Weekly Intelligence Notes #26-00
2 July 2000


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SECTION I - CURRENT INTELLIGENCE

YUGOSLAVIA CAMPAIGN (continued) - In a demonstration that the US war against the Serbs is not merely conducted at the discreet level (the continued murders and ethnic cleansing of Serbs from Kosovo) or the clandestine operations level (various activities in Montenegro and Serbia proper, occasionally surfacing in the press), the US envoy to the UN, Richard Holbrooke, is campaigning to dislodge the state of Yugoslavia from the United Nations. The reason given is that Yugoslavia ceased to exist in 1990. That was, of course, the time period that US policy and strategy uncharacteristically promoted Yugoslavia's dissolution into tribal parts, with the concomitant objective of reducing the Serbs to the smallest possible ethnic territory by keeping Tito's established provincial borders -- strategies similar to those previously pursued by the murderous Nazis (and their Croatian and Muslim allies) and to some extent by the communists. The current idea is that Serbia must re-apply as a newly independent state or leave the UN. That move would make it easier to paper over and renege on our previous commitment to keep Kosovo as part of Yugoslavia and to give plausible cover to our overt strategy and covert tactics of detaching Montenegro from Serbia. The Serbs must (or will) learn they cannot win, at least in the short term, against the US superpower and our superior political, military, economic, intelligence and covert warfare capabilities and whatever policies our government decides to pursue in the period of Pax Americana. (Wash Post 24 Jun 00, p. A18) (Jonkers)

PHILIP AGEE IN BUSINESS IN CUBA - former CIA employee Philip Agee has opened a travel business for American tourists in Cuba. Agee, who quit the CIA in 1969 after 12 years with the Agency, is known as a renegade who published "Inside the Company: A CIA Diary" in 1975, not merely criticizing the war against communists and left-wing elements in Latin America, but also committing the treachery of including a 22 page list of purported Agency personnel. One of those named, Richard Welch, was killed by leftists in Athens in the same year as the book was published. Agee's US passport was revoked in 1979, for the reason that he had threatened national security. After years of living in Germany, Agee now resides in Havana, where he has opened a new business -- a travel website designed to bring American tourists to the Cuba. Agee has been accused of receiving up to $1 million from the Cuban intelligence service, according to Cuban intelligence officers who defected in 1992. (Philadelphia Inquirer, 24Jun00, Nicole Winfield) (Jonkers)

SECTION II - CONTEXT AND PRECEDENCE

SOVIET SPY IMPACTED US INTELLIGENCE BEFORE KOREAN WAR
-- A Soviet spy working in military security crippled U.S. intelligence gathering in the critical period prior to the Korean War, according to a newly declassified National Security Agency report on cryptology. The report identifies William Weisband, described as a linguist recruited by Soviet intelligence in the 1930s, as causing "perhaps the most significant intelligence loss in U.S. history." The NSA report charges that Weisband alerted the Soviets to extensive US eavesdropping in 1948. The result was a complete blackout of information from the communist bloc for more than two years.
Weisband, who lived in Fairfax, Va. and died in 1967, was never charged with spying, although he was removed from the Armed Forces Security Agency ( the NSA's predecessor), and spent a year in prison for refusing to cooperate with a grand jury. This son of Russian immigrants is believed to have passed to the Soviets information about U.S. ability to decipher their messages, which greatly hampered US monitoring of the communist bloc after World War II. "In rapid succession, every one of (the) cipher systems went dark," the report said. "This dreary situation continued up to the Korean War, denying American policymakers access to vital decrypts in this critical period." (D. Briscoe, Assoc.Press 29Jun00)
(<http://www.nsa.gov/korea/korea_sigint.html>) (courtesy L. Sulc) (Jonkers) .

KOREAN WAR MEMORIES- - At 4 a.m. a tremendous artillery barrage hits the 1st Division of the Republic of Korea Army on the western end and other ROK outposts along the 38th Parallel that divides North and South Korea. The invasion of South Korea by the North Korean Peoples' Army had begun. Some 1 million Koreans and 36,000 Americans would die there between June 25, 1950, and July 27, 1953.
The division between north and south Korea was adopted after being recommended by the Russians on the European model, so they could accept surrender of Japanese forces north of the 38th Parallel and Americans would do the same below the line. American troops were stationed in Korea after World War II, but unlike in Europe, all troops were pulled out by 1948. Only a small US military assistance group headquarters remained. South Koreans were left to create their own armed forces, largely using equipment left behind by U.S. forces, while the Soviets were busy arming the North Koreans.
In 1950, Secretary of State Dean Acheson omitted Korea from the list of critical international zones in which American forces could possibly be expected to fight. Stalin was led to believe, based on his own intelligence, that the US would not go to war over South Korea and approved the venture requested by the North Koreans. US decisionmakers did not have good signals intelligence (see article above).
When the North Koreans attacked, their army outnumbered the ROK Army by 135,000 to 98,000. They also had many tanks, artillery and aircraft -- as well as an impressive number of communist sympathizers working as a fifth column in the south. The South Koreans had mostly rifles and light artillery
The North Koreans believed they would reach the southern tip of the peninsula in a very short time. However, the undermanned and underarmed ROK forces manage to delay the NKPA long enough for the United States and other countries to enter the war.
A UN resolution called for a withdrawal of North Korean forces and supervision of the cease-fire order. It also urged all countries "to render every assistance to the UN in the execution of this resolution." The U.S. used this UN call for assistance as a reason to begin sending arms and, eventually troops, to South Korea, along with the UK and other US allies.
The Department of Defense will sponsor a four-year observance of the Korean War - the forgotten war (but not by the tens of thousands of veterans who served there, or by this editor, who was involved in this one, too). (Jim Caldwell, Army News Service)
<
http://www.dtic.mil/armylink/news/Jun2000/a20000620korea50yrs.html>
The primary references for the column are both published by Facts on File, Inc., New York -- the annual "Facts on File" for 1950-53 and "Korean War Almanac," by (the late) Col. Harry G. Summers Jr., 1990.
(courtesy Carl Griffith) (Jonkers)

PRESIDENTIAL UNIT CITATION FOR WWII JAPANESE-AMERICAN INTELLIGENCE SOLDIERS -- The Presidential Unit Citation has been awarded to the U.S. Army's Military Intelligence Service, a World War II unit composed of Japanese-American soldiers who provided critical intelligence support to the war in the Pacific. "The Presidential Unit Citation is the best way we can honor the thousands of MIS members who served with rare skill and courage in World War II, but whose wartime contributions have never received appropriate credit because their services were cloaked in secrecy," Army Secretary Caldera said. "I hope that with this award, the MIS will at last begin to receive the recognition that they deserve, and that more of our citizens will appreciate the valuable service they rendered in the war against tyranny." General Eric K. Shinseki, Army Chief of Staff, presented the award to former members of the unit during a ceremony June 30 in Monterey, California.
The War Department established the Military Intelligence Service Language School, the forerunner of today's Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center, in November 1941. The MIS Language School eventually trained over 6,000 linguists, most of Japanese-American heritage. These US-born second-generation Japanese-Americans, commonly known as "Nisei," were assigned to US combat units throughout the world, primarily in the Pacific theater, supporting US forces with critical intelligence skills such as interpretation, translation and interrogation.
Among its many contributions to the Allied victory, the MIS is credited with providing information that enabled US forces to shoot down hundreds of Japanese aircraft during the Battle of the Philippine Sea and translating documents for the Manhattan Project, the U.S. program to develop an atomic bomb. Maj. Gen. Charles Willoughby, Gen. Douglas MacArthur's chief of staff for intelligence, said the MIS's contributions "saved countless lives and shortened the war by two years."
In spite of their significant contributions to the Allied victory in World War II, members of the MIS were formerly ineligible for unit decorations because they were attached to other units instead of being officially assigned to those units. The MIS was never deployed as a unit. Rather, its members were attached to other field units to provide critical intelligence capabilities. Many of these members received individual awards for heroism.
Congress passed legislation in November 1997 (Public Law 105-85, Section 576, "Eligibility of Certain World War II Military Organizations for Award of Unit Decorations"), authored by U.S. Senator Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii), that permitted the Army to consider the MIS for a unit decoration. Following a review of the MIS's wartime service, Caldera, acting on President Clinton's behalf, approved the award of the Presidential Unit Citation.
The Army recently recognized 22 other Japanese-American soldiers with the Medal of Honor during a ceremony at the White House June 21. Recognition overdue.
<
http://www.dtic.mil/armylink/news/Jun2000/r20000630mispressrelease.html> <armylinknews_sender@DTIC.MIL>
Release 55-00, June 30) (courtesy Carl Griffith) (Jonkers)

SECTION III - CYBER INTELLIGENCE

EU CLAIMS US DATA PROTECTION PATENTS CONTAIN LOOPHOLES - US administration officials had no immediate response to a European Parliament committee's opinion that US online data protection patents contain various loopholes. This sudden hint of turbulence in gaining European Union support for international data protection arrangements throws into jeopardy the 'Safe Harbor' plan that would allow data transfers between the EU and US.(Levine 29Jun00 <rlevine@popd.ix.netcom.com>)
<
http://www.newsbytes.com/pubNews/00/151422.html> (Jonkers)

INTERPOL TO OFFER BUSINESS CRIME INFORMATION --
Interpol has reportedly agreed to provide some criminal intelligence data to a commercial Website to assist businesses to defend themselves against global crime, according to Atomic Tangerine, an independent U.S. venture consulting firm running the Website. Interpol, an organization that reaches 178 national police forces, was said to have agreed to pass on to the AT Website relevant information about international hacking, stolen goods, fraud and other dangers to corporate health.
In addition, Interpol also runs an excellent website of their own. Your first stop should be the "About" section which provides a complete organizational description including the staffing members and nationality. As with all law enforcement agencies, and specifically on the international level, cooperation and efficiency, is at times, difficult, Interpol's answer to this problem is defined in Part 5 of the "About" Section.
(Interpol web site :<http://193.123.144.14/interpol-pr/index2.htm>
courtesy Emerson Cooper) (also Levine 29 Jun00 <http://www.mercurycenter.com/svtech/news/breaking/merc/docs/015636.htm> ) (Jonkers)

INTELLIGENCE VERSUS PRIVACY -- Concerns that U.S. intelligence agencies are spying on ordinary American citizens could cause Nixon-era protections to be augmented for the Internet age. As more information (and mal-information) surfaces about Echelon, a secret program to monitor foreign civil communications, policy analysts and legislators have become increasingly worried that such operations have been used, or could be used, to place Americans under surveillance. Echelon is run by the United States, in cooperation with the United Kingdom, Australia and New Zealand. The end result could strengthened U.S. laws that cover operations such as Echelon to protect citizens' communications from being caught up in a comprehensive electronic intelligence collection net. (Levine 29Jun00) (Jonkers)
<http://www.zdnet.com:80/zdnn/stories/news/0,4586,2596561,00.html>

SECTION IV - BOOKS AND OTHER SOURCES

MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty's Secret Intelligence Service, by Stephen Dorril, Free Press, May 2000, 880pp. M16, Britain's Secret Intelligence Service, is one of the great information-gathering organizations of the world, internationally renowned as the employer of the mythical but emblematic James Bond. Yet it has remained one of the nation's most elusive organizations. Its head, Richard Dearlove, is virtually unknown -- a contemporary photograph has never appeared in the press -- and even its true budget is not made public. There is no legal "right to know" what is undertaken abroad in the name of Britain's security, what it costs or how it is run. In the past, any dissident reports of its operations were effectively quashed. To write about M16 risks harassment and prosecution, as former members and current commentators know to their cost, and the organization has remained veiled from scrutiny. Its inside story has never been told. Until now. Stephen Dorril, a meticulous observer and chronicler of the security services, provides a full fifty-year history for the first time, offering the most complete portrait ever of M16's motives and character and, crucially, what it has done and where it has been most influential. 
(<
http://www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/0743203798/ref=sim_books/002-0200195-3664015>) (Macartney)

PINKERTON PAPERS DONATED TO LIBRARY OF CONGRESS -- Some 100 boxes and 195 binders containing manuscripts of Allan Pinkerton, a key Civil War intelligence figure, were donated to the Library of Congress to celebrate the library's 200th anniversary, and Pinkerton's 150th. Allan Pinkerton, the Central Illinois Railroad's security agent, befriended the company's lawyer, Abraham Lincoln, in 1860. When Lincoln was elected President, Pinkerton saved his life. Lincoln was on the way to his inauguration in March 1861, when Pinkerton discovered a scheme to capture and assassinate him near Baltimore. Pinkerton changed the train's itinerary, and the President was inaugurated. Pinkerton went on to conduct an intelligence service for General McClellan -- with a reputation for consistently over-estimating the strength of Confederate forces. After the war, the Pinkerton Agency flourished. They were successful because of their reputation for integrity. The police were corrupt in the second half of the 19th century, and Pinkertons were scrupulous in returning recovered property. In 1884 Pinkerton passed the agency on to his sons. Pinkerton Inc. is presently a member of the Securitas Group of Stockholm, and said to be worth $1.5 billion. (Sarah Booth Conboy, Wash Post 3 Jul00, p. C2) (Jonkers)

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Commentary and opinions included are those of the WIN Producer/ Editor Roy Jonkers or the Associate Editors (RADM (ret) Don Harvey or Professor (ret) John Macartney), or the contributor listed in the tagline.

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