AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #06-18 dated 6 February 2018

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - Jobs and Obituaries

Jobs

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors:  pjk, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
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Last two days to register for this nearly sold-out event

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AFIO National Luncheon Features Toni Hiley and Steve Coll

Friday, 9 February 2018
Tysons, VA

   
Toni Hiley, CIA Museum Director
Center for the Study of Intelligence
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and
Steve Coll, author/journalist
on his reviewer-praised forthcoming book debuting at event
 
DIRECTORATE S: The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001-2016
   
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Liza Mundy discusses
CODE GIRLS - American Women Who Cracked the German and Japanese Codes to Help Win WWII

at the Spring Cryptologic Program by the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation (NCMF).

14 March 2018 - 10 am - 1 pm (lunch follows) - Annapolis Junction, MD

Liza Mundy at NCMF March 14 EventThe NCMF kickoff event for 2018 features award-winning Liza Mundy discussing "Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II."
Liza Mundy, a former staff writer for the Washington Post.

LOCATION: CACI Inc., Maryland Conference Center, 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20755 [Google map link here]

REGISTER NOW: Fee, includes lunch, is $25 for members and guests. Mail check to "NCMF, PO Box 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755" or register online here. Further details are here or feel free to call the NCMF office at 301-688-5436. A PDF-format flyer describing event is here.


Books of the Week

Facts and FearsFacts and Fears: Hard Truths from a Life in Intelligence
by James R. Clapper and Trey Brown
(Viking, May 2018)

When he stepped down in January 2017 as the fourth Director of National Intelligence, James Clapper had been President Obama's senior intelligence advisor for six and a half years, longer than his three predecessors combined. He led the IC through the raid on bin Laden, the Benghazi attack, the leaks of Edward Snowden, and Russia's possible influence operations on the 2016 US election.

In this forthcoming book, Clapper traces his career through five decades of intelligence operations, the growing threat of cyberattacks, his relationships with presidents and Congress, and his certainty of the truth about Russia's role in the presidential election. He describes, in the wake of Snowden and WikiLeaks, his efforts to make intelligence more transparent and to push back against the suspicion that Americans' private lives are subject to surveillance. Clapper also reviews questions as, "is intelligence ethical?" "Is it moral to use human sources to learn secrets, to intercept communications, to take pictures of closed societies from orbit?" "What are the limits of what we should be allowed to do?" "What protections should we give to private citizens of the world, not to mention our fellow Americans?" "Is there a time that intelligence officers can lose credibility as unbiased reporters of hard truths by asserting themselves into policy decisions?"
Book may be preordered here.


A Higher Loyalty: Truth, Lies, and Leadership
A Higher Loyaltyby James Comey
(Flatiron Books, May 2018)

Fired former FBI director James Comey shares his experiences from high-stakes situations of his two decade career in USG, exploring what good, ethical leadership looks like, and how it drives sound decisions. Comey, an Obama appointee, served as FBI Director from 2013 to 2017. He previously served as US Attorney for the Southern District of NY, and the US Deputy Attorney General in the George W. Bush administration. From prosecuting the mafia and Martha Stewart to helping change the Bush administration's policies on torture and electronic surveillance, culminating in his responsibility for dispassionately overseeing the Hillary Clinton e-mail investigation during an election year, as well as his views of claims of ties between the Trump campaign and Russia, Comey's involvement has been intense in some of the most consequential cases and policies of recent months.

Book may be preordered here.



Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Russian Spy Chiefs Met in Washington with CIA Director to Discuss Counterterrorism.  Two top Russian spy chiefs traveled to Washington last week to discuss counterterrorism issues with CIA Director Mike Pompeo, but the unusual visit also raised concerns among some U.S. officials that Moscow could interpret the encounter as a sign the Trump administration is willing to move beyond the issue of election interference, current and former U.S. intelligence officials said.

Pompeo met with Sergey Naryshkin, the head of Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service or SVR, and Alexander Bortnikov, who runs the FSB, which is the main successor to the Soviet-era security service the KGB.

The head of Russia's military intelligence, the GRU, also came to Washington, though it is not clear he met with Pompeo.

A senior U.S. intelligence official based in Moscow was also called back to Washington for the meeting with the CIA chief, said a person familiar with the events, who, like others, spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the sensitive meeting.  [Read More:  Harris/washingtonpost/31Jan2018]

Nigeria Intelligence Agency Director-General Was Indicted For Sexually Exploiting Sierra Leonean Woman.  Fresh facts have emerged showing that Mr.  Rufai Abubakar, the new Director-General of the National Intelligence Agency (NIA), was found guilty of sexual misconduct for which he almost lost his job at the United Nations.  According to a colleague, who met Mr. Abubakar in 2005 while serving with the African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS), Mr. Abubakar's service records are blighted by various acts misconduct.
 
In 2012, said the former colleague, a case of sexual exploitation was established against Mr. when he impregnated one Miss Blanche Munah Hyde, a Sierra Leonean and staff of the Political Affairs Department of United Nations African Union Hybrid Operations in Darfur (UNAMID) in Darfur, which AMIS transmuted to after it was taken over by the UN.

The Sierra Leonean was eventually delivered of a baby girl. Mr. Abubakar, said the source, accepted responsibility for the baby as well as made a promise to marry the mother. According to the source, he was on the verge of being sacked from his UN job but was saved by the intervention of Mr. Babagana Kingibe, the then Head of AMIS; and Mr. Zakari Ibrahim.

Mr. Abubakar was said to have been brought by Mr. Kingibe to head the Political Affairs Department. He was said to have been disliked by Nigerian military officers and their civilian counterparts, who served with him on the peacekeeping mission in Darfur.  [Read More:  saharareporters/5Feb2018]

Power Struggle Inside Egyptian Intelligence Agency Favours Al-Sisi.  The new Chief of Egypt's Intelligence Agency, Abbas Kamel, has ousted seven senior officials fearing that they would work to undermine the efforts of President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi to stand for a new term in office, Thenewkhalij.org revealed on Friday.

The seven officers are said to have been allied with former intelligence boss Khalid Fawzi, who was ousted on 18 January for unknown reasons. However, it is believed that Fawzi and his ex-colleagues were accused of having links with the campaign of the former Egyptian Chief of Staff, Sami Anan, who has been imprisoned after announcing his plan to stand against Al-Sisi in the presidential election.

Kamel is said to be Al-Sisi's "secret keeper" and the most loyal of senior officers in the Egyptian military. That seems to be why he has been entrusted to lead the Intelligence Agency so that the president's back can be covered during the election.

He was the head of Al-Sisi's office when the latter was Minister of Defence and he stayed in the position post-coup. Along with Al-Sisi, Kamel believes that Fawzi was responsible for the series of audio leaks through which he noted that he did not trust the Intelligence Agency.  [Read More:  middleeastmonitor/3Feb2018]

Canada Assumes Chair of Military Intelligence Committee.  Canada assumed the chair of NATO's Military Intelligence Committee from Belgium on Wednesday 24 January 2018. A handover ceremony took place in the premises of the Joint Delegation of Canada to NATO in Brussels.

Rear-Admiral Scott Bishop, Canadian Navy, will serve as Chairman. He said: "Canada is truly honoured to chair the NATO Military Intelligence Committee together with the Joint Intelligence and Security Division (JISD), and our team is dedicated to the successful attainment of Alliance objectives. I want to thank Lieutenant-General Testelmans for his personal commitment to NATO Intelligence and the outstanding efforts that Belgium exerted in supporting NATO through 2017."

"There is no doubt that NATO Intelligence has positively transformed following the creation of the JISD and through the leadership of General Testelmans and Assistant Secretary General Freytag von Loringhoven. As the new MIC Chair, we intend to build on the great work accomplished by Belgium, and our team at Canadian Forces Intelligence Command is prepared to build on their accomplishments and to continue the successful attainment of NATO objectives with our Co-Chair, ASG Freytag von Loringhoven, and his staff," he concluded.  [Read More:  nato/24Jan2018]

German Intelligence Part of Secret Anti-Terror Unit Targeting Returning IS Fighters - Report.  Germany's intelligence agency, the Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND),  has been taking part in a secretive US-led anti-terror operation known as "Gallant Phoenix," which targets European jihadis returning home from Syria and Iraq.

According to a report in German weekly Der Spiegel on Saturday, the BND joined the secret operation back in October.

Led by a US Joint Special Operations Command center in Jordan, Gallant Phoenix collects intelligence on fighters who fought for the likes of the so-called "Islamic State" (IS) and other Islamist militia groups. Relevant information includes documents, data, DNA traces and fingerprints that have been retrieved from former IS strongholds.

Twenty-one countries are reportedly part of the operation.  [Read More:  Martin/dw/3Feb2018]

North Korea's Berlin Embassy Used to Acquire Nuclear Tech, Says Spy Chief.  Germany's domestic intelligence agency chief has claimed North Korea has been acquiring equipment and technology for its nuclear and weapons programmes through its Berlin embassy.

"We have noticed that so many procurement activities have taken place from the embassy," said Hans-Georg Maassen, head of the Bundesamt f|r Verfassungsschutz (BfV), or Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution.

"From our point of view, they were for the missile programme but also partly for the nuclear programme," Maassen added in an interview with German public television channel ARD, to be aired on Monday.

Extracts of the interview were published on Saturday.  [Read More:  Agence France-Presse/theguardian/3Feb2018]

Trump Expected to Tap Army Cyber Warfare Chief to Lead NSA.  President Donald Trump is expected to pick Lt. Gen. Paul Nakasone, the head of the Army's digital warfare branch, to head the clandestine National Security Agency, according to multiple people on and off Capitol Hill and in the Pentagon with knowledge of the situation.

The NSA is looking for a new leader after its current director, Adm. Mike Rogers, announced he will retire this spring, ending a near four-year run.

Picking Nakasone - who took the reins at Army Cyber Command in late 2016 - would place someone deeply versed in cyberspace operations atop the country's premier intelligence-gathering service. As NSA head, Nakasone would also lead U.S. Cyber Command, the Pentagon's digital warfare organization.

It's unclear when the administration might formally announce the choice, but it's believed the announcement could come in the next week or two, which means the Senate Armed Services Committee would hold a confirmation hearing in early March. The Senate Intelligence Committee may also hold a hearing, given the job's heavy surveillance focus.  [Read More:  Matishak/politico/30Jan2018]

Sudan and Egypt FMs and Spy Chiefs to Meet on Thursday.  Egypt's Foreign Ministry said the Egyptian and Sudanese Foreign Ministers and heads of intelligence services of the two countries will meet on Thursday in Cairo to discuss bilateral relations and regional issues of common interest.

In a statement issued on Sunday, Egypt's Foreign Ministry spokesperson, Ahmed Abu Zeid, said the meeting "takes place under the directives of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and President Omar al-Bashir after their last meeting on the sidelines of the African Union Summit in Addis Ababa".

He pointed out that the two leaders agreed "to establish a quadripartite consultation mechanism between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and the intelligence services of both states in order to promote solidarity and cooperation between the two brotherly countries".

"The meeting will include bilateral talks at the level of the Foreign Ministers, as well as between the heads of the two intelligence services, and then they will hold quadripartite talks followed by a press conference by the two Foreign Ministers," he added.  [Read More:  sudantribune/5Feb2018]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

How the U.S. is Using Terrorists' Smartphones and Laptops to Defeat Them.  Smartphones helped terror organizations grow and communicate. Now the devices are contributing to their downfall.

In a nondescript, highly secured building in this Washington suburb, a group of U.S. government technicians and linguists are downloading massive amounts of data from phones, hard drives, CDs and other devices, providing a huge boost to the U.S. intelligence community as it hunts terrorists.

Many of the devices have been captured from battlefields in Iraq and Syria, where the Islamic State has lost virtually all the territory it captured in 2014.

"This is the future," Kolleen Yacoub, director of the National Media Exploitation Center, told USA TODAY in a rare interview at the center's headquarters.  [Read More:  Michaels/usatoday/31Jan2018]

French Official Details Intelligence-Sharing Relationship with Five Eyes.  French officials are regularly attending meetings in the United States' capital to share information with the Five Eyes intelligence group, reflecting a capability to gather and exchange high-value data, according to French Air Force Col. Cyril, of the French DRM military intelligence agency.

"There was a realization that we have intelligence which counts," he said at a Monday briefing of a French defense journalists association. Cyril gave only his first name at the request of Air Force Gen. Jean-Frangois Ferlet, head of the DRM.

Those committee meetings consist of the "Five Eyes plus France," Cyril said, referring to Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand and the U.S., who are in an allied partnership that routinely exchanges intelligence.

France joined that high-level group about a year ago, reflecting a strengthening of ties between Paris and Washington since 2013-2014, he said.  [Read More:  Tran/defensenews/5Feb2018]

Did Codebreakers Crack This Mysterious Medieval Manuscript?  A pair of Canadian codebreakers may have deciphered a 600-year-old book that has been baffling cryptologists for centuries. But, more likely, they probably haven't.

In a study published in the journal Transactions of the Association of Computational Linguistics, computing scientists from the University of Alberta used an algorithm to try to decode parts of the Voynich Manuscript, a medieval book written in an undecipherable code with an unknown language.

But other scholars are skeptical, and the manuscript remains a document very much shrouded in mystery.

What's the Voynich Manuscript?  The Voynich Manuscript is likely what cryptologists call a cipher, or a coded pattern of letters. Written in Central Europe in the 15th century, the book is slightly larger than a modern paperback and contains 246 fragile pages of bound vellum, or script-ready animal skin. It doesn't include an index but likely had foldouts that have long since gone missing. There are gaps in the page numbers and evidence that it could have been rebound at some point, so the order of the pages today may be different than they were when the book was published.  [Read More:  Zachos/nationalgeographic/1Feb2018]

How the Spies Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Fitbit.  When researchers last weekend noticed that a private company had published a global heat map of people running and walking around, based on data uploaded from its fitness application, the news sparked renewed debate in the U.S. national security community about rules governing wearable devices that transmit data.

What wasn't disclosed by the intelligence and military officials reacting to the news is that the debate over whether fitness trackers should be allowed in sensitive spaces, particularly in intelligence outposts, has raged on for years. And many employees did in fact gain the right to wear certain types of trackers, even in the most sensitive locations.

However, that decision has consistently led to internal disagreement. In some cases, military and intelligence officials have wide discretion over where and when their employees can use those devices.

"We are aware of the potential impacts of devices that collect and report personal and locational data, such as information contained in the Strava heat map' recently reported in the press," a current U.S. intelligence official wrote in an email to Foreign Policy. "The use of personal fitness and similar devices by individuals engaged in U.S. Government support is determined and directed by each agency and department."  [Read More:  McLaughlin/foreignpolicy/1Feb2018]

Putin, Power and Poison: Russia's Elite FSB Spy Club.  FSB. The letters are not just familiar to fans of spy thrillers. They have come to symbolise Vladimir Putin's grip on power in Russia.

Russia's secretive security agency has gained notoriety around the world with its intelligence and counter-terror operations.

But with roots in the Soviet Union's KGB secret police, allegations of state-sanctioned killings and close ties to the president, it faces questions about its true nature and ambitions.

What does the FSB do?  Counter-terrorism and counter-espionage.  [Read More:  bbc/3Feb2018]

Wippl Interviewed for Journal Article on Intelligence Studies.  Joseph Wippl, Professor of the Practice of International Relations at the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University, was recently interviewed for a a journal article on the importance of intelligence studies in higher education.

Wippl was interviewed for an article entitled "To Hear the Grass Grow: A Conversation With Former CIA Operations Officer Joseph Wippl," in the Journal for Intelligence, Propaganda, and Security Studies.  [Read More:  bu/1Feb2018]

How Switzerland Hopes to Shut Down Foreign Spies.  Switzerland's reputation as international hub for espionage has been bolstered in recent years with foreign intelligence services using locations around the country to exchange sensitive political, economic and military information.

"The Federal Intelligence Service (FIS) is aware that Switzerland is also a venue for third-country meetings," agency spokesperson Isabelle Graber told national daily NZZ recently, referring to encounters between agent controllers and agents of two different foreign countries on Swiss soil.

Graber said the reasons for this phenomenon include the country's central location, its infrastructure, its status as a Schengen nation and its high levels of public security. She also noted that the presence of large numbers of tourists and business travellers meant members of the intelligence community could go unnoticed. In addition, the relative scarcity of law enforcement controls played a role.

"The number of third-country meetings has continued to rise in the last few years. This includes everyone from security agency employees to freelancers," said one source who asked not to be named. Meanwhile, another unnamed source said "the market in secret information has exploded" leading to an increase in the number of meetings aimed at the exchange of information and payment.  [Read More:  thelocal/5Feb2018]

West Virginia Intelligence/Fusion Center Staying Ahead of Next Threat. High above the congested traffic on Kanawha Boulevard, across the river from the state Capitol, Scott Pauley helps manage a team of eight intelligence analysts constantly searching for the next potential threat.

Pauley is deputy director of the West Virginia Intelligence/Fusion Center located inside the old Columbia Gas Building in Charleston. The highly secure facility is a single point of contact allowing information to flow - whether it's from the federal level or what Pauley calls the "boots on the ground."

"These are the police officers, local law enforcement and the everyday folks out developing cases," Pauley said.

Fusion centers were born from the ashes of 9/11, charged with a universal mission to bring the national security and intelligence-gathering mentality to local law enforcement. The West Virginia facility is one of 79 across the nation, with bigger states like California and Texas having multiple centers.  [Read More:  Dahlia/wvnews/4Feb2018]

FBI Memo Fight Puts Fresh Spotlight on Controversial Surveillance Law.  The battle between the White House, FBI and Congress over a classified GOP memo alleging misconduct by bureau officials again pushes into the spotlight a hotly debated law governing how the government uses its most invasive surveillance powers.

The law, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, allows authorities to secretly obtain permission to covertly gather intelligence on suspected spies or terrorists on U.S. soil. Republicans say FBI officials acted improperly when they sought a court's approval under the law to spy on a former campaign adviser to President Donald Trump, and they want to release a classified memo they wrote on the subject.

The national security community and privacy advocates have long battled over the law, with Republicans and Democrats alike often criticizing aspects of FISA. But the latest controversy has played out along purely political lines.

Republicans' memo, according to people who've seen it, claims the bureau inappropriately used a controversial dossier on alleged ties between Trump and Russians to get permission to spy on the ex-Trump aide, Carter Page. The FBI said Wednesday the memo contains "material omissions of fact," and Democrats say it mischaracterizes classified intelligence to make its point.  [Read More:  Meyer, Gerstein/politico/1Feb2018]

A Secret History of Israeli Assassinations.  Modern espionage literature is rife with authors who once plied the spy trade. Ian Fleming invented James Bond after his World War II service as a British naval intelligence officer. David Cornwell, better known as John Le Carri, was still working for MI6 when he penned his first espionage thriller, The Spy Who Came in From the Cold. And former CIA operations officer Jason Matthew's experience dodging Russian KGB surveillance teams in Moscow deeply informs his Red Sparrow trilogy.

Then there is the veteran Israeli espionage journalist Ronen Bergman, who has taken a slightly different angle into the shadow world of spies, counterspies and assassinations. Drafted into the Israeli Defense Forces in 1990, Bergman spent three years recruiting and handling informants for the army's criminal investigative division, where he burrowed into military corruption, drug trafficking, arms dealing and other crimes. The skills he learned there have served him well as Israel's premier chronicler of the country's principal spy services - the Mossad (Israel's CIA), Shin Bet its (internal security organ) and Aman (military intelligence).

"I think that the training and experience with the recruitment and running of live agents, whoever they are...gives you [insights into] their situations...and their mindset," he said during an interview to promote his latest and much anticipated book, Rise Up and Kill: The Secret History of Israel's Targeted Assassinations.

Like most Israeli men, Bergman, 45, still serves in the army reserves and is obligated by law to do so until he reaches the age of 51. But there's no cross-pollination between his military service and his reporting on Israeli intelligence, he says: "I do not report about things that I do, and I'm not involved in anything that is connected to what I am reporting about. There's a total separation of these two worlds."  [Read More:  Stein/newsweek/2Feb2018]



Section III - COMMENTARY

Will Intelligence Agencies Stop Confiding to Congress?  Top intelligence and law enforcement officials warn that last week's release of a congressional memo alleging FBI surveillance abuse could have wide-ranging repercussions: Spy agencies could start sharing less information with Congress, weakening oversight. Lawmakers will try to declassify more intelligence for political gain. Confidential informants will worry about being outed on Capitol Hill.

The GOP-produced memo released last week contends that when the FBI asked a secret court for a warrant to do surveillance on a former associate in then-candidate Donald Trump's campaign, the bureau relied too heavily on a dossier compiled by an ex-British spy whose opposition research was funded by Democrats.

Critics accuse Rep. Devin Nunes, R-Calif., of abusing his power as chairman of the House intelligence committee to do the president's bidding and undermine the investigation into whether any Trump campaign associates colluded with Russian during the 2016 election. His office rebuts that claim, saying the real abuse of power was using unverified information bought and paid for by one political campaign to justify government surveillance of former Trump campaign foreign policy adviser Carter Page.

This isn't the first time intelligence has been politicized. Both Democrats and Republicans used the release of the so-called torture report in late 2015 outlining the CIA's detention and interrogation program as political ammunition. In the 1960s, while intelligence agencies warned that the Vietnam War was being lost, the White House was telling the public the opposite. During the George W. Bush administration, cherry-picked intelligence about Iraqi weapons of mass destruction fueled momentum for the U.S. invasion of Iraq.  [Read More:  Riechmann/wvnstv/5Feb2018]

Size Doesn't Matter for Spies Anymore.  From the Brits to the Australians, everyone wants to say they were the ones to tip off the Americans about Russian hacking. Now, the Dutch say their hackers hacked the hackers of Russia's Cozy Bear network. Such claims are impossible to corroborate, and it's only fair that they be greeted, at least in part, with skepticism.

But this competition to claim credit does reveal a new reality in this era of cyberespionage: Size no longer matters in the intelligence world.  If you're smart and lucky, even a small country like the Netherlands can now make an outsized impact on a small budget.

Consider the article in a Dutch newspaper that describes how a team of that country's cyberspies hacked into Cozy Bear's systems back in 2014. This Russian team, also known as APT29, has been active since 2010 in breaking into networks across the West, from the Democratic National Committee to the Pentagon. From their headquarters in the small city of Zoetermeer in western Holland, however, the Dutch were able to watch its operations, even warning the National Security Agency when the Russians were trying to break into the State Department's computers.

There are some grounds for caution. The Dutch apparently believe Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service is behind Cozy Bear, whereas most others link it with the Federal Security Service. The claim that it was working out of a "university building next to the Red Square" - presumably the Moscow State University journalism department building at 9 Mokhovaya St. - is also surprising to say the least. As with so many such accounts, relying as they do on anonymous insider sources, it is always hard to distinguish between fact, spin, interpretation, and disinformation there to protect operational security or just make a political case.  [Read More:  Galeotti/foreignpolicy/31Jan2018]

U-2 Versus Global Hawk: Why Drones Aren't Always The Best Solution For Warfighters.  Unmanned aircraft ("drones") have captured the popular imagination. Hardly a day goes by without a story appearing somewhere about how unmanned aircraft will revolutionize everything from commercial logistics to air combat.

It's a seductive idea, and probably true to some extent. In the unforgiving world of military planners, though, what matters most is how the available options for conducting missions perform today, not what might unfold tomorrow. One such mission is intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance -- what the military calls ISR. Detailed, timely information about tactical conditions is indispensable in deterring or defeating enemies, so much of contemporary military debate revolves around how best to collect, analyze and share such information.

The U.S. Air Force has been struggling of late to determine whether manned or unmanned aircraft are best suited to generating useful intelligence on the modern battlefield. Its two most capable options are the manned U-2S spy plane, which traces its lineage to the early days of the Cold War, and the Global Hawk unmanned aircraft -- by far the most capable intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance drone in the world.

At its inception 20 years ago, Global Hawk was viewed as the coming thing, the epitome of military transformation in the digital age. U-2, on the other hand, was viewed as a vestige of an earlier era in warfighting -- very good at what it did, but destined to be eclipsed by high-flying drones that could stay aloft much longer.  [Read More:  Thompson/forbes/5Feb2018]



Section IV - Jobs and Obituaries

Jobs

Three Reston, Virginia-based Intelligence Community jobs from FireEye

Job Title: Senior Program Manager - Services Engineering Company for FireEye, Inc.

Experience: 5 to 7 years; Location: Reston, VA

Owns and manages the process to move projects and milestones from a backlog into active development; Owns the status and communication of status for all active and committed projects and milestones; communicates these statuses to various stakeholder groups across FireEye; Owns and manages the standards, tools and metrics for...more info here.

Job Title: Tech Writer, Sr (Temporary) Company: FireEye, Inc. Experience: 7 to 10 years; Location: Reston, VA

As a senior technical writer, you are expected to perform the following functions: Support documentation releases for new products as well as updates for existing products according to company standards, quality, and style guidelines. Address customer support requests and questions within the documentation. Plan, research, d...more info here.

Job Title: Principal Support Engineer, Named Accounts for FireEye, Inc. Experience: 10 to 20 years; Location: Reston, VA

Serve as first contact for technical support issues and work through the resolution. Lead escalation response. Drive elimination of any customer or internal bottlenecks impeding problem resolution. Develop ongoing relationship with customer and become their advocate. Provide proactive guidance and encourage adoption and ...more info here.


Obituaries

Robert Kaye Barrett, 92, former NSA linguist, cryptologist, and analyst, died 20 January 2018 in St. Michaels, MD Bob served in WWII as a ball-turret gunner on B-17s, flying 20 missions over Germany, France, and Czechoslovakia. After the war, he earned a master's degree in German and Latin from the University of Michigan. He joined NSA as an intelligence analyst and cryptologist and was an outstanding linguist in both German and Russian. He was presented the Meritorious Civilian Service Award honoring his outstanding service with the agency. He retired in 1984. He was a lifelong and proud member of the Phoenix Society. Bob enjoyed ballroom dancing, tennis, chess, and most of all, sailing. The family spent many hours sailing the Chesapeake Bay on their boat "Aeolus" and twice sailed to the Bahamas for the winter. Bob served a term as Commodore of the Sailing Club of the Chesapeake, and in 2000 he received the Ralph H. Wiley Award. He also loved to travel around the world and experience new places and cultures. Later in life, he became an avid ham radio operator and ran a network to support troops stationed overseas. He also joined the local St. Andrews Society and enjoyed the fellowship of his "kinsmen." A lifelong Episcopalian, he served at Christ Church in various positions and also wrote monthly reviews of religious books for the newsletter. He is survived by his wife of 67 years, Marilyn (Lynn) Joyce Kniebes Barrett; two sons and a daughter, and other family.

Theodore M. Hannah, 90, a former NSA inspector and linguist, died 21 January 2018 in Rockville, MD. Ted grew up in Seattle, WA where radio and electronics sparked his imagination. Near the end of WWII, he enlisted in the US Navy and served as a radio operator on Guam. Later, during the Korean War, he served on Adak Island in the Aleutians. At the University of Washington, he majored in Russian and Russian Area Studies. He moved to Maryland in 1957 to join the National Security Agency where he worked for 33 years as a Russian linguist, an inspector in the Inspector General's Office, and as a writer and researcher in cryptologic history. He retired in 1987. Avocationally he was active as an amateur radio operator for nearly 70 years. His callsign was K3CL. He also collected and restored antique radios, sharing this passion and creating lifelong friendships through the Mid-Atlantic Antique Radio Club. In his retirement Ted travelled on some epic journeys, most notably a cruise aboard a Russian icebreaker to the North Pole. He also began a second career as a volunteer at Holy Cross Hospital, working 10-12hr shifts in the Emergency Room assisting/comforting patients. He served in this volunteer post for 25 years, amassing some 32,000 hours of volunteer service. A devoted Episcopalian of the Good Shepherd Church, he served as an usher until shortly before his death. His faith sustained him through a rare form of skull cancer he suffered over 15 years ago. The colorful headwraps Ted wore to cover the disfigurement became something of a fashion statement. He is survived by a close friend, Faye Foote, as well as a son and three daughters.

Charles Soren Iversen, 97, a former US Army Intelligence Officer and Judge Advocate, died 27 January 2018 in Potomac, MD. He moved from MA to Washington DC in 1930 where he completed his early schooling. In 1943 he was graduated from Princeton University and enlisted in the US Army. Charlie was commissioned as an Field Artillery Officer and joined the Military Intelligence Service as he was shipped to London, England for the start of WWII. He landed on Utah Beach, Normandy with the Army's 5th Infantry Division in June of 1944, and earned five Battle Stars for his service in the war. After the war, he remained with Military Intelligence and was assigned as an interpreter to a War Crimes Investigation Team in Bavaria where he investigated murders committed by enemy combatants and civilians. Charlie returned to the States in November 1945, and while in reserve, attained a JD and an LLB from Georgetown University. He served as a Judge Advocate until 1950, when he resigned his commission and moved into private practice. He was very active in the Masonic Order where he was Past Grand Master of Masons in DC and was a dedicated Freemason. He served the Masons for 70 years. Iversen was a member and leader of dozens of other Masonic organizations and bodies, including the Scottish Rite, York Rite, Shrine, Royal Order of Scotland, Tall Cedars of Lebanon, the Grotto and the Order of the Eastern Star. He was also an active member of the First Church of Christ, Scientist, Rotary International and several clubs in the DC area. He traveled the world on behalf of these organizations and touched the lives of countless men and women with his generosity, keen intelligence and sharp wit. He is survived by a daughter, and other family.

Mary Elizabeth (Phillips) Matuszewski, 50, a former Senior CIA Operations Officer, died in Great Falls, VA on 24 January 2018 of acute myeloid leukemia. She was an avid adventurer, loving mother, wife, daughter, sister, and lifelong patriot. She grew up in Lake Jackson, TX and was graduated from Texas A&M University with a degree in Mechanical Engineering. She joined CIA where she served 29 years as a senior Operation Officer in the Directorate of Operations and Directorate of Science and Technology with experience in Latin America, Europe, and South Asia. During her career she received multiple awards for extraordinary contributions including three CIA Meritorious Unit Citations. Survivors include her husband, Andrew Matuszewski, three sons, and other family.



Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

9 February 2018 - Tysons, VA - First AFIO luncheon of 2018 features Toni Hiley, CIA Museum Director, and Steve Coll, author/journalist, on The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan

Register now for AFIO National's first luncheon of 2018. Toni Hiley, CIA Museum Director, Center for the Study of Intelligence speaks in the morning. Followed by lunch, and then a presentation by Steve Coll, author/journalist, on his reviewer-praised forthcoming book debuting at event, DIRECTORATE S: The CIA and America's Secret Wars in Afghanistan and Pakistan, 2001-2016.
Times: 10 am badge pickup; Hiley speaks at 11; lunch at noon; Coll at 1; event closes at 2.
Register here while space remains.

Friday, 9 February 2018, 1-2.15 pm - Westchester, CA - AFIO Los Angeles Chapter holds Business/Election Meeting

Key Points To Cover will be:  Chapter Officers Election;  Treasurer's Annual Business Report;  Bylaws Review;  Upcoming Guest Speakers;  Chapter Outreach Efforts, and  Open Discussion.
Location: Alejo's Italian Restaurant 8343 Lincoln Blvd, Westchester, CA 90045
Lunch Served-No Cost to Active Members
RSVP: No later than February 7, 2018 (Wed)
Email your attendance/reservation: AFIO_LA@Yahoo.com.

Saturday, 10 February 2018, 11:30-2 - Melbourne, FL - The AFIO Florida Satellite Chapter hears from Professor Scott Tilley on "Big Data and Predictive Analytics: Who Watches the Watchers?"

Florida Institute of Technology professor and regular Florida Today columnist Scott Tilley will address the current big data landscape, provide an overview of some of the tools available to manage massive datasets, and discuss some of the possible impacts of big data and predictive analytics on businesses and society at large in the coming years.

For further information and to register to attend meeting, contact FSC Chapter President at afiofsc@afio.com.

Tuesday, 13 February 2018, noon - MacDill AFB, FL - LCDR Don Barber discusses "Cyber deterrence, risk, and intelligence in the military" at this Florida Suncoast AFIO Chapter meeting.

LCDR Don Barber discusses "Cyber deterrence, risk, and intelligence in the military" at this Florida Suncoast AFIO Chapter meeting. The program is starts at noon.
Fee: $20 by check or cash at the door.
Reservations: Arrangements for base access for those without military ID must be made by Tuesday, 6 February, by contacting the Chapter Secretary, michaels@suncoastafio.org.
Location: MacDill AFB Surf's Edge Club, 7315 Bayshore Blvd, MacDill AFB, FL 33621.

Saturday, 17 February 2018, 2 pm - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine hosts Khary Stringer on "The Crucial Role of Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) in National Security."

The topic at this AFIO Maine post-lunch event will be the crucial role of geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) in national security, and the program will be led by Khary Stringer, a veteran imagery analyst. Geospatial intelligence provides minutely detailed geophysical descriptions of the Earth - on, below and above its surface - drawn from data gathered by a variety of sources, including orbiting satellites, remote sensors, aircraft, ships, cartography, human sources and other intelligence disciplines. Stringer is a geospatial intelligence officer with over 17 years of military and civilian experience. Recently he was at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) as a strategy advisor. Before that he served overseas with the NGA in Europeon and African operations and as an imagery analyst aboard the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. He is currently a national security fellow at the Harvard University School of Government. AFIO National held a joint symposium in 2017 with NGA, so this is an appropriate follow-on to that multi-day event.
Program location: Brick Store Museum's Program Center, 4 Dane St, Kennebunk, Maine.
No RSVP or fee required. Please attend.


Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

Wednesday, 14 February 2018, 6pm - Washington, DC - Lips, Locks, and Body Language: Valentine's Day Spy Style - at the International Spy Museum

You may be in love with the shape of your partner but do you know what their body is saying to you? This Valentine's Day deceptive analysis expert Lena Sisco wants to help you become fluent in body language. She will reveal how to spot hidden emotions in facial expressions, how to tell if someone's body language is open or closed, and why it's important to read. She'll tell you about the body's three power zones ... for romance you might want to pay particular attention to one of these. Also she can show you the best way to convey that you're interested, not interested, or really, really interested. Sisco is a former military intelligence officer and interrogator and author of You're Lying! She'll help you take control of a suggestive situation, even if it means interrogating the one you love or want to love!

Before the talk begins at 7, enjoy a complimentary cocktail, sweet treats, have your lip print analyzed, and pick up a few basic lock picking skills that can come in handy for handcuffs! Adult material - 18 and older strictly enforced.

Tickets for the general public: $35 per person; Members: $25.
Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Thursday, 15 February 2018, 6:30 - 8 pm - Alexandria, VA - RADM Brett Heimbigner, USN discussing "Working Within Join Staff J3 (Operations)" at NIP Third Thursday Social.

You are invited to Naval Intelligence Professionals No-Host Social featuring RADM Brett Heimbigner, USN discussing "Working Within Join Staff J3 (Operations)."
RADM Heimbigner currently serves as Deputy Director for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Operations, Joint Staff J-32/ Director, Joint ISR Operations Center.
Location: Sonoma Cellar 207 King St, Alexandria, VA 22314
All NIP members and non-members welcome! No RSVP Required. Dress: Smart Casual. Cash bar with wine, beer, non-alcoholic beverages, and an excellent food menu!

20 February 2018 - McLean, VA - David Des Roches on "The Push and Pull of Religious Extremism" at this DIF Luncheon

The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts David Des Roches speaking on "The Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists and How Are They Recruited." Des Roches is Associate Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Security Studies at National Defense University.
Time: Check-in starts at 1130; lunch at 1200. Late comers will be served last.
Location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA.
Cost: $30 per person online using credit card. You also may pay at the door with exact cash or a check made to DIAA, Inc. DIAA cannot take credit or debit cards at the door.
RSVP: Make reservations by email to diforum@diaalumni.org.

Thursday, 22 February 2018, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Breaking Cover: An Evening with Michele Rigby Assad - at the International Spy Museum

Working undercover, Michele Rigby Assad has operated in some of the most treacherous areas throughout the Middle East. Trained as a CIA counterterrorism specialist, Assad served her country for ten years, leading some of the most highly skilled operatives on the planet. The threats were real. The missions were perilous and the hazards of leading a double life in Iraq and other secret Middle Eastern locations were enormous. Now with her new book, Breaking Cover, she is able to share her covert life and the opportunities it presented to her, from protecting US national security to assisting people persecuted for their religious beliefs. Join Assad for a discussion of her former double life and the dramatic experiences that life in the CIA's directorate of operations offered her.

Pre-registered guests will be entered into a drawing to experience the Spy Museum's immersive adventure Operation Spy with Assad before the program on the 22nd. Winners will be able to bring one guest each. Breaking Cover will be available for sale and signing at the event.

Tickets for the general public: $15 per person; Members: $10.
Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Saturday, 24 February 2018, 11am - noon - Washington, DC - The Magic of Spying: Tradecraft Trickery - at the International Spy Museum

In the real-life world of espionage, spies often call upon the art of magic and illusion to distract the enemy, make evidence disappear, and escape unnoticed. Join professional magician, Peter Wood, as he demonstrates the art of misdirection, sleight of hand, and other illusions used by skilled spies. This one of a kind performance, custom-designed for the Spy Museum, is guaranteed to fascinate children and adults alike.
Ages: 7 and up* (one adult required for every five KidSpy agents).

Space is limited - advance registration required. Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $9. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Wednesday, 28 February 2018 - Washington, DC - "The New Cold War?: The State of US-Russia Relations & Unconventional Threats to US Security" - a symposium at Georgetown University Law School.

The Journal of National Security Law & Policy annual symposium theme is "The New Cold War?: The State of U.S.-Russia Relations & Unconventional Threats to U.S. Security."

In addition to the following three panels, the symposium will also feature a lunchtime keynote speech by Laura Kennedy, former Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs under the George W. Bush Administration.
Panel 1: Foreign Ties in the National Security Context:
The Politics & Policies of Disclosure; Panelists will provide an overview of disclosure laws through the lenses of the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) and the security clearance process. Panelists will explore questions including: (1) What precisely are FARA and the SF-86's reporting requirements? and (2) What are the legal ramifications for failing to register as a foreign agent or disclose foreign contacts on the SF-86?
Panel 2: The Russian Cyber Threat; Panelists will discuss the growing threat posed by Russian hackers and whether the current international legal regime governing cyberattacks adequately safeguards against the Russian cyber threat, and if it does not, what reforms are needed to mitigate this threat.
Panel 3: Russian State Organized Crime; Panelists will explore the dangers posed by Russian state organized crime being invested in the U.S. economy and businesses, how state-sponsored organized crime is different from regular organized crime, and how the techniques used to combat them are the same, and how they are different. A reception will follow, and additional details will be announced soon. RSVP for the symposium here.

14 March 2018 - 10 am - 1 pm (lunch follows) - Annapolis Junction, MD - Liza Mundy discusses CODE GIRLS - American Women Who Cracked the German and Japanese Codes to Help Win WWII at the Spring Cryptologic Program by the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation (NCMF).

The NCMF kickoff event for 2018 features award-winning Liza Mundy discussing "Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II."
As the US headed to war in 1941, two things became clear: victory depended on successful code-breaking and they didn't have enough people working on it. The solution: recruit women for cryptanalysis. Tens of thousands of women  mostly college students and teachers with an affinity for math, science, and foreign languages  answered the call for top-secret work as codebreakers. Their efforts shortened the war, saved countless lives, and gave them access to real careers; however, strict secrecy nearly erased them from history...until now. Mundy provides a riveting account of American courage, service, and scientific accomplishment.
Liza Mundy, a former staff writer for the Washington Post, is author of four books and has won many awards. She holds an AB from Princeton and an MA in English literature from UVA. She lives a mile from Arlington Hall, where the Army code-breaking women worked.

LOCATION: CACI Inc., Maryland Conference Center, 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20755 [Google map link here]

REGISTER NOW: Fee, includes lunch, is $25 for members and guests. Mail check to "NCMF, PO Box 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755" or register online here. Further details are here or feel free to call the NCMF office at 301-688-5436. A PDF-format flyer describing event is here.

4-7 April 2018 - San Francisco, CA - ISA2018: The International Studies Association (ISA) 59th Annual Convention includes an Intelligence Studies Section with a exceptional program.

The Intelligence Studies Section content (4 straight days, 30 panels and roundtables) is one small part of ISA's much larger conference. The full conference program is almost 300 pages; find details at the full conference website here. The Intelligence Studies Section (ISS) is one of thirty thematic sections that make up the ISA, has approximately 350 members, and has been sponsoring research about intelligence as a function of government since the mid-1980s. Additional information on the ISS can be found here.
If you have questions about the ISS program, contact the Section Chair: Stephen Marrin at marrinsp@jmu.edu or spm8p@yahoo.com
The updated program of Intelligence Studies Section panels at ISA2018 is here. Scan down that page to be dazzled by the number of presenters and breadth of intelligence and national security topics. This is a must attend conference.

22 - 25 April 2018 - Tampa, FL - USGIF GEOINT 2018 Symposium on "Driving Data to Decisions and Actions."

Always a phenomenal event in number of panels, quality (fame) of speakers, and hundreds of latest tech exhibits. This is the GEOINT version of the dazzling Consumer Electronics Show...

Hear from senior defense and intelligence leaders such as NGA Director Robert Cardillo and USDI Joseph Kernan in keynotes, panels, and presentations.
Learn from 52 hours of professional development, training, and education sessions with PDUs and CEUs.
See the latest in technology, services, and solutions from 200+ exhibitors in more than 100,000 sq ft of exhibit space.
Networking with more than 4,000 GEOINT Community professionals from 40 countries spanning defense, intelligence, homeland security, industry, and academia.

Learn more about the GEOINT Symposium here
Or register now and start planning on your trip to GEOINT 2018 in Tampa.


Gift Suggestions:

AFIO's Guide to the Study of IntelligenceAFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson, Editor, also makes a good gift. View authors and table of contents here.

Perfect for professors, students, those considering careers in intelligence, and current/former officers seeking to see what changes are taking place across a wide spectrum of intelligence disciplines.

AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.

For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
To order for shipment to a US-based CONUS address, use this online form,

To order multiple copies or for purchases going to AK, HI, other US territories, or other countries call our office at 703-790-0320 or send email to afio@afio.com to hear of shipment fees.

Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.

...ORDER HERE from AFIO.

The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.

MousepadAFIO's 2017 Intelligence Community Mousepads are a great looking addition to your desk...or as a gift for others..
Made in USA. Click image for larger view.

These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order NEW MOUSEPADS here.

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