojan Horse Smartwatches Target Military Personnel - Clearance Jobs, 26 Jun 23

Using a ploy as old at the days of Troy, when the Greeks gifted the people of Troy with a magnificent hollow wooden horse in which Greek soldiers were hidden, an adversary of the U.S. is employing a modern-day slant to the infamous “Trojan Horse”. Both the United States Army and Navy are advising all U.S. military personnel that unsolicited smartwatches are being sent to personnel and that these devices contain malware targeting the information on servicemember’s devices. (View report here.)

ODNI Report on Potential Links Between the Wuhan Institute of Virology and the Origin of COVID-19 - ODNI, 23 Jun 23

The Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) today released “The Potential Links Between the Wuhan Institute of Virology and the Origin of the COVID-19 Pandemic” report. The COVID-19 Origin Act of 2023 required the Intelligence Community to declassify information relating to potential links between the Wuhan Institute of Virology and the origin of the COVID-19 pandemic. ODNI submitted the report to Congress, and it can be viewed in full. (View report here.)

DIA dedicates museum in moving tribute to former DIA Director Lt. Gen. Vincent Stewart - DIA, 23 Jun 23

Today, DIA Director Lt. Gen. Scott Berrier and Phyllis Stewart unveiled the Lieutenant General Vincent R. Stewart DIA Museum at the conclusion of a moving remembrance ceremony honoring Lt. Gen. Vincent Stewart, who served as DIA’s 20th director from January 2015 to October 2017. “Vince fought for this museum and what it represents,” said Berrier. “Today, we honor Vince’s commitment to telling DIA’s story by renaming the museum to the Lieutenant General Vincent R. Stewart Museum.” Exceeding 10,000 square feet, the Lieutenant General Vincent R. Stewart DIA Museum includes 44 exhibits, dozens of artifacts, eight interactive displays, six missiles, mannequins, and many videos to convey six decades of DIA history and honor the DIA workforce. The museum is closed to the general public, but open to the DIA workforce and cleared visitors. (Full article here.)

Delta 4-Heavy rocket lifts off with NRO spy satellite - Space Flight Now, 22 Jun 23

The second-to-last flight of United Launch Alliance’s Delta rocket lifted off from Cape Canaveral early Thursday and delivered a top secret spy satellite into orbit for the U.S. government, snapping the longest lull in launches in ULA’s history. Liftoff of ULA’s 15th Delta 4-Heavy rocket, and 44th Delta 4 rocket overall, occurred at 5:18 a.m. EDT (0918 UTC) Thursday from Pad 37B at Cape Canaveral Space Force Station. ULA’s launch team pushed back the launch time by more than 90 minutes Thursday after preparations fell behind schedule due to stormy weather. The mission’s first launch attempt Wednesday morning was scrubbed due to an issue with a valve in a ground pneumatics system. The 235-foot-tall (71.6-meter) Delta 4-Heavy rocket hauled into orbit a classified payload for the National Reconnaissance Office, the U.S. government’s spy satellite agency. The NRO does not officially disclose details about its satellites, but expert observers of military space missions believe the Delta 4 rocket sent a large spacecraft into orbit designed to intercept telephone calls, data transmissions, and other types of communication by U.S. adversaries. (Full article here.)

GCHQ’s top hacker quits to join NCA in blow to UK cyber force - Telegraph, 19 Jun 23

One of Britain’s most senior hackers has left spy agency GCHQ to join the National Crime Agency (NCA) in a blow to Britain’s international cyber capabilities. James Babbage, commander of the National Cyber Force (NCF), is joining the NCA as head of its intelligence arm. The surprise departure of the 30-year GCHQ veteran, barely two months after he was publicly acknowledged as chief of the secretive hacking unit, will be seen as a blow. The NCF carries out critical live missions alongside the military, offering cyber offensive capabilities. Its existence was first confirmed by then-prime minister Boris Johnson in 2020, who described the unit in a Parliamentary speech as combining “our intelligence agencies and service personnel”. The hacker unit is aiming to recruit 3,000 personnel by 2030. (Full article here.)

The Council of Europe parliamentary assembly put a spotlight on abduction of critics by Turkish intelligence agency - Nordic Monitor, 23 Jun 23

Europe’s leading intergovernmental body, which advocates the rule of law, fundamental rights and democracy, slammed Turkey’s notorious intelligence agency MIT for its clandestine operations abroad to intimidate critics, opponents and dissidents. The report, drafted by British lawmaker Christopher Chope for the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), highlighted the role of MIT in abducting critics from other countries in a clear violation of international and national laws. “In September 2022, a businessman named Ugur Demirok was reported to have been abducted in Baku by the Turkish intelligence agency (MIT) and rendered to Türkiye,” the report said, adding that Turkish officials openly claimed credit for such operations on foreign soil and praised the role of MIT. (Full article here.)

Federal Court ruling allows CSIS to deploy surveillance technology without warrant - Business Intelligence for British Columbia, 21 Jun 23

Canada’s spy agency issued an extraordinary warning Tuesday that the Chinese government is targeting Canadians, on the same day that the Federal Court published a previously secret ruling that allows deployment of a surveillance technology without warrant. But the Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) said the two are unrelated. In a series of tweets, CSIS explained how China’s intelligence services are targeting Canadians inside and outside China. “Be careful who you connect with on LinkedIn, and all other online platforms,” said one of the tweets. (Full article here.)

Chinese investment in U.S. startups under scrutiny for espionage - Market Place, 21 Jun 23

When he was an undergrad at UC Santa Barbara, Alon Raphael cofounded a startup called Femtometrix. It sells technology to computer chip makers that detects mind bogglingly tiny defects buried within chips. “It’s the bleeding edge of the most advanced chips that are coming out that we are applicable to,” he said. Raphael eventually hired engineers, including three who were Chinese nationals whose work visas he sponsored. Two came on board in 2018, the third in 2020. Over time they grew close, he said. After a little while, one of them said he wanted to invest in the company. “One of the requests for the investment was to know the details of the patent portfolio,” Raphael explained. When investors and startups connect, investors can get significant access to a company’s information. Startups set up what are called “data rooms,” where prospective investors can view proprietary data and plans. Once they consummate their investment, they can obtain more information. (Full article here.)

Treasury sanctions two Russian intelligence officers for election influence operations - Cyberscoop, 23 Jun 23

The Treasury Department issued sanctions on Friday against two Russian intelligence officers for their alleged role in global election influence operations that included recruiting political groups within the U.S. to distribute pro-Moscow propaganda. “The Kremlin continues to target a key pillar of democracy around the world — free and fair elections,” Brian Nelson, under secretary at the Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence at the Treasury Department, said in a statement. “The United States will not tolerate threats to our democracy, and today’s action builds on the whole of government approach to protect our system of representative government, including our democratic institutions and elections processes.” Aleksey Borisovich Sukhodolov and Yegor Sergeyevich Popov, both Moscow-based officers of Russian Federal Security Service, or FSB, were directly engaged in a years-long effort to recruit local “co-optees” to influence elections that benefit the Kremlin, the Treasury said. “In support of its influence operations, Russia has recruited and forged ties with people and groups around the world who are positioned to amplify and reinforce Russia’s disinformation efforts to further its goals of destabilizing democratic societies.” (Full article here.)

Who Is IPS Officer Ravi Sinha, The New Research And Analysis Wing Chief? - Zee News, 19 Jun 23

Ravi Sinha, an Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of the Chhattisgarh cadre, has been appointed new Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) chief - India's external intelligence agency for the next two years. A statement issued by the Personnel Ministry said, "Senior IPS officer Ravi Sinha was on Monday appointed as the new chief of India's external intelligence agency RAW. Ravi Sinha is a 1988 batch Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of the Chhattisgarh cadre. Sinha is currently serving as Special Secretary, Cabinet Secretariat. IPS Ravi Sinha is well-known for his operational and spy skills. The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet has approved Sinha's appointment as Secretary, Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) for a tenure of two years, the order said. “The Appointments Committee of Cabinet (ACC) has approved the appointment of Rajiv Sinha, IPS, special secretary, Cabinet Secretariat, as Secretary, Research and Analysis Wing vice Samant Goel on completion of his tenure on June 30, 2023, for a tenure of two years from the date of assumption of the charge of the post, or until further orders, whichever is earlier,” the order stated. (Full article here.)

These secret US Navy underwater microphones built to detect Soviet submarines may be what caught the sounds of the Titan submersible imploding - Business Insider, 23 Jun 23

A somewhat secret US Navy system built to detect enemy submarine activity picked up sounds suspected to have been the catastrophic end of the Titan submersible lost touring the Titanic days before the search ended. That system, a submarine warfare expert said, is likely the Integrated Undersea Surveillance System (IUSS), a component of which has been listening to undersea activity for decades. After days of search-and-rescue efforts, the US Coast Guard revealed Thursday that debris had been discovered in the area where the OceanGate Expeditions' Titan submersible went missing and was "consistent with a catastrophic implosion of the vessel." All five crew members are presumed dead. In the wake of these tragic revelations, The Wall Street Journal, citing officials involved in the search efforts, reported that sounds of what might have been the implosion were detected on Sunday by a secret Navy sensor system. (Full article here.)

Counterespionage Corner - Recent Arrests, Convictions, Expulsions, and more...

Cyberespionage Collection - Newly Identified Actors and Operations, Countermeasures, Policy, other...


The Latest from International Spy Museum Historian Andrew Hammond, PhD.

Spycast is the official podcast of the International Spy Museum and hosts interviews with intelligence experts on matters of HUMINT, SIGINT, IMINT, OSINT, and GEOINT. Spycast is hosted by historian Andrew Hammond, PhD.

20 Jun | “The North Korean Defector” – with former DPRK Agent Kim Hyn Woo This week on SpyCast, Andrew is joined by former DPRK Agent Kim Hyun Woo. This is the first time Dr. Kim has stepped out from the shadows to speak.  

Past episodes:
13 Jun | “Spies: The Epic Intelligence War Between East vs. West” – with Calder Walton
06 Jun | "Anniversary Special: "The D-Day Deception" with National WWII Museum Corey Graff
30 May | From the Vault: "El Chapo, The War on Drugs, and Intelligence" with Noah Hurowitz

The Latest Insights from Former CIA Acting Deputy Director for Operations Jack Devine.

In Other News The proprietary analytic newsletter crafted for The Arkin Group's private clients by former CIA Acting Deputy Director for Operations Jack Devine.

23 Jun | This week’s events offer an important distillation of the geopolitical complexities that Washington is trying to navigate in an increasingly multipolar world. U.S. Secretary of State Blinken was in China and managed to secure a last-minute meeting with President Xi Jinping. This was seemingly a meaningful demonstration from Beijing that they want to stabilize a relationship that has incurred significant self-inflicted degradation over the past several years. (Full version available to AFIO members in the coming days here.)

16 Jun | Putin is prioritizing control over efficiency, and it’s not going to serve him well in the long run.

08 Jun | As Ukraine begins its counteroffensive, Russia faces mounting pressure on multiple fronts.

02 Jun | Putin is downplaying recent attacks on Russia, but if these attacks continue, they could alter the nature of the conflict.

Daily Analysis of Security Issues and Geopolitical Trends

Intel Brief The Soufan Center's flagship, daily analytical product focused on complex security issues and geopolitical trends that may shape regional or international affairs. The Soufan Center was founded by former FBI Special Agent and Soufan Group CEO Ali Soufan.

27 Jun | Pakistan’s Deepening Political Crisis Poses Threats to Press Freedom and Political Stability

The arrest of Pakistan's former prime minister, Imran Khan, on May 9th has not only deepened the country's political crisis, endangering his political future but also exposed the lack of safety surrounding journalistic institutions and political processes in Pakistan. The former cricket star, philanthropist, and populist politician was initially ousted from power in 2022 after a parliamentary vote of no confidence. Khan, who had initially benefited from the support of Pakistan’s powerful military establishment to help him gain power in 2018, lost its favor after poor economic performance and his over-involvement in the appointment of the chief of the Inter-Services Intelligence agency. These events set the stage for the 2022 no confidence vote, which is widely believed to have been supported by the military. Despite facing a setback, Khan and his political party, Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI), remained resilient and openly critical of the military in the lead-up to the November 2023 elections—until his arrest, which triggered widespread protests and civil unrest across the nation. Soon thereafter, the Pakistani Supreme Court declared the arrest improper, leading to Khan's prompt release from custody. (Full brief here.)

26 Jun | Chaos in Russia After Wagner Group Mutinies Then Calls Off March to Moscow

23 Jun | Uganda School Attack Shows Jihadists’ Continued Reach

22 Jun | Violent Protests Erupt in Senegal, a Once Peaceful Outlier in the Sahel

21 Jun | Malian Junta Seeks to Eject UN Peacekeeping Force

Analysis of Global Security Events with WTOP National Security Correspondent JJ Green

Inside the SCIF - 22 June - Titan Submersible, Russian Assassination Attempt in U.S., Whelan, and more...

Target USA Podcast - 21 Jun - Ukraine: Nova Kakhovka Dam Investigation and Nuclear Weapons

The Hunt Broadcast - 14 Jun - 4 children were stabbed in France. Was it terrorism?

The Latest Insights from Jeff Stein and Colleagues in SpyTalk (Substack)

25 Jun | A Spy Windfall Looms from Russian Chaos - Jeff Stein
On April 1, 1953, a U.S Naval attaché in Helsinki picked up a scrap of intelligence: A Finnish border guard had “attempted to offer condolences on Stalin’s death to [his Soviet] counterpart,” but “the latter broke into tears, and said they were all worried about their future, and feared military purges in a struggle for power.” A scrap, as I said. But often such bits, put together with scores of others, tell a larger story. The disconsolate Soviet border guard, reported in a Top Secret CIA assessment on the death of Stalin, turned out to be prescient: A lethal jockeying for power among the aging Bolsheviks was on. People had to choose sides. When it comes to Moscow, some things never change. (Full article here.)

24 Jun | Russia Coup: Pop Goes the Weasel - Jeff Stein
What links the CIA and pizzas? A big time foreign crisis, former senior CIA officer Marc Polymeropoulos notes, when the lights stay on late on several floors, when spy agency officials and worker bees start calling family and friends to cancel parties, golf dates, travel plans. And order pizzas by the van-load. That’s what’s happened on the occasion of other momentous events, from the discovery of Soviet missiles in Cuba in 1962 to Russian troops and tanks marshaling in January 2022 to invade Ukraine. Word soon leaked that something big was going down. During a crisis in 1983, when the Kremlin freaked out over a huge NATO military exercise in West Germany, the KGB ordered its U.S. agents to look for late lights and pizza deliveries around Washington, among other signs of heightened strike preparations. Moscow Center was perplexed when its spies detected nothing out of the ordinary. (Full article here.)

To support SpyTalk, subscribe here.


Article: Former F.B.I. Analyst Goes to Prison for Taking Classified Documents - New York Times, 21 Jun 23

A former F.B.I. intelligence analyst from Kansas received nearly four years in prison on Wednesday in a case that bears parallels to that of former President Donald J. Trump, including the same charge of willful retention of national security secrets. The analyst, Kendra Kingsbury, 50, was accused of improperly removing and unlawfully taking home about 386 classified documents to her personal residence in Dodge City, Kan. She pleaded guilty to two counts of violating the Espionage Act. During her sentencing hearing in Federal District Court in Kansas City, Mo., Ms. Kingsbury said she was loyal and did not apologize for taking the records. She was “guilty of being too honest,” Ms. Kingsbury said, because she had told the F.B.I. in late 2017 she had the documents. She criticized investigators, accusing them of vilifying her character. (Read full report here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Article: German spy agency report says China and Russia are after its secrets - New York Times, 20 Jun 23

Foreign intelligence services are increasingly targeting Germany, its domestic intelligence agency said on Tuesday, warning that espionage, cyberattacks and disinformation campaigns, particularly from China and Russia, “pose a serious threat” to the country. Though such assessments are issued annually, this year’s report was exceptional both for the strength of the warnings and as a measure of just how much Germany’s security environment had changed in a year. Earlier this month, the government issued a comprehensive national security strategy for the first time, part of an expanding effort to confront Germany’s vulnerability to new military, economic and geopolitical threats. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and rising global tensions with China served as a backdrop to the country’s increased exposure to foreign interference, given its position both in NATO and as one of the most powerful countries in the European Union, the agency said. (Read full report here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Article: AI Has Entered the Situation Room - Foreign Policy, 19 June 23

At the start of 2022, seasoned Russia experts and national security hands in Washington watched in disbelief as Russian President Vladimir Putin massed his armies on the borders of Ukraine. Was it all a bluff to extract more concessions from Kyiv and the West, or was he about to unleash a full-scale land war to redraw Europe’s borders for the first time since World War II? The experts shook the snow globe of their vast professional expertise, yet the debate over Putin’s intentions never settled on a conclusion. But in Silicon Valley, we had already concluded that Putin would invade—four months before the Russian attack. By the end of January, we had predicted the start of the war almost to the day. How? Our team at Rhombus Power, made up largely of scientists, engineers, national security experts, and former national security practitioners, was looking at a completely different picture than the traditional foreign-policy community. Relying on artificial intelligence to sift through almost inconceivable amounts of online and satellite data, our machines were aggregating actions on the ground, counting inputs that included movements at missile sites and local business transactions, and building heat maps of Russian activity virtually in real time. (Watch here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Article: Ukraine’s spymaster has got under the Kremlin’s skin - The Economist, 20 Jun 23

It takes a certain amount of fear to paralyse seasoned military-intelligence officers. But a Russian attack on the officers’ Rybalsky island headquarters in Kyiv in March 2022 crossed that threshold. The officers recall “terror” as missiles landed, windows popped and ramshackle buildings crumbled at the edges. The men, waiting in a reception area for a meeting with their boss, fell to the floor. Moments later a door beside them opened, and Major-General Kyrylo Budanov stepped out. “Everything is fine,” one recalls him grunting, before he ordered them to get back to work. “He dusted himself off, put his cap on and went outside to inspect the damage.” (Read full report here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Book Review: ‘Spies’ Review: War in the Shadows - Wall Street Journal, 23 Jun 23

Espionage, subversion, Russians, Britons, Ukrainians. Who is the betrayer? Who the betrayed? Calder Walton’s “Spies” begins with a Ukrainian agent’s report to British intelligence. “The Russians admitted,” Mr. Walton writes, that “they could only hold on to Ukraine by force and that Ukrainians were ‘generally hostile to them and their ideas.’ ” We are in 1922, rather than 2022, but continuity across the past is a major theme of Mr. Walton’s ably constructed, well-written and widely grounded study of the past century of East-West intelligence conflict. The author, a scholar at the Harvard Kennedy School, traces the beginning of the Cold War (correctly) not to 1945 and the end of World War II, but to 1917 and Russia’s Communist Revolution. Likewise, far from ending with the fall of the Soviet Union, Mr. Walton’s book takes the story up to the present. “Although Russia professes to be a ‘great power,’ ” he writes, “its leaders have always been keenly aware of its shortcomings compared to its Western rivals.” (Read full report here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Article: U.S. spies learned in mid-June Prigozhin was planning armed action in Russia - Washington Post, 24 Jun 23

U.S. spy agencies picked up intelligence in mid-June indicating Wagner mercenary chief Yevgeniy Prigozhin was planning armed action against the Russian defense establishment — which he has long accused of bungling the war in Ukraine — and urgently informed the White House and other government agencies so they were not caught off guard, several U.S. officials said Saturday. The exact nature and timing of Prigozhin’s plans were not clear until shortly before his stunning takeover of a military command and tank run toward Moscow on Friday and Saturday, officials said. But “there were enough signals to be able to tell the leadership … that something was up,” said one U.S. official, who like others spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the matter’s sensitivity. “So I think they were ready for it.” (Read full report here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Article: From the sky to the mud: TENCAP and adapting national reconnaissance systems to tactical operations - The Space Review, 19 Jun 23

Throughout the 1960s, the United States invested billions of dollars in developing various intelligence satellites to collect imagery and signals data on the Soviet Union and its allies. From the start, this data was intended to serve “national” level leaders, starting with the president, his senior advisors, the Central Intelligence Agency, and other parts of the intelligence community. It was also intended for the National Command Authority and strategic forces by providing images, maps, and electronic data for bomber and submarine crews to increase their ability to perform their missions. The US Air Force’s Strategic Air Command was a major customer for the signals intelligence as well as imagery produced by these national-level systems. (Read full report here.)

Article: Malware & Threats: China-Linked APT15 Targets Foreign Ministries With ‘Graphican’ Backdoor - Security Week, 22 Jun 23

Anti-malware vendor Symantec is warning that a China-linked hacking group flagged as APT15 is targeting foreign affairs ministries in the Americas with a new backdoor named Graphican. As part of an attack campaign running from late 2022 to early 2023, the threat actor used the new Graphican backdoor alongside multiple living-off-the-land tools. Symantec noted that Graphican has the same functionality as Ketrican, a backdoor that APT15 used in previous attacks, but uses Microsoft Graph API to connect to OneDrive and retrieve command-and-control (C&C) information. Based on commands received from the C&C server, Graphican can create an interactive command line, create files, download files, and can create processes with hidden windows. (Read full report here.)

Article: North Korean Hackers Caught Using Malware With Microphone Wiretapping Capabilities - Security Week, 22 Jun 23

A hacking group linked to the North Korean government has been caught using new wiretapping malware in recent surveillance attacks, according to an advisory from cybersecurity firm AhnLab. The APT, flagged as APT37, was seen using a Go-based backdoor that exploits the real-time data transfer and messaging platform Ably, and a previously unknown information stealer that has microphone wiretapping capabilities. AhnLab, based in South Korea, said it discovered the latest attacks in May 2023 and warned that the hackers are using a CHM (Compiled HTML Help File) payload disguised as a password, delivered via spear phishing emails that also carried a password-protected document, luring intended victims into executing the CHM file to view the document. (Read full report here.)

Article: US Intelligence Suspected Prigozhin Was Preparing to Take Miliary Action Against Russia - New York Times, 24 Jun 23

American intelligence officials briefed senior military and administration officials on Wednesday that Yevgeny Prigozhin, the leader of the mercenary Wagner Group, was preparing to take military action against senior Russian defense officials, according to officials familiar with the matter. U.S. spy agencies had indications days earlier that Mr. Prigozhin was planning something and worked to refine that material into a finished assessment, officials said. The information shows that the United States was aware of impending events in Russia, similar to how intelligence agencies had warned in late 2021 that Vladimir V. Putin was planning to invade Ukraine. But unlike with the initial invasion, when U.S. officials declassified the intelligence and then released it to try to deter Mr. Putin from invading, intelligence agencies kept silent about Mr. Prigozhin’s plans. U.S. officials felt that if they said anything, Mr. Putin could accuse them of orchestrating a coup. And they clearly had little interest in helping Mr. Putin avoid a major, embarrassing fracturing of his support. (Read full report here.) (NOTE: This material may require a one time free subscription or sit behind a paywall.)

Article: John Durham testimony underscores need for FBI overhaul, House intel leaders say - Washington Times, 20 Jun 23

The top Republican and Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee said the FBI needs an overhaul, after hearing testimony Tuesday from former special counsel John Durham. House Intelligence Committee Chair Mike Turner said that Mr. Durham’s closed-door testimony before the panel had both Republicans and Democrats concerned about the state of the nation’s premier domestic law enforcement agency. “He gave us the impression that some of the misconduct is individualized — there were bad people doing bad things. But then some of it is systemic,” Mr. Turner, Ohio Republican, said. “Some of it is where we need changes so that there’s higher reviews, higher requirements for this to ever happen again.” (Read full report here.)


The perils of presidential openness: strikes, secrecy and performative opacity - Journal of Intelligence and National Security, 22 Jun 23

In a world of increasing openness, secrecy retains its value. Covert operations, including strikes against individuals, can provide intelligence agencies with the ability to operate strategically, while limiting domestic entanglements and international provocation. But presidents increasingly push the boundaries, retrospectively using their decisions performatively for political advantage. This can confront agencies with a dilemma wherein they are pressed to demonstrate the rationale for a covert mission in ways that undermine future operational security. Evidence from the strikes on Osama bin Laden and Iran’s General Soleimani will be used to argue that retrospective briefs designed to enhance legitimacy or prestige are problematic. Instead, these active disclosures, sometimes by senior figures, can lead to a general unravelling of secrecy which has the potential to threaten future operational credibility and effectiveness. (Full report here.)

Sudan - a case study in OSINT for crisis support - Janes' The World of Intelligence Podcast, 21 Jun 23

Janes expert analysts Maria Lampodi and Heather Nicell join Harry Kemsley and Sean Corbet to discuss how open source intelligence has helped us to understand the situation in the Sudan before it started, what is happening now and the impact on the country in the future. (47 minutes) (Listen here.)

High Cost of Keeping Secrets: Intelligence Leaks - Grey Dynamics, 22 Jun 23

This year, news about a young US national guardsman made headlines for revealing top-secret documents with information on the War in Ukraine and U.S. espionage tactics (source). Intelligence leaks are almost always a scandal and leave policymakers scrambling to clear up the mess in the aftermath. The motivations and methods behind the most famous intelligence leaks of the past 50 years vary. The recent case of Jack Teixeira, however, is quite unique as his drive was ego and not necessarily political motivations. (Full report here.)

The Constant Fight: Intelligence Activities, Irregular Warfare, and Political Warfare - Foreign Policy Research Institute, 20 Jun 23

With the war in Ukraine and fears of war over Taiwan, America’s national security focus has turned from the threat of terrorism to the more traditional threats of inter-state competition and conventional or even nuclear war. The concern about threats posed by major state competitors, particularly Russia and China, is understandable. Both are nuclear-armed revisionist powers. Russia’s war in Ukraine aims to overturn the rules-based order in Europe and establish regional hegemony over its former Soviet empire; China’s growing capability to seize Taiwan possibly presages a similar effort in East Asia. Hence, efforts to revive and strengthen America’s strategic and conventional warfighting capabilities and industrial base are wise and overdue. (Full report here.)

Chinese Next-Generation Psychological Warfare - RAND, 20 Jun 23

China views psychological warfare, centered on the manipulation of information to influence adversary decisionmaking and behavior, as one of several key components of modern warfare. The U.S. military's increased focus on China and preparations for a potential U.S.-China conflict mean that it is important to understand how Chinese psychological warfare capabilities may evolve and what they would mean for Chinese strategic behavior in a crisis or conflict. The author explores Chinese military thinking about next-generation psychological warfare. China is interested in both advanced computing, such as big data, and brain science for their potential military applications to improve future psychological warfare capabilities. (Full report here.)

Finding Language Models in Influence Operations - Lawfare, 20 Jun 23

With the 2024 election campaign around the corner and public interest in artificial intelligence (AI) at fever pitch, policymakers, business leaders, and researchers have voiced concern about AI-enabled influence operations interfering in the democratic process. Potential concerns include propagandists using language models to write news articles, personalize propaganda or phishing emails to specific targets, falsify public opinion on social media or public comment systems, and even persuade targets via one-on-one chats. (Full report here.)

Intelligence Community Ethical Practice - Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, 22 Jun 23

Ethics will become an increasingly important issue for working-level and senior U.S. national security and intelligence practitioners. Despite a striking record of real or alleged ethical lapses since 9/11 and before, the Intelligence Community (IC) does not appear to have made a deliberate effort to advance the ethical practice and reflection of its workforce to improve professionalism. This situation arguably leads to an IC that is at least incrementally less effective at its missions, and more prone to unwanted errors. The emerging and future threat environment for the United States may be less forgiving of such consequences, implying that now is the time to advance IC ethics professionalization. For IC adaptability to the present and future, improving ethical practice is an important as it is under-appreciated. (Full report here.)

Can Our Government Keep a Secret? - Discourse, 23 Jun 23

Earlier this month, Airman First Class Jack Teixeira of the Massachusetts National Guard was indicted on six counts of violating the Espionage Act by sharing top-secret intelligence reports. In a quaint throwback to the 1980s, Teixeira allegedly had photographed hard-copy intelligence reports, which he then uploaded to an internet chat room. The eminent military historian Max Hastings wonders whether this latest embarrassing intelligence leak indicates that the U.S. intelligence community is losing its edge. The leak has prompted articles decrying the culture of unauthorized leaking and urging more compartmentalization of information, better background checks, a reduction in the number of security clearances and measures to limit the sheer amount of classified information. Although the White House has downplayed the seriousness of the Teixeira leak, the media has been reluctant to publish the compromised intelligence reports themselves. This is probably because the documents offer some insight into how the Pentagon thinks the war in Ukraine is going (the short answer: Ukraine is far from winning), and the media has been loath to report criticism of the conflict. In any event, the press arbitrates what classified government documents the public gets to see. (Full report here.)

Artificial Intelligence: The Journey to a Thinking Machine - Visual Capitalist, 21 Jun 23

When the latest iteration of generative artificial intelligence dropped in late 2022, it was clear that something significant had changed. The language model ChatGPT reached 100 million active monthly users in just two months, making it the fastest-growing consumer application in history. Meanwhile, Goldman Sachs predicted that AI could add 7% to global GDP over a 10-year period, almost $7 trillion, but also replace 300 million jobs in the process. But even as AI continues to disrupt every aspect of life and work, it’s worth taking a step back. In this visualization, the first in a three-part series called The AI Revolution for sponsor VERSES AI, we ask how we got here, where we’re going, and how close are we to achieving a truly thinking machine? (Access visual tool and full report here.)

Intelligence in History - A Collection of Recent Content

True Intelligence Matters in Film - The Lives of Others - Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck (2006)

All the listening/recording props in this award-winning historical fiction are actual Stasi equipment on loan from museums and collectors. The props master spent two years in a Stasi prison, and insisted upon absolute authenticity, down to the machine used to steam-open up to 600 letters per hour. Storyline: Gerd Wiesler is an officer with the Stasi, the East German secret police. The film begins in 1984 when Wiesler attends a play written by Georg Dreyman, who is considered by many to be the ultimate example of the loyal citizen. Wiesler has a gut feeling that Dreyman can't be as ideal as he seems, and believes surveillance is called for. The Minister of Culture agrees but only later does Wiesler learn that the Minister sees Dreyman as a rival and lusts after his partner Christa-Maria. The more time he spends listening in on them, the more he comes to care about them. The once rigid Stasi officer begins to intervene in their lives, in a positive way, protecting them whenever possible. Eventually, Wiesler's activities catch up to him and while there is no proof of wrongdoing, he finds himself in menial jobs - until the unbelievable happens.

More information about this based-on-true-events production here.

Walking Tours - Washington, DC - Sundays (Dates/Times Vary)

Former intelligence officers guide visitors on two morning and afternoon espionage-themed walking tours: "Spies of Embassy Row" and "Spies of Georgetown." For more information and booking, click here or contact

Section V - Books, Research Requests, Jobs, Obituaries

Books — Forthcoming, Newly Released, Overlooked

The Madam and the Spymaster: The Secret History of the Most Famous Brothel in Wartime Berlin
by Urs Brunner, Nigel Jones, Dr. Julia Schrammel
(Pegasus Books, 04 Jul 23)

There is no book in English about the wartime Berlin ‘salon’ run by Kitty Schmidt under the secret control of Reinhard Heydrich, one of the architects of the Final Solution. "Salon Kitty" was the most notorious brothel in the decadent Berlin of the Weimar Republic - the city of "Cabaret." But after the Nazis took power, it became something more dangerous: a spying centre with every room wired for sound, staffed by female agents specially selected by the SS to coax secrets from their VIP clients. Masterminded by Reinhard Heydrich, the spymaster whom Hitler himself called "the man with the iron heart," the exclusive establishment turned listening post was patronised by the Nazi leaders themselves, not knowing that hidden ears were listening. The Madam and the Spymaster reveals the sensational true story of this forgotten part of espionage history. The deep research undertaken by Nigel Jones, Urs Brunner and Dr Julia Schrammel sheds new light on Nazi methods of control and coercion, and the way sex was abused for their own perverse purposes.

Order book here.

Honey Trapped: Sex, Betrayal and Weaponized Love
by Henry R. Schlesinger
(The History Press, 29 Oct 21)

While the so-called ‘honey trap’ is a Hollywood cliché, it is also an enduring piece of tradecraft in the real-life world of spy versus spy. Employed by virtually every intelligence service in times of war and peace, the work of femme fatales and Romeo spies have shaped policy and history through seduction, betrayal and scandal. Perhaps the most well known though least understood element of espionage, the use of honey traps can be found throughout history in religious texts, lurid headlines and pop culture mythology. Honey Trapped is the first book to fully examine the oldest and consistently effective piece of tradecraft, from the ancient world to cyber seductions. Honey Trapped tells the stories of those spies, both famous and obscure, who used sex and leveraged love to acquire sensitive information. From Greek mythology to recent investigations, the potent mix of sex and espionage is sure to enthral and entertain.

Order book here.

Three Ordinary Girls: The Remarkable Story of Three Dutch Teenagers Who Became Spies, Saboteurs, Nazi Assassins--and WWII Heroes
by Tim Brady
(Citadel, 23 Feb 21)

The astonishing true story of three fearless female resisters during WWII whose youth and innocence belied their extraordinary daring in the Nazi-occupied Netherlands. It also made them the underground's most invaluable commodity. Recruited as teenagers, Hannie Schaft, and Dutch sisters Truus and Freddie Oversteegen fulfilled their harrowing missions as spies, saboteurs, and Nazi assassins with remarkable courage, but their stories have remained largely unknown...until now. May 10, 1940. The Netherlands was swarming with Third Reich troops. In seven days it's entirely occupied by Nazi Germany. Joining a small resistance cell in the Dutch city of Haarlem were three teenage girls: Hannie Schaft, and sisters Truus and Freddie Oversteegen who would soon band together to form a singular female underground squad. Smart, fiercely political, devoted solely to the cause, and "with nothing to lose but their own lives," Hannie, Truus, and Freddie took terrifying direct action against Nazi targets. That included sheltering fleeing Jews, political dissidents, and Dutch resisters. They sabotaged bridges and railways, and donned disguises to lead children from probable internment in concentration camps to safehouses. They covertly transported weapons and set military facilities ablaze. And they carried out the assassinations of German soldiers and traitors--on public streets and in private traps--with the courage of veteran guerrilla fighters and the cunning of seasoned spies. In telling this true story through the lens of a fearlessly unique trio of freedom fighters, Tim Brady offers a little-known perspective of the Dutch resistance during the war. Of lives under threat; of how these courageous young women became involved in the underground; and of how their dedication evolved into dangerous, life-threatening missions on behalf of Dutch patriots--regardless of the consequences. Harrowing, emotional, and unforgettable, Three Ordinary Girls finally moves these three icons of resistance into the deserved forefront of world history.

Order book here.

Research Requests and Academic Opportunities

Survey for Members: Skill Sets Needed for Intelligence Analysis Degree Holders to See Success After Graduation

Northeastern University Security and Intelligence Studies professor researching the skill sets required for Intelligence Analysis degree holders to see success after graduation welcomes the participation of AFIO members in a 5-minute survey in support of the research. Access survey here.

Call for Information: 430th CIC in Salzburg in 1946

I am currently writing about 430th CIC in Salzburg in 1946. I have a (large) CIC file and am now trying to track down further details about two officers mentioned in this: (1) Bill Taylor. The sources do not make clear whether the officer was Major Bill G. Taylor, GSC, Head of the Counter-Intelligence Bureau of G-2 (Intelligence Section), US Forces Austria, or “Mil.Reg.” Captain Taylor of Salzburg. Any information on either/both of these officers would be most welcome. (2) Pace B Rose. Rose was a CIC Special Agent in Austria, later a CIA officer who continued to be attached to the Agency after retirement. He died on 3 January 2009. I would like to contact family and friends of Pace Rose. According to the internet, Rose had children, Donna R. Hilverts and Gary W. Rose, and five grandchildren and three great grandchildren. Please contact with any information.

Call for Sources: Intelligence Officers Who Lived in Spain in the 1970s

Spanish journalist Francisco Jiménez is preparing a documentary about the intelligence services in Spain in the 70s. He is looking for intelligence officers who worked in Spain in those years. If you are willing to assist Francisco, he can be reached at

Call for Sources: Intelligence activities in Grenada and the southern Caribbean between 1979, Operation Urgent Fury, Leonard Barrett

The Washington Post is developing a multi-part audio documentary series (i.e. podcast) chronicling the Grenadian revolution and the US intervention in 1983. They've interviewed nearly 100 people so far, ranging from the heads of state, former Grenadian officials, current and former US officials, veterans, and intelligence officers. They're looking for people who served at the time and may be knowledgeable about intelligence activities in Grenada and the southern Caribbean between 1979 and Operation Urgent Fury. They would also be interested in speaking with anyone who knew Leonard Barrett during the same period. If anyone is interested in participating, please reach out to Washington Post reporter Ted Muldoon via email at or on Signal at 651-497-5449.

Call for papers: Energy Concerns in National Security and Business Intelligence: Identifying Threats and Developing Solutions - International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence

The link between energy and national security is well established and is a continuing multifaceted problem. Every facet of the intelligence process (e.g., collection, analysis, and production) has played a significant role for governments and private industry in anticipating threats to this vital sector. For example, current intelligence assessments focusing on Europe’s major energy concerns are stemming from supply-chain disruptions caused by a pandemic, Russia’s war in Ukraine, climate change, and the phasing out of coal and phasing in of renewable sources. This conference provides an opportunity to discuss the contribution of business intelligence in understanding the threat to role of energy and national security interests. It brings together prominent academic voices, experienced practitioners, and policymakers, offering an opportunity to “bridge the gap” between these sectors. We are looking for conference participants to identify critical issues and challenges, competing perspectives, new and existing trends, creative solutions for new technologies, and the emergence of new market conditions.

Proposals, abstracts, or papers should be submitted by September 1.

More information, topic suggestions, and submission instructions here.

Call for papers: Intelligence and Post-War Reconstruction - International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence

History shows that without planning for post-war reconstruction, apparent victory in war can lead to long-term defeat. On the other hand, wise post-war planning can lead to friendly, peaceful, and profitable relations between victor and vanquished. For political, socio-economic and security-related planning, intelligence plays a crucial role in estimating capabilities, securing infrastructure, locating persons of interest, and rebuilding. In honor of the 75th anniversary of the European Recovery Program (Marshall Plan) after the Second World War, the editors are particularly interested in papers dealing with intelligence concerning post-war reconstruction initiatives and planning connected to historical and recent conflicts. Both case studies and theoretical and methodological approaches are welcome. The studies may include, but do not have to be focused on, the following questions and issues:

  • The role of diplomatic and military intelligence during the conflict as preparation for post-war reconstruction, from the conceptual to the practical.
  • What intelligence needs to be collected to secure and boost reconstruction?
  • What contacts, networks, and infrastructure are necessary for intelligence to be effective?
  • Who has been or should be approached and/or recruited for reconstruction efforts based on intelligence?
  • When has intelligent post-war planning (or its opposite) been historically evident?
  • How should intelligence interact with formerly warring parties and international organizations to empower practical reconstruction efforts?
  • What intelligence collection challenges have services encountered in working for post-war peace?
  • How did intelligence factor in the European Recovery Program?
  • What was George C. Marshall's position on the role of intelligence in general or concrete examples related to "his" plan?

01 Nov 23 deadline. More information and submission instructions here.

Call For Articles: AFIO Journal, The Intelligencer

For the past four years, AFIO has included in The Intelligencer a series of articles on "when intelligence made a difference." Written by scholars, intelligence practitioners, students, and others, they cover events from ancient times to the modern world and in many countries. AFIO is soliciting articles for future issues. Most articles run between 2,000 and 3,000 words, although some are longer or shorter. If you have an idea for an article that fits the theme, email senior editor Peter Oleson at


Retired Federal Government Employees Wanted - National Security Agency - Fort Meade, Maryland

The National Security Agency (NSA) may occasionally need skilled civilian retirees to augment the existing work force on high priority projects or programs. In order to fill these temporary positions quickly, we need to know who may be interested and available to return to work with us on a short notice basis as well as their skills. Retirees provide expertise and corporate knowledge to temporarily support mission requirements, manpower shortfalls, and/or mentor the next generation of Agency employees. Salary Range: $86,335 - $170,800.

Additional information and application here.

Assistant/Associate Professor of Intelligence Studies (Global Security and Intelligence Studies) - Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University - Prescott, Arizona

Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University's Prescott, Arizona campus is accepting applications for a tenure-track assistant or associate-level professor of intelligence studies to teach intelligence courses to students in the Global Security and Intelligence program. The successful candidate will teach students about the intelligence community, strategic intelligence, the intelligence cycle and intelligence analysis, writing, and briefing. Prior experience working in the intelligence community is strongly preferred. We are interested in candidates with teaching acumen in intelligence analysis and writing using structured analytical techniques.

Additional information and application here.

Teaching Associate - Intelligence and National Security Studies - Coastal Carolina University, South Carolina

The Department of Intelligence and Security Studies ( ISS ) at Coastal Carolina University is accepting applications for a pool of Teaching Associates (part-time adjunct faculty) to teach introductory and undergraduate elective course offerings for the program beginning in August 2022. While the ad is open to any specialization within the field of study, courses in the areas of homeland security, law enforcement intelligence, counter-narcotics, and cybersecurity are of particular interest. Course offerings can be in a face-to-face or synchronous online modality. To be considered, candidates must have a masters or doctoral degree in a relevant subject area. Prior professional experience in the profession, as well as prior teaching experience are preferred.

Additional information and application here.


Harry Allsworth — Decorated Career CIA Officer

Harry G. Allsworth, 95, of Greensburg, passed away. Harry G. Allsworth led an extraordinary and full life. He traveled the world in career service to his country, mingled with golfing and football greats, and brought joy to many, many lives with his warmth and humor. He was not only accomplished and a joy to be around but a compassionate, kind and humble man with a deep Catholic faith. Harry was born in Greensburg. Upon graduating high school, Harry served in the Army Air Corps as a member of 509th Bomb Group which dropped the first atom bomb on Aug. 6, 1945. After two years of military service, he studied economics at Saint Vincent College, attended and played football at Louisiana of Monroe and in 1951, earned a Bachelor of Science degree in commerce finance and economics from Bucknell University. At Bucknell, he joined the Sigma Chi fraternity and thereafter remained a loyal lifetime member. Following graduation, with the encouragement and support of his father, Harry applied and was hired by the United States Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). He served in the CIA for 24 years until his retirement in 1975. His first assignment was in the Middle East, where he was integral to setting up a base of operations to intercept Soviet communications and monitor Soviet missile bases. He was stationed in Iran during the turbulent unrest of the 1950s, and later was assigned to the Far East. Japan was his favorite place, where he gained a special affection for the people and culture. During his time with the CIA, he was selected to study at the Harvard Management School, U.S. Army Command School at Fort Belvoir, and the Armed Forces Staff College at Fort McNair in Virginia. During his career, he was awarded the Inspector General Commendation, a CIA commendation for Superior Performance under extreme adverse conditions in Iran, and a career Intelligence Merit Award for his distinguished performance in duty.

Richard Charters — Career CIA and NRO Technical Officer and Analyst

Richard E. Charters graduated in June 1961 from the University of South Carolina with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering. He accepted a job with NASA at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas and had initial assignments in mission planning and analysis spanning the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo programs. While with NASA, Mr. Charters earned a M.S. in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston. Mr. Charters left NASA in 1965 and spent two years in Columbus, Ohio working for North American Aviation. While in Columbus he completed the majority of PhD Course work in mechanical engineering at Ohio State University. In 1967, Mr. Charters again moved to Houston to join TRW Systems Group where he performed a wide variety of onboard guidance analysis tasks in support of Apollo lunar rendezvous maneuvers and Skylab mission planning. When with TRW in Houston, Mr. Charters headed the Guidance Analysis Section while completing his PhD in Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston. Dr. Richard Charters was awarded his doctorate in May 1972 with a dissertation entitled, "On the Development of Advanced Guidance Concepts for Interplanetary Missions." In August 1975, Dr. Charters accepted a position with the Central Intelligence Agency in the Office of Weapons Intelligence, later to become the Office of Scientific and Weapons Research (OSWR) in the Directorate of Intelligence. While in OSWR, he was the Chief Analyst for the Offensive Systems Division and served as the directorate-wide focal point for a wide range of national intelligence and policy support activities concerning foreign ballistic missiles. During this time period, he was uniquely responsible for assessing through all source intelligence analysis the current and future accuracy capabilities of all foreign intercontinental ballistic missiles. During this internationally stressful cold war period, Dr. Charters briefed the methodology and strategic implications of his ICMB accuracy assessments to many cabinet-level officials, members of Congress and high ranking military personnel. He substantially interfaced and participated annually with other U.S. government agencies in formulating and negotiating National Intelligence Estimates for CIA. In 1985, Dr. Charles moved on to new assignments within the Directorate of Science and Technology, Office of Development and Engineering, where he initially served in a variety of spacecraft engineering assignment in the development of nation space reconnaissance systems for the National Reconnaissance Office. From 1989 to 2007, Dr. Charters directed the design, development, analysis, manufacturing, integration, and testing of the Control and Data Subsystems for extremely complex national reconnaissance programs. He led a large joint U.S. Government/contractor/consultant team through all phases of acquisition activities from concept definition through operational activation. Dr. Charters has also served on a contractor/government technical specialist team for launch and activation of multiple major national reconnaissance programs. Through long term study and application to the technical disciplines of Richard's attitude control responsibilities he is widely acknowledged to be the NRO's foremost authority on momentum control gyros and star tracker issues.

Fredrick Klare — Military Intelligence, Secret Service, and CIA Officer

Frederick Renee Klare, 76, of Charleston, South Carolina, passed away on Thursday, June 22, 2023. Born in Guam, Fred was a proud graduate of The Military College of South Carolina (The Citadel), Class of 1968 where he studied modern languages and was a member of the Summerall Guards. He served two tours in Vietnam as a Military Intelligence Officer assigned to an infantry unit and spent seven years in the U.S. Army. Upon his return, Fred completed a Master of Science in Criminology at Florida State University. Fred then joined the United States Secret Service (USSS), where he worked as a Special Agent for 21 years in the NY Field Office, Miami Field Office, and finally in the Washington D.C. Field Office where he worked in the Intelligence Division, Dignitary Protective Division, Special Services Division, and the Asset Forfeiture Division. Following his time with the USSS, he spent 18 years at the Central Intelligence Agency, retiring as a Senior Intelligence Service member in the Inspector General's Office. Fred was awarded the Bronze Star Medal and the Combat Infantryman Badge for fighting in active ground combat in Vietnam. Among numerous professional accolades, he received recognition for his outstanding investigative accomplishments that led to criminal prosecutions while serving in the USSS and CIA. Fred was also known for his mentoring role, guiding aspiring military personnel, federal law enforcement officials, and students at The Citadel.

Richard Meyer — Decorated Career NSA Officer

Richard J. Meyer, age 81, passed away at Anne Arundel Medical Center on June 20, 2023 after a brief illness, surrounded by his family. Rich grew up in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended St. John’s University in Minnesota, and then transferred to St. Louis University. After graduating from St Louis University in 1963, Rich moved from Missouri to Maryland to work for the National Security Agency as a mathematician. His combination of technical and management skills led him to the top echelons of the NSA. By all accounts, he was an extraordinary leader and was awarded the National Security Agency’s Exceptional Civilian Service Award. After 30 years of service, he retired from the Agency to work for Raytheon, a defense contractor. Five years later, he returned to NSA for a few more years before going to work for Federal Data Systems, a position he held until he passed.

Section VI - Events

6 Jul 23 (Thursday), 1900 (Central) - Virtual - LTG Michael Groen, USMC, Ret. on Artificial Intelligence. Hosted by The San Antonio AFIO Chapter. This San Antonio AFIO Chapter's program will be on Artificial Intelligence. This will be an excellent program that should give you an increased understanding of AI. LTG Michael Groen (USMC, Ret), former Commander of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, will speak about AI in this AFIO NOW program. He is interviewed by AFIO President James Hughes. General Groen and Jim Hughes discuss the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, the meaning, uses, adoption problems, and ethics of AI in the military and beyond. The interview runs 44 minutes and includes several Q&As. On 6 July 2023 at 7 pm Central Time click on this link to join the program. Questions? Email Chapter President John Franklin at or call him at 210 863-0430.

27 Jul 23 (Thursday), 1130 (Pacific) - In Person - Col. Robert W. Parr, USAF (ret) on "12 Days with a Soviet Pilot Defector" - Basque Cultural Center, San Francisco - The AFIO Andre LeGallo Chapter. No host cocktail at 1130 hours (Pacific). Meeting starts at 1200 hours. Basque Cultural Center, 599 Railroad Avenue, South San Francisco, CA. RSVP and pre-payment required. More information and registration here.

See the AFIO Calendar of Events for scheduling further in the future.

Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, Others

26 Jun 23, 0700 (ET) - Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) - Maturing the Discipline – Johns Hopkins - Virtual

Join host Michael Ard for a curated conversation with Barbara Alexander, president, OSINT Foundation as they discuss the current and future role of OSINT in the Intelligence Community. Mrs. Alexander is the president of the OSINT Foundation, a professional association for Open Source Intelligence practitioners. A career intelligence officer in the federal government and retired member of the Senior Executive Service (SES), Alexander has a broad background in analysis, collection, strategic planning, information technology, and Intelligence Community issues. Alexander began her career as a European military-political analyst at the Defense Intelligence Agency, and later spent a decade working in the areas of strategic planning and budgeting for the global defense intelligence analysis community. She served in interagency assignments at the predecessor to the Office of the Director of National Intelligence and at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, and held senior managerial positions at DIA, including the deputy for counterproliferation, staff director for Russia, Eurasia, and Africa, and chief of the Relationship and Performance Management Group in the office of the chief information officer, supporting the mission needs of over 20,000 DoD Intelligence Information Service customers worldwide. Alexander joined the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Office of Intelligence and Analysis(I&A) in 2008 as the Director of I&A’s Collection and Requirements Division, where she oversaw the Department’s OSINT exploitation activities. She also ensured the IC’s technical capabilities and human assets provided the information DHS and its components needed to prepare, prevent, respond, and recover from any hazard or threat to the security of the Nation. In 2010, she became the director of I&A’s Cyber, Infrastructure, and Science Division, and directed intelligence analysis on threats to the Nation’s cyber networks; threats from adversary use of chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear materials; and threats to the17 critical infrastructure sectors. Upon her retirement from federal service, she has worked in industry as an expert in Intelligence and Homeland Security, most recently for General Dynamics Information Technology. Alexander holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science from Wheaton College (IL); a Master of Arts degree in International Relations from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, the Johns Hopkins University; and a Master of Science degree in National Security Strategy from the National War College. She is a project management professional (PMP®), a certified Intelligence Community Officer, a FEMA certified Level I Professional Continuity Practitioner, and completed the Chief Information Officer Certification program at the National Defense University’s Information Resources Management College. Register here.

27 Jun 23, 1400-1500 (ET) - SPY with Me: Memory Loss Program – International Spy Museum - Virtual

International Spy Museum's SPY with Me is an interactive virtual program for individuals living with dementia and their care partners. Join SPY as we use music and artifacts to explore some of our favorite spy stories. Programs last one hour and are held virtually through Zoom. Every month the same program is offered on two different dates. To register, please email Shana Oltmans at Free but space is limited. Visit

29 Jun 23, 1400-1500 (ET) - SPY with Me: Memory Loss Program – International Spy Museum - Virtual

International Spy Museum's SPY with Me is an interactive virtual program for individuals living with dementia and their care partners. Join SPY as we use music and artifacts to explore some of our favorite spy stories. Programs last one hour and are held virtually through Zoom. Every month the same program is offered on two different dates. To register, please email Shana Oltmans at Free but space is limited. Visit

29 Jun 23, 1830 (ET) - Spy Museum Members Only Event: Virtual Tour of Secrets Revealed: Highlights from the Grant Verstandig Collection – International Spy Museum Member Program - Virtual

Private collections usually stay private — especially when they are related to espionage and intelligence. These items from the private collection of Verstandig are on public display together for the first time. Here is your chance to steal a look. Watch this one-of-a-kind event only for Spy Museum members from the comfort of your own home while our Exhibitions Project Manager Lauren vonBechmann, Collections Manager Laura Hicken, and Exhibits Technician Madison Strausser present highlights from the exhibit. Lauren, Laura, and Madison will also provide behind-the-scenes commentary on how the exhibit was created. This event is free of charge and open exclusively to Spy Museum members. You can join SPY as a member online or by calling 202.654.2840. If you are a current member and have not received the link to sign up for this event, please email to register. Visit Visit

29 Jun 23, 0900-0945 (ET) - Coffee and Conversation with The Hon. Michael Vickers – INSA - Virtual

Join intelligence and national security colleagues online on Thursday, June 29, from 9:00-9:45 am ET, for a special Coffee & Conversation with The Hon. Michael G. Vickers, former Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence. In a moderated conversation with Letitia A. Long, Chairwoman, INSA Board of Directors, Mr. Vickers will discuss his latest memoir, By All Means Available: Memoirs of a Life in Intelligence, Special Operations, and Strategy, including: Key accomplishments during his time at CIA, specifically his role in the invasion of Grenada, operational response to the Beirut bombings, and the covert effort to drive the Red Army out of Afghanistan; Leading the comprehensive transformation of defense intelligence capabilities, while USD(I); Serving as the first ASD for Special Operations, Low-Intensity Conflict & Interdependent Capabilities...and much more! Plus, there will be ample time for audience Q&A! Register here.

13-14 Jul 23 – 2023 Intelligence and National Security Summit - AFCEA/INSA - In Person - National Harbor, MD

"The Nation's Premier Intel and National Security Event" - Save the date for the 10th Annual AFCEA/INSA Intelligence and National Security Summit! The powerful, two-day program, at the Gaylord National Resort, will feature five blockbuster plenaries, six engaging breakout sessions, and a jam-packed exhibit hall full of the latest IC technology innovations. Top leaders will discuss State of the Community, Military Intelligence Priorities, Strategic Intelligence, and Cybersecurity Challenges. Breakout sessions with senior leaders, technology experts, and thought leaders will examine some of the most pressing issues facing the community. Plus, powerful networking opportunities designed to foster partnerships and relationship building. Check for for full agenda and updates here.

20-22 Jul 2023 - NASIH Annual Conference 2023 – NASIH - In Person - University of Calgary, Canada

North American Society for Intelligence History's annual event. Registration is open. Full details on this two-day program, with extensive speaker line up and panels, here. Registration here.

03 Aug 23, 1730-2130 (ET) - Leadership Dinner with DDNI Stacey Dixon – INSA - In Person - Tysons Corner, VA

Join intelligence and national security colleagues at the Hilton McLean Tysons Corner for INSA's Leadership Dinner honoring Dr. Stacey Dixon, Principal Deputy Director of National Intelligence, ODNI. Following her opening remarks, Dr. Dixon will join INSA Chairwoman Letitia A. Long for a moderated Q&A. Topics for discussion include: AI and emerging tech, IC data strategy, Future of Open Source, Collaboration with industry partners...and more! Plus, there will be audience Q&A. More information and registration here.

Gifts for Friends, Colleagues, Self

Now available: Black short-sleeved polo shirts with Embroidered AFIO logo
Show your support for AFIO with our new Black Short-sleeve Polo Shirts. Shirts are shrink and wrinkle resistant of fine cotton with a soft, "well-worn, comfy" yet substantial feel. They feature a detailed embroidered AFIO seal. Get a shirt for yourself and consider as gifts for colleagues, family, and friends. Only $50 each including shipping.
Sizes for (M) men, only; Small, Medium, Large, XL, XXL, and XXXL. $50 per shirt.
You may pay by check or credit card. Complete your order online here or mail an order along with payment to: AFIO, 7600 Leesburg Pike, Ste 470 East, Falls Church, VA 22043-2004. Phone orders at 703-790-0320. Questions? Contact Annette at:

PopSocket for cellphones or tablets
Show your support to AFIO while enjoying the convenience offered by our AFIO Logo PopSocket. The PopSocket is most commonly used as a stand and as a grip for your mobile phone or tablet; handy for taking selfies, watching videos, and for texting. The PopSocket looks like a small button or sticker which, when closed, sticks flat to your mobile device. However, its accordion-like design enables it to pop open for use. The benefits of using a PopSocket make it a must-have accessory for your mobile phone or tablet. It also aids in keeping your phone from slipping off your hand during use, falling, or breaking.
Price: $15. Order this and other store items online here.

Duffel Bags - Royal Blue and Black with Full Color AFIO Logo This duffel has it all when it comes to value, style and organization.
600 denier polyester canvas with polyester double contrast; D-shaped zippered entry for easy access. Front pocket with hook and loop closure. End mesh pocket Easy-access end pockets. Four durable, protective feet and built-in bottom board for added strength. Web handles with padded grip. Detachable, adjustable shoulder strap.
Dimensions: 11"h x 19.75"w x 9.75"d; Approx. 2,118 cubic inches
Price: $50. Order this and other store items online here.

 AFIO Mug with color glazed seal.

Made in the U.S.A., dishwasher-safe.
$35 includes shipping.

Sip your morning joe in style or use it to stash pens, cards, paperclips, or candy.

Order this and other store items online here.

Caps - Dark Navy with Navy AFIO Logo
An authentic silhouette with the comfort of an unstructured, adjustable fit. Fabric: 100% cotton. Unstructured. Fabric strap closure with adjustable D-clip. Price: $30. Order this and other store items online here.


Be informed on career opportunities in the U.S. Intelligence Community
Intelligence as a Career - with updated listings of colleges teaching intelligence courses, and Q&As on needed foreign languages, as well as the courses, grades, extracurricular activities, and behavioral characteristics and life experiences sought by modern U.S. intelligence agencies.

AFIO's popular 47-page booklet reaches thousands of high school, college students, university guidance offices, and distributed in classes teaching intelligence, to help those considering careers in the U.S. Intelligence Community.
This is the all new fifth edition.
The publication is also popular with University Career Guidance Centers, professors and academic departments specializing in national security, and parents assisting children or grandchildren in choosing meaningful, public service careers.
This booklet is provided online as a public service from the generosity of AFIO board, volunteer editors/writers, donors, and members.
We thank all for their support which makes this educational effort possible.
  Careers Booklet (new 2023 Fifth Edition) can be read or downloaded here

Guide to the Study of Intelligence...and...When Intelligence Made a Difference

"AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence" has sold out in hard-copy.
It is available in digital form in its entirety on the AFIO website here.

Also available on the website here are the individual articles of AFIO's history project "When Intelligence Made a Difference" that have been published to date in The Intelligencer journal. More articles will be appear in future editions.

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