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AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #27-99, July 8, 1999

WINs are commentaries on intelligence-related news items. WINs are produced by Editor Roy Jonkers for AFIO members and subscribers. This WIN contains items based on information submitted by several AFIO members. The WIN is now sent to over 1035 members and subscribers - with your help the number is growing apace. Contact WIN editor at (

NEW AFIO WEB SITE DONATED -- - AFIO recognizes and honors the exceptional support provided to AFIO by Mr. Tucker Greco, President of Greco Ethridge Group, Inc. of Fifth Avenue, New York. Mr. Greco generously donated a new Web page to AFIO at last year's Convention, along with the expertise of his son, Joshua Greco, who has constructed the new AFIO Home Page during the past year. To both, our thanks and most sincere appreciation! They have made, and are continuing to make, an exceptional contribution to AFIO's mission objectives.

You can find the new AFIO site at This dynamic new site features a search engine for research on back issues of the WIN. Check it out -- and feel free to give us your ideas on how we can become more effective in our outreach programs - - or how you can help.

ANNOUNCEMENT: AFIO LUNCHEON Monday 13 September 1999 - Fort Myer, Virginia - 10:30 a.m.(open bar) until 2 pm.

Two outstanding speakers - Rick Francona (USAF ret), in-country specialist on Iraq from 1980 - 1998, including the Iran-Iraq war and the Gulf War (when he was General Schwartzkopf's personal interpreter), and a former Air Attaché to Damascus, speaking, from first-hand insider experience, on the evolution of Iraq from ally to adversary, at 11 am; and, at 1 p.m., Ken Knaus (CIA ret), who will address CIA involvement in Tibet, another fascinating story.

This luncheon occasion again promises to be an exceptionally interesting event. Introduce AFIO to a guest -- members and guests $26, others $29. Send check to AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave, Ste 303A, McLean, VA 22101-4533.


RUSSIAN ESPIONAGE -- THE GAME RESUMES - - Russia's Federal Security Service (FSB), the successor to the KGB, announced on July 8th that U.S. citizen Justine Hamilton, a 25-year-old Kansas-based exchange student since January 1998, had been caught spying in the Voronezh region in late June. Hamilton was reportedly summoned to the regional FSB headquarters on June 21, where she admitted to collecting material from the region's defense factories, as well as passing economic and political information to the CIA. The FSB spokesman said Hamilton departed Russia on June 23, when her visa expired, and will not be allowed back in the country.

On July 1, Russia expelled Lt. Col. Peter Hoffman, Assistant Military Attaché at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, reportedly for espionage activities. Hoffman's expulsion from Russia was apparently in retaliation for the May 1 expulsion from the U.S. of a Russian UN official, who had been caught red-handed in April attempting to obtain classified information.

It seems only appropriate that, with Russian "Bear" bombers carrying out missions near Iceland for the first time in a decade, we should also see a return of the spy game. Not that the game ever went away, but it hasn't been as public and political as this for some time. According to U.S. officials, Russia has increased its espionage activity over the last six months and has clamped down on contacts between current and former Russian military personnel and Western diplomats. Additionally, while Washington has attempted to downplay the recent incidents in an apparent effort to avoid further straining relations, Russia seems to be politicizing them. The Russian actions may be seen both in the context of internal politics and as an attempt to "be noticed" by the US, which recently has given the impression of making a special effort to rub Russia's face into the reality of its political and military impotence. ( courtesy George Doherty, Stratfor July 9th '99) (RoyJ)

NO NUKES IN THE NORTH KOREAN TUNNEL The American team that inspected a North Korean site suspected as being part of a revived nuclear weapons program reported it found "an empty tunnel complex." The inspection team spent 20 to 24 May at the Kumchangni site and completed its work earlier than anticipated although, "A careful technical analysis of the team's work will now take place..." A second visit to the site will be made in May 2000.

Intelligence analysts are described as disagreeing on the conclusions to be drawn from the inspection. One intelligence official concluded, on the basis of continuous 6 May through 12 May spy satellite imagery which showed continued construction and increased vehicle and personnel activity at the site, that the activity probably involved the removal of equipment indicating the site's purpose. Another official, however, said the imagery did not show the removal of any large equipment, and the nature of the increased activity was not fully understood.

A former DoD weapons proliferation specialist believes it was foolish of the administration to expect anything to be seen during the Kumchangni inspection. He said, "...we have actively deceived ourselves that the results could be anything but an empty cave." He noted North Koreans in the past have deceived international inspectors about their nuclear weapons program and have many underground locations where components for a covert nuclear program could be hidden. Of the latest inspection, he said, "One down, 12,000 to go. That's how many caves they have." (Wash Times 28 May '99, p. A1) (DonH)

PURCHASE OF OVERHEAD IMAGERY PLANNED. An intelligence community plan, drafted primarily by NRO and NIMA in consultation with industry, signals a major government commitment to incorporate COMMERCIAL imagery into U.S. collection activity.

The planned one billion dollar investment will support direct purchases of commercial imagery, processing by private companies of imagery from various sources, and infrastructure upgraded to process and disseminate the products quickly. The intelligence community plans to take advantage of the three commercial satellites scheduled for launch this year, Ikonos 1, Orb View 3, and QuickBird-1 capable of one meter resolution, as well as more capable systems expected to be developed in the future.

One of the goals behind the draft plan is to encourage industry to develop improved systems. Using commercial satellites allows the NRO to concentrate its own systems on tougher assignments requiring more advanced capabilities. The commercial imagery is expected to be more readily available (presumably lower in classification) and easier to use by military forces in the field; it is also anticipated to save money. Those who suffered for years with the over-zealous, security-fixated guardians of overhead imagery can only applaud the current NRO Director, Keith Hall.(Def.News 12 Apr '99, p. 1 ) (DonH)

CUBAN LAWSUIT AGAINST US "DIRTY WAR." -- On 7 July 1999 proceedings began in Cuba in a lawsuit against the United States. The lawsuit, filed in late May in Havana, asks for $181 billion in compensatory and punitive damages for the death of 3,478 Cubans and permanent injury to 2,099 other people, in acts ranging from the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 to clandestine activities such as the bombing of Havana hotels in 1997. More than 100 people are expected to testify before the hearings- finish July 22nd. The proceedings are being held at the Palace of the Revolution -- the seat of Cuba's Communist government -- rather than in a regular court- room, demonstrating the political importance Castro is placing on them.

The lawsuit appears to be Havana's answer to a suit brought against Cuba in the United States. In that case, a federal judge in Miami has ordered Cuba to pay $187 million to the families of three Americans killed in 1996 when Cuban military jets shot down two small pri-vate planes off the island's coast. Cuban authorities were infu-riated by that lawsuit, as well as attempts to collect the money by seizing Cuban funds from telephone companies operating long-distance phone service between the two countries. (courtesy Ed Nolan, CUBA, Wednesday, July 7, 1999, in the Miami Heraldby Anita Snow, Associated Press HAVANA )


TACTICAL HIGH ENERGY LASER ACHIEVES "FIRST LIGHT." - On June 26, 1999 the Tactical High Energy Laser (THEL) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) laser subsystem achieved "first light" at the TRW Capistrano Test Facility in California. "First light" is the first successful test of a laser. The test demonstrated the end-to-end capability of the laser subsystem and demonstrated the laser optical control of extracting a high-energy laser beam.

The THEL ACTD was initiated in April 1996 after the Administration announced that the United States and Israel would undertake a joint effort to evaluate the effectiveness of a THEL against the threat posed by Katyusha rockets to populated areas in northern Israel. Paul Kaminski, at that time the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology, and retired Maj. Gen. Ilan Biran, director general, Israeli Ministry of Defense, signed a memorandum of agreement, formalizing the agreement in July 1996. The MOA provides for development and functional testing of a THEL demonstrator, consisting of a laser; pointer-tracker; and command, control, communications, and intelligence (C3I) subsystems.

The United States Army Space and Missile Defense Command is the executive agent of the joint THEL ACTD program for the Department of Defense. The Israeli Ministry of Defense has also designated a program office to oversee the joint development effort. TRW Inc. was selected as the primary civilian contractor to design, build, and integrate the THEL demonstrator. Program developers have driven the ACTD weapon system development from start to hardware completion and have achieved laser first light in three years by utilizing mature beam generation and beam pointing technologies to develop a THEL demonstrator.

Under the current schedule the laser and pointer-tracker subsystems will be transported to White Sands Missile Range, N.M., to be integrated with the C3I subsystem later this summer. This ACTD has demonstrated the ability to cut through the traditional weapon developmental processes to provide a limited operational capability to the user in a very short period of time. (courtesy Carl Griffith - - OSD/PA News Release 320-99, dtd 1 Jul99; online at


ALLEN DULLES : MASTER OF SPIES, by James Srodes, Regnery, 1999. - Allen Dulles' service to US intelligence spanned more than four decades -- from the era of Wilsonian idealism to the fight against the Nazi's and then to most frigid years of the Cold War. His remarkable story is engrossingly told by James Srodes, who drew heavily upon the Dulles papers at Princeton University as well as upon interviews with his old spook friends, who admired Dulles' prowess as a hands-on intelligence officer even when he was the DCI - - Dulles energetically toured CIA stations abroad rather than sitting behind his desk.

Dulles started his career after graduating from Princeton University in 1915, filled with Wilsonian idealism, in the State Department in 1915. After the war, he turned to Wall Street where he built up a network of contacts that served him well when he worked for the OSS during the 1940's, operating out of Switzerland. Mr. Srodes devotes major space to the OSS period, providing a keen insight into the daily activities of a working intelligence officer. After the war he helped to create the CIA and served as DCI from 1953 until 1961, "the golden era of CIA's clandestine war against the Soviets," relatively unhampered by either Congressional or media attention. In 1961 President Kennedy shoved him aside as the Bay of Pigs scapegoat, and he spent the next 24 years in reduced circumstances living off his government pension, suffering from acute gout and hypertension, and supporting his son Allen, a Marine officer who was gravely wounded in Korea.

Allen Dulles lived before the era of political correctness, and he was an ardent admirer and lover of women, who found his hearty humor, robust spirit and athletic sexuality enticing. Mr Srodes speculates that a man with his bedroom record could not be hired by the current CIA, but notes that his paramours were social equals, not subordinates, and most remained "firm friends after the fires had gone out."

(Excerpted from review by Joseph Goulden, WashTimes Jul 6th,'99, p.A15) (RJ)


AFIO SPEAKERS BUREAU - Chairman Chuck Slack of the AFIO Speakers Bureau recently completed the arrangements for three AFIO speakers for a Lockheed-Martin program in Valley Forge, PA this fall. Our first speaker will be LTG Jim Williams on 13 October. He will be followed by Vince Cannistraro on 15 November. The series will finish up with RADM Don Harvey on 9 December. In return Lockheed-Martin will make a donation to AFIO. Our thanks to Chuck and to the speakers! (Contact Chuck Slack at

EVERY MEMBER SPONSOR A NEW MEMBER IN 1999! How? Let us know to whom we can send a membership application.

If a gift, you may fill out the membership application, and we will send the recipient a membership along with a card announcing your gift.

If you need membership brochures to hand out, let us know.

You know where to find us -- email, or tel 703 790 0320 -- or AFIO, 6723 Whittier Ave, Ste 303A, McLean, VA 22101-4533 (Mrs Gretchen Campbell)


INTERNATIONAL FIRM HAS OVERSEAS TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT OPPORTUNITY -- Firm based in desirable Western European location, specializing in counter-money laundering and asset recovery, seeks highly qualified individual with Information Technology skills, including computer security (with ability to conduct "backwards hacking" to identify intruders), and encryption software. Position supports financial investigators in deconstructing complex offshore asset holding and concealing devices. Includes processing, analysis and production of data into finished intelligence. High preference given to candidates with relevant NSA, CIA , DIA or Service background and experience with SIGINT, ELINT, economic counterterrorism and intelligence. Interested individuals contact AFIO, and reference File E-14.

FORMER SPECIAL WARFARE AND INTELLIGENCE OFFICER seeks position. Served in the CIA as a NOC as well as a declared CIA Intelligence Officer with the Domestic Collection Division. Experienced helicopter pilot with combat experience in Vietnam. Completed the CIA DDO/CT course and the SOG Paramilitary course as well as the U.S. Army Military Intelligence Officers Advanced Course. Degrees in Business Administration and Aeronautical Science. Potential employers contact AFIO Ref File# J-120

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