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Weekly Intelligence Notes
27 January 2000

WINs are covered by copyright laws and may not be reproduced without permission from the Producer/Editor, Roy Jonkers afio@afio.com.

The material in this WIN was produced by Associate Editor Dr. John Macartney.

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SECTION ONE - CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

FBI FORMING CI CYBER SQUADS -- The FBI plans to reinforce its mission to counter cyberattacks with the formation of new investigative teams specializing in computer intrusions and attacks at all 56 of its field offices around the country. The agency also plans to assign at least one computer forensics examiner to each field office. THE National Plan for Information Systems Protection, released on Jan. 12 by President Clinton, outlines plans for the FBI's >National Infrastructure Protection Center (NIPC) to establish a National Infrastructure Protection and Computer Intrusion Program in the agency's counterterrorism division. The NIPC is charged with centrally managing the nation's defense of telecommunications systems, railroads and electric power systems against attacks. The plan calls for computer-intrusion squads to conduct network intrusion detection, respond to threats, collect intelligence and conduct counterintelligence investigations.http://www.fcw.com/fcw/articles/web-fbi-01-14-00.asp (per Ron Levine's High Tech "NewsBits, http://rlevine.home.netcom.com/newsbits.html (courtesy Larry Sulc)

ALGERIAN TERRORIST PLOT. New indictments and info about the investigation of Algerians arrested in Seattle, New York and Montreal over the holidays. At least one is informing on the others, and the FBI may have another informant in the case. American investigators have uncovered what they believe are links between Algerians who have been charged with plotting a holiday terrorist attack in the US and Osama bin Laden. Acting on a US tip, Senegal has arrested a man who American investigators believe directed an Algerian group in Canada in its effort to enter the United States and carry out a bomb plot in December. The man being held in Senegal, Mohambedou Ould Slahi, is a brother-in-law of one of Mr. bin Laden's key lieutenants. (Macartney) http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A10008-2000Jan21.html. http://www.nytimes.com/library/national/012700terror-bomb.html

POLAND EXPELS 9 RUSSIAN DIPLOMATS. Poland PNG'd 9 Russian diplomats last week for spying. Russia retaliated in kind. (Wash Times, Jan 21) (Macartney)

MORE "ECHELON" PARANOIA IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT. http://cryptome.org/echelon-be.htm


SECTION II -- CONTEXT AND PRECEDENT

CHINESE AID TO LIBYAN MISSILE PROGRAM. According to "Inside the Ring" (Wash Times, Jan21), China is helping Libya construct a hypersonic wind tunnel that will be used for missile development, also Libyan technicians are traveling to China for missile related training. This, according to Scarborough and Gertz, comes from "sensitive intelligence." Under the heading of "CIA FOOLED BY "DANGLE." Scarborough and Gertz report in the same column that Cheri Leberknight, the American diplomat who was arrested and expelled from Russia in November, was a victim of a "KGB provocation." That is, a Russian "walk in" at our embassy in Moscow was a deliberate operation to ensnare US intelligence. (Macartney) http://www.worldnetdaily.com/bluesky_gertzscar/20000121_xcgsc_china_and_.shtml

POSSIBLE IRAN NUKE. The CIA estimate [reported in last week's AFIO WIN, saying the Agency can no longer rule out the possibility that Iran may already have nuclear weapons] is sowing confusion among US policy makers . The CIA finding was leaked at a sensitive time -- an election year when President Clinton is soon to make a determination whether to proceed with deployment of a national missile defense. (Macartney) http://www.abcnews.go.com/wire/World/reuters20000126_2921.html

SOVIET WEAPON CACHES IN US? "While working as a KGB operative during the Cold War, one of my main directives was to find drop sites for mass destruction weapons," Stanislav Lunev, author of the 1998 book, THROUGH THE EYES OF THE ENEMY, told the House Committee on Government Reform, meeting here in downtown Los Angeles. Lunev was a colonel with the KGB who defected to the United States in 1992 and is now in the federal witness protection program. On Monday he wore a hood over his head while testifying. Lunev and other Russian defectors revealed the existence of the weapons caches in 1992. Since then, stockpiles have been uncovered in Belgium and Switzerland, but not in the United States. http://www.russiatoday.com:80/news.php3?id=128491 (Macartney)

NORTHERN IRELAND -- - BUGGING THE IRA. A sophisticated bugging and tracking device has been found in one of a pool of vehicles used by Sinn Fein president, Gerry Adams, and senior IRA negotiator Martin McGuinness. Dublin sources report the original target of the operation was the owner of the car, who is currently the IRA's Director of Intelligence and a member of the IRA General Headquarters Staff, and a plausible target for MI6 bugging. Intelligence specialists are said to have converted the car into a "self-contained mobile tracking and eavesdropping unit". A tiny microphone was hidden beneath the skin of the car's roof, triggered by sensors in the footwells of the driver and passenger seats, and linked to a linear-amplification transmission aerial. Red and black color-coded wiring connecting the components ran through the body of the one-year-old vehicle. The 20-30 watt output device was powered by rechargeable batteries connected to the car's electrical system. Digitally enhanced conversations were transmitted, via the 24 Navstar GPS satellite system, which is owned and operated by the US Department of Defense, to Menwith Hill, the joint GCHQ/National Security Agency (NSA) ground station near Harrowgate, in Yorkshire, and forwarded to an MI5 base near City Hall, in central Belfast. (Intelligence, N. 110, 17 January 2000, p. 17) To subscribe (free), send "subscribe int-free" to majordomo@blythe.org http://www.blythe.org/Intelligence (Macartney)

CIA AND SECRECY. Washington Post columnist Vernon Loeb discusses secrecy in his Jan 24 "IntelligencCIA" on-line column. He begins by quoting an AFIO member: "Arthur Hulnick begins his recent essay on openness in intelligence with a CIA proverb: The secret of our success is the secret of our success." "Which is to say that Hulnick, a lecturer on intelligence at Boston University and a retired 30-year CIA official, thinks CIA Director George Tenet has succeeded in striking the right balance between putting a positive face on the agency and protecting sources and methods. ( Macartney) http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A12373-2000Jan21.html

REMOTE ACCESSING OF LOS ALAMOS COMPUTER. On numerous occasions in 1994, someone at UCLA used Wen Ho Lee's password to enter Los Alamos National Laboratory's computer system via the Internet. Lee's attorneys say it was his daughter, Alberta, playing a computer game. But federal prosecutors, who are continuing to investigate the log-ins, are not so sure. They are trying to determine whether someone else at UCLA may have gained access to the nuclear secrets that Lee transferred from the classified, highly secure computer network at Los Alamos to a less secure, unclassified network. Meanwhile, Eugene Habiger, who was hired as the department's "security czar" after the uproar over alleged Chinese espionage at the research labs, said he is "99.5 percent confident" that America's nuclear secrets are protected from cyber-espionage. And, finally, there Canadian press reports about China having also stolen Canada's nuclear secrets. ( Macartney)

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/2000-01/24/047l-012400-idx.html

http://www.cnn.com/2000/US/01/26/nuclear.security.ap/index.html

http://famulus.msnbc.com/famulusIntl/reuters01-24-091713.asp?reg=PACRIM

SECURITY CLEARANCE BACKLOG. USA Today (Jan 24) reports that Congress is concerned over a backlog of some 700,000 security clearance investigations in DOD. (Macartney)

NEW ENCRYPTION EXPORT RULES. The ACLU, EPIC and other critics say the new rules don't ease restrictions far enough. (-Macartney)

http://www.epic.org/crypto/export_controls/joint_release_1_00.html

http://www.epic.org/crypto/export_controls/regs_1_00.html

INTELINK. The book, TOP SECRET INTRANET, by NSA retiree Fredrick Martin has a promotional internet site that is an alleged partial replica of an actual (classified) government INTELINK site. http://www.topsecretnet.com/intelink/ (Macartney)


SECTION III -- BOOKS AND RELATED MATTERS

MICHAEL LIND, "VIETNAM: THE NECESSARY WAR," Free Press, 1999, 314 pp. "This provocative book is certain to raise emotions. .... He places the war's center of gravity in American public opinion rather than in the population of South Vietnam or the North Vietnamese army. In doing so, he can be blunt, as when he claims that members of the Western left who made excuses for the North Vietnamese land-reform terror were "apologists for state-sponsored genocide." One of his conclusions is that if the United States is to continue to be the dominant world power, "then American soldiers must learn to swim in quagmires." --Macartney

http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/2000-01/23/004l-012300-idx.html

NATIONAL SECURITY ARCHIVES ELECTRONIC BRIEFING BOOKS. The National Security Archive is a non-profit organization located at George Washington University in Washington, DC. It employs a number of researchers plus interns, sends a blizzard of Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, and obtains and publishes formerly classified documents as well as well researched studies on national security. http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/ JEFFREY RICHELSON, author of "The US Intelligence Community, (4th ed, 1999) and many other books on intelligence, has several "Electronic Briefing Books" about intelligence posted on the Archive website, including a new one on NSA. Richelson's papers are very well done and contain a great deal of information. "The National Security Agency Declassified" (2000)

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB23/index.html "US Espionage and Intelligence: Organization, Operations, and Management, 1947-1996" (1997)

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/publications/ie/index.html "US Satellite Imagery, 1960-1999" (1999)

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB13/index.html "US Intelligence Community: Organization, Operations and Management: 1947-1989" (1990)

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/publications/ic/intelligence_com.html

http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nsa/publications/DOC_readers/readers.html

(Macartney)

THE BLACK BOOK OF COMMUNISM: CRIMES, TERROR, REPRESSION, by Stephane Courtois, Nicolas Werth, Jean-Louis Panne, Andrzej Paczkowski, Karel Bartosek and Jean Louis Margolin, Translated from the French by Jonathan Murphy and Mark Kramer, Harvard U Press, 1999, 858 pp. Published in 1997 by French liberals, this controversial book both catalogs the crimes of communist regimes and blasts French leftists, like Jean-Paul Sartre, who were apologists for communism. In a "...provocative introduction, Courtois asks why the total of almost 100 million killed [by communist regimes] should arouse so much less indignation in the Western academic world than "the approximately 25 million victims of the Nazis." --Macartney

http://washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/WPlate/2000-01/23/003l-012300-idx.html

SIMON SINGH, "THE CODE BOOK: The Evolution of Secrecy from Mary, Queen of Scots to Quantum Cryptography," Doubleday, 1999. "It would be harder to imagine a clearer or more fascinating presentation of cryptology and decryptology than nonspecialists will get in this book." -- NY Times, Richard Bernstein (Macartney)

JOHN HUGHES-WILSON, MILITARY INTELLIGENCE BLUNDERS, Carrol & Graff, NY, 1999. "Colonel John Hughes-Wilson, a retired British intelligence officer, .... demonstrates that most "intelligence failures" stem from the failure of politicians and seasoned generals alike to understand and appreciate fully the value of crucial intelligence information. Hughes-Wilson shows how, for one instance, American bureaucratic bungling and inter-service rivalries collaborated with the Japanese in their devastating attack on Pearl Harbor, .... another, the Viet Cong's Tet Offensive of 1968." --Macartney

INTELLIGENCE IN THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. From the very beginning of the war, a complex network of spies, double agents, and traitors began to emerge in an effort to learn the plans of the enemy before they were enacted. AFIO Member George Aster alerted us to this virtual exhibit at the University of Michigan Clements Library which provides an amazingly complete look at the everyday intelligence operations of both the British and American armies. --Macartney http://www.si.umich.edu/spies/index-about.html

NEW BOOK ON CHINA'S ARMED FORCES posted on the US Army War College web page. The chapters in this on-line volume were developed from papers prepared for the eighth in a series of conferences on the People's Liberation Army (PLA). The people at the conferences were recognized experts on armed forces and security matters in China drawn from academe, government, the military, and policy think tanks. --Macartney http://carlisle-www.army.mil/usassi/ssipubs/pubs99/chinese/chinese.htm

GEORGE WASHINGTON, SPYMASTER. "Without his brilliance at espionage the Revolution could not have been won." Article by Thomas Fleming in the Feb/Mar edition of AMERICAN HERITAGE (unfortunately the article is available only in the print edition.) --Macartney http://www.americanheritage.com/current/

VIDEO ON ESPIONAGE THREAT. The FBI's National Counterintelligence Center (NACIC) is offering an 18 minute training video entitled "Solar Sunrise: Dawn of a New Threat." The new video highlights a 1998 FBI/NIPC computer hacker investigation involving assaults on military computer systems across the country. Copies of the video are available for purchase for $12. --Macartney http://www.nacic.gov/solar.html

SECRETS OF THE SUPER SNOOPERS. Internet ad for a book that allegedly tells private investigators how to find out "any secret" and "procure otherwise 'unavailable' information. Whether it is simple like an unlisted phone number, or (slightly more difficult) a copy of someone's phone bill, or (harder still), their bank account records, or (harder still) the contents of their safe deposit boxes." --Macartney

http://www.angelfire.com/oh/grudgereport/secrets.html

TEXT OF SENATOR JESSE HELMS SPEECH TO UN. The fiery and conservative Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, addressed the UN Security Council on January 20. Referring to US arrears in payments to the UN, Helms said that "many Americans reject the suggestion that their country is a deadbeat nation." He then went on to assert that the US provided $10.2 billion on the UN in 1999, counting $1.4 billion in assessments and some $8.8 billion spent by the Pentagon in UN-related operations. --Macartney http://www.nytimes.com/library/world/global/012100helms-text.html

GENERAL WESLEY CLARK MAY WRITE BOOK ABOUT KOSOVO. GEN Wesley Clark, USCINCEUR, will retire this year and is considering writing a book about the Kosovo air war he commanded last year. Clark clashed with NATO and Washington leaders at the time. --Macartney (US News & WR, Jan 31)

JIHAD IN CHECHNYA. Website gives the Chechnyan rebels' view. Among other things, it blames US and Israel for the ongoing and brutal Russian offensive in Chechnya. --Macartney http://www.qoqaz.net/index.html

AIR FORCE REPORT REGARDING 1947 "ROSWELL INCIDENT." http://www.af.mil/lib/roswell.html --Macartney

TV PROGRAMS. --Macartney TLC 28 Jan - 8pm Spying Game Tools of the Trade TLC 28 Jan - 9pm Spying Game Cloak & Dagger TLC 28 Jan - 10pm Spying Game To Catch a Spy Repeats at 11pm, midnight & am.


WIN excerpts, commentaries and critiques are based on open sources and written by the Producer/ Editor (Roy Jonkers) and the two associate editors (RADM (ret )Don Harvey and Dr. John Macartney), for AFIO members and subscribers. All opinions expressed are those of the authors alone. Each of the editors is a former intelligence professional with a perspective based on 30 to 50 years of intelligence collection, analysis, operations, leadership and teaching experience. Professor Robert Heibel (FBI ret) and other AFIO members (such as George Dothyl, Clark Griffith, Tom Hart, Ed Milligan, Chip Beck and Dr. Kiracoffe) also contribute articles or reference material.

WINS are produced for AFIO members and for WIN subscribers. WINS for 1998 and 1999 are stored on the AFIO Website at www.afio.com . The AFIO site contains a keyword search engine to facilitate research.

Current WINs are stored on the Website after a two-month delay to encourage interested individuals to subscribe or to support AFIO objectives by membership. See AFIO website www.afio.com for membership and subscription information. 

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