AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #07-18 dated 13 February 2018

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CONTENTS

Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Section III - COMMENTARY

Section IV - Jobs and Obituaries

Jobs

Obituaries

Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

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The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
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Liza Mundy discusses
CODE GIRLS - American Women Who Cracked the German and Japanese Codes to Help Win WWII

at the Spring Cryptologic Program by the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation (NCMF).

14 March 2018 - 10 am - 1 pm (lunch follows) - Annapolis Junction, MD

Liza Mundy at NCMF March 14 EventThe NCMF kickoff event for 2018 features award-winning Liza Mundy discussing "Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II."
Liza Mundy, a former staff writer for the Washington Post.

LOCATION: CACI Inc., Maryland Conference Center, 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20755 [Google map link here]

REGISTER NOW: Fee, includes lunch, is $25 for members and guests. Mail check to "NCMF, PO Box 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755" or register online here. Further details are here or feel free to call the NCMF office at 301-688-5436. A PDF-format flyer describing event is here.


Books of the Week

Reasoning for Intelligence AnalystsReasoning for Intelligence Analysts: A Multidimensional Approach of Traits, Techniques, and Targets
by Noel Hendrickson
(Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Mar 2018)

Dr. Hendrickson's book is a very much needed "how-to" for analysts, and their managers, who in this data-rich and tool-driven environment have too often lost the most important analytic skill: the ability to reason clearly. Hendrickson has developed a new vision specifically for the challenges facing intelligence analysis in applying reasoning to intelligence, in particular in futures analysis. This book should become a standard text for course on Logical Argumentation in Intelligence Analysis; I will use it in mine.
-- Barry A. Zulauf Ph.D, Georgetown University Graduate Program in Applied Intelligence

Focusing a philosopher's eye on the challenges inherent in producing effective intelligence analysis in the age of information, Noel Hendrickson has crafted an important work that dissects the process of reasoning and how to apply it to the varying analytical methods currently in use. His study discusses the unique aspects and qualities that go into producing well-reasoned analytical products, and how to develop, refine and present them. Meant for aspiring and veteran analysts, as well as the academic community, this book makes a significant contribution to the growing body of literature about intelligence analysis and methodologies. -- Gregory Moore, Director, Center for Intelligence Studies, Notre Dame College
Book may be preordered here.


Ask A North Korean: Defectors Talk About Their Lives Inside the World's Most Secretive Nation
Ask A North Koreanby Daniel Tudor
(Tuttle Publishing, Mar 2018)

Understanding North Korean Through the Eyes of Defectors. The weekly column "Ask A North Korean," published by NK News, invites readers from around the world to pose questions to North Korean defectors. By way of these interviews, the North Koreans provide authentic firsthand testimonies about what is happening inside the "Hermit Kingdom." North Korean contributors to this book include: "Seong" who came to South Korea after dropping out during his final year of his university. He is now training to be an elementary school teacher. "Kang" who left North Korea in 2005. He now lives in London. "Cheol" who was from South Hamgyeong in North Korea and is now a second-year university student in Seoul. "Park" worked and studied in Pyongyang before defecting to the US in 2011. He is now studying at a US college. Sheds critical light on all aspects of North Korean politics and society and shows that even in the world's most authoritarian regime, life goes on in ways that are very different from what you may think..

"With North Korea once more in the news, this book will enable readers to empathize with a people often forgotten as a result of the bellicosity of their government." — Publishers Weekly

Book may be preordered here.



Section I - INTELLIGENCE HIGHLIGHTS

ICE Wants to Be an Intelligence Agency Under Trump.  Officials at Immigration and Customs Enforcement are actively exploring joining the U.S. Intelligence Community, The Daily Beast has learned.

The effort is helmed by a small cohort of career Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officials, and has been underway since the Obama administration, according to an ICE official familiar with the matter.

Internal advocates for joining the America's spy agencies - known as the Intelligence Community or the IC - focus on the potential benefits to the agency's work on counterproliferation, money laundering, counterterror, and cybercrime. The official added that joining the IC could also be useful for the agency's immigration enforcement work - in particular, their efforts to find and arrest undocumented immigrants with criminal arrest warrants (known in ICE as fugitive aliens).

But civil liberties advocates and government watchdog groups - as well as some current and former U.S. officials - are concerned at the prospect of the nation's immigration enforcers joining the ranks of America's spies.  [Read More:  Woodruff/thedailybeast/7Feb2018]

Intelligence Museum Planned for Loudoun County.  Plans for a museum that celebrates the efforts of American heroes that served in intelligence and special operations have been revealed.

The National Museum of Intelligence and Special Operations is planned as part of a 434-acre mixed use development in Loudoun County.

It is a joint effort of the OSS Society and Georgetown University's Security Studies Program, and it will feature 19,000 square feet of exhibition space dedicated to intelligence and special operations. The OSS Society was founded in 1947 by Gen. William "Wild Bill" Donovan and it was America's first secret intelligence agency.

It's current president, Charles Pinck said: Not just the CIA, but the Green Berets and every component of our intelligence and special operations traces its origins to the OSS. The Navy SEALs started as the OSS Maritime Unit.  [Read More:  hstoday/12Feb2018]

Intelligence Agency Getting Help from the Private Sector.  In a "massive" transformation to the way it handles data, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, NGA, is partnering with professionals in the private sector.

"I know the word 'massive' is overused, but still," NGA director Robert Cardillo said. "We have more data than ever before, and working with people who understand that data will help us exponentially."

The NGA is a part of the U.S. intelligence community and provides geographic data to government policymakers, intelligence professionals, the military and first responders. Cardillo, in a speech at Bass Lecture Hall on Tuesday night, said he has to engage with companies such as Uber and Lyft so the agency can learn their methods of using geospatial data and apply them to their own system.

Geospatial data uses maps and satellites to locate where specific people and things are.  [Read More:  Ritterbush/dailytexanonline/6Feb2018]

Rare Insider Attack Kills 16 Afghan Intelligence Operatives in Helmand.  Officials in Afghanistan say four operatives of the national intelligence agency have gunned down their 16 colleagues before fleeing to join the Taliban insurgency in the southern Helmand province.

The rare overnight "insider" attack took place at a facility linked to the National Directorate of Security or NDS in the Gerishk district, security sources told VOA Sunday.

Omar Zawak, the provincial government spokesman, confirmed the incident saying the Taliban also assaulted the NDS Center while the insider attack was under way, sparking fierce clashes with Afghan security guards.

Zawak said both sides suffered heavy casualties but would not give further details.  [Read More:  Gul/voanews/11Feb2018]

Journalists Don't Grasp Extent of Foreign Spying: Ex-Intelligence Chief.  The national security establishment believes the media doesn't appreciate the extent of Chinese, Russian and other nations' intelligence operations in Australia and wants more press coverage of the problem, according to a former senior intelligence official.

Speaking amid a backlash from media companies and journalists towards tough new laws governing intelligence leaks, Ross Babbage, a former head of strategic analysis at the Office of National Assessments, said security officials did not want to limit press freedoms, which they saw as aiding the fight against foreign spy agencies.

"Some of the leading strategic thinkers within government would like to see the Australian media expose some of the incredible operations that certain foreign powers have undertaken, and continue to undertake, in this country," he said.

"There is a sense by most that the best defence against the highly intrusive foreign intelligence, psy-ops and subversion operations undertaken by certain authoritarian powers is the sunshine of free exposure that can best be delivered by a free media."  [Read More:  Patrick/afr/11Feb2018]

German Police Arrest Wannabe Spy in Leipzig.  German authorities arrested a man who offered to work as a spy for three foreign intelligence agencies.

The 27-year-old German, arrested Wednesday in Leipzig, was identified only as Danny GŁnter G, in line with German privacy laws.

Prosecutors did not identify the three secret services the man had applied to.

In his application letters to the three spy agencies, the man wrote that "he was prepared, if recruited, to carry out any activities asked of him," including procurement and disclosure of information.  [Read More:  dw/9Feb2018]

More Russian Cyber Attacks on Elections 'Likely,' Intelligence Chiefs Say.  Russia is likely to pursue more cyber attacks on elections in the United States, U.S. intelligence community leaders said on Tuesday, with just months to go before U.S. congressional and local elections in November.

U.S. spy agencies said last year they had determined Russia used hacking and propaganda in an effort to tilt the 2016 U.S. presidential election in favor of the Republican candidate, Donald Trump. Russia has repeatedly denied this.

At a Senate hearing, Director of National Intelligence Dan Coats said Russia, as well as other foreign entities, were "likely" to pursue more cyber attacks on U.S. and European elections.

"Persistent and disruptive cyber operations will continue against the United States and our European allies using elections as opportunities to undermine democracy," he told the annual Senate Intelligence Committee hearing on worldwide threats.  [Read More:  Zengerle, Chiacu/wnax/13Feb2018]



Section II - CONTEXT & PRECEDENCE

Who is Sudan's New Intelligence Chief, Salah Gosh?  The new appointment of Sudan's intelligence chief Salah Abdallah Gosh may bring a paradigm shift in Khartoum's foreign policy.

Gosh, 62, has been involved in Sudan's intelligence services since the 1980's and is a well know Muslim Brotherhood member during his university's years.

Born in the ancient city of Nuri, 450 km north of Khartoum, Gosh was brought up in the coastal city of Port Sudan. He is a member of the powerful and influential Shaygiyah tribe.

Graduating in 1981 from Khartoum University Gosh was involved in intelligence collection for the Brotherhood movement in Sudan until the 1989 Islamist coup before being appointed as an intelligence officer in the National Intelligence and Security Services in Sudan.  [Read More:  Mustafa/alarabiya/12Feb2018]


Here's The Story Behind A Crazy Spy Swap On Russia's Border.  Artem Zinchenko always looked up to his great-grandfather. He had served in a pair of Soviet units during World War II, so when Russian military intelligence approached Zinchenko, he was more than willing to listen.

Zinchenko was arrested by the Estonian Internal Security Service, known by its Estonian acronym as KAPO, on Jan. 9, 2016, and sentenced to five years in prison that May for spying on Estonia and its NATO allies. On Saturday, he managed to leave prison years ahead of schedule, as part of a prisoner swap between Estonia and Russia.

In a country that has long been a target for Russia's espionage, Zinchenko was the 10th convicted spy in 9 years and the first among them who had been recruited by the GRU, Russia's military intelligence service. His case illustrates how Russian military intelligence relies on family traditions and uses the vast number of former Soviet military personnel still living in or connected with former Soviet countries as a recruiting pool for new spies.

According to the state prosecutor's office, Zinchenko was recruited in 2009 and began spying in Estonia in 2013. His main task was gathering intelligence about the country's military and other critical infrastructure. He also provided information to Russia about the military equipment and movement of NATO troops in the country. Much of the case against Zinchenko is still classified. What little of the verdict against him remains unredacted describes only the sentence and a list of evidence - two laptops, four mobile phones, an external hard drive, and a paper notebook - to be returned to Zinchenko.  [Read More:  Roonemaa, Shandali/buzzfeed/10Feb2018]

Soviet Intelligence Officer Who Saved Krakow from Destruction Marks 101st Birthday.  The Soviet intelligence operative Alexei Botian, whose reconnaissance group saved the Polish city of Krakow from destruction by the retreating Nazi units in spring 1945, marks the 101th birthday on Saturday.

Botian, who holds the title of a Hero of Russia, served as a prototype for the protagonist in the short novel 'Major Vikhr' by the Soviet spy-fiction writer Yulian Semyonov.

"For many Russians, you are a legendary intelligence officer who scored quite a number of combat achievements, including salvation of the refined City of Krakow from destruction by the Nazis," the press bureau of Russia's Foreign Intelligence Service quoted its Director, Sergei Naryshkin.

"It is not a yet another birthday but, rather, the start of a second century of your life and we congratulate you on it today, on the 10th of February," he said in a congratulatory message.  [Read More:  tass/10Feb2018]

Estonian Spies Understand the Russian Threat.  Tiny Estonia's intelligence service would never pay $100,000 to a random Russian for some open-source data, which is what the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency apparently did, according to the New York Times. It's one of the Western world's few spy services with real Russia expertise, owed to its widespread fluency in the language; a deep understanding of the culture; and a relentless focus on its giant, dangerous neighbor.

That makes the Estonian Foreign Intelligence Service's latest annual report required reading for anyone interested in Russia, even if it contains too much wishful thinking on where the nation is headed.

The report is the third such document since 2016. Though the first two reports often simply stated the obvious, they also contained some valuable insights at the time. They explained Russia's extensive use of propaganda and hacking as a sign of its conventional military weakness, not strength. And it keenly doubted President Vladimir Putin's ability to overhaul the economy given that he remains obliged to maintain the corrupt system that sustains his dominance.

The Estonian spy agency, unlike many other Russia watchers, doesn't write off the younger generation increasingly irritated by the Putin system's corruption as symbolized by the lavish lifestyles of senior officials. The report points out that the Kremlin's propaganda monopoly is finding it increasingly difficult to control the narrative in the internet age. And it stresses the strong regional aspect of the growing opposition. Wealth is not spreading evenly throughout the nation's vast territory, to say the least.  [Read More:  Bershidsky/bloomberg/13Feb2018]

In Finland, a Leak, a Fire, and a Massive Expansion of Government Surveillance.  On a Sunday afternoon the week before Christmas, journalist Laura Halminen smashed her laptop with a hammer, causing it to spark and smoke. Her actions set off a chain of events that lead to one of the biggest debates about security and press freedom in Finnish history.

A day before she attacked her computer, Halminen had co-authored a big investigative piece in Finland's largest and oldest newspaper, Helsingin Sanomat. The story was based on highly classified documents about the Finnish Intelligence Research Center - a branch of the military so secret that before this article came out, the Finnish public did not even know what exactly the center really did. According to the article, the center uses signals intelligence to spy on the Russian military.

For years, Finnish journalists had fought in court to get some documents about the center released - and they lost. But Halminen got the documents from a whistleblower, and to protect her source, she took the extreme measure of hammering her laptop into a smoldering mess. 

When Halminen called for help putting out the fire, not only did fire trucks arrive at her Helsinki apartment; so did the police and later, the KRP, which is like Finland's FBI. They suspected Halminen was destroying evidence, so they searched her home, seized her broken laptop, her phone and USB sticks - all without a warrant from a judge.  [Read More:  Shmuluvitz/wmot/12Feb2018]

Decrypting the Cambridge Five.  COMMUNIST toffs spying for Stalin epitomise the decadence of the old British establishment. That is the gist of many of the umpteen books and articles written about Kim Philby, Guy Burgess, Donald Maclean, Anthony Blunt and John Cairncross, the so-called Cambridge spies. Repelled by Britain's passivity in the face of fascism, disgusted by the suffering of the depression years, these gilded, idealistic youths turned to Communism as undergraduates at Britain's most brilliant university. They got away with their treachery because Soviet spycraft was superb, whereas Britain's spycatchers were riddled with snobbery and incompetence.

Richard Davenport-Hines dissects and destroys that conventional wisdom in his masterly retelling of Britain's most notorious intelligence disaster. The received version of events is a neat tale, but wrong in every respect. The five did not represent any particular trend or flaw in the upper reaches of British society. They were not really that aristocratic or posh. Only Burgess was an Etonian. Maclean's mother ran a shop. Cairncross's father was an ironmonger. Nor did they reflect a specific weakness in the British system. Soviet penetration of the American intelligence agencies was far deeper.

Mr Davenport-Hines takes particular issue with an influential essay by John Le Carré, published in 1968, in which the pseudonymous spy novelist (who as the real-life David Cornwell worked in British intelligence) portrayed Burgess, Maclean and Philby as psychological cripples, shaped by family conflicts. Freudian bunk, Mr Davenport-Hines avers. "The ring of five took adult decisions, in an adult environment. It infantilises the significance of their ideas, their acts and their consequences to treat them as programmed by defective parenting." Neither Freud or Marx, he says, explain the treachery. Vanity and alcohol were the main fuel.

Nor was Soviet spycraft brilliant. It was by turns brutal, sloppy, rigid and wasteful. Paranoia rendered much of the espionage pointless - the spymasters in Moscow simply did not believe what their British agents were telling them. Many intelligence officers were purged and murdered for imagined ideological or other failings. It is equally unfair to dismiss MI5, Britain's security service, as one commentator did, as "florid and fruity" in the pre-war years. British counter-intelligence was far more effective than the counterpart efforts in America. Lack of visible results is not necessarily a sign of failure. After all, the main goal of counter-intelligence work is not spectacular prosecutions and convictions. It is finding out what is going on, without letting the other side know.  [Read More:  economist/8Feb2018]



Section III - COMMENTARY

Will Removal of Egypt's Spy Chief Leave Palestinians in a Bind?  Palestinians are still wondering what effect last month's dismissal of the Egyptian intelligence chief will have on them.

Lebanon's Al-Akhbar newspaper reported Jan. 17 that Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi had dismissed the director of the General Intelligence Directorate, Khaled Fawzy, with no explanation and tasked Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Abbas Kamel to run the directorate until a new director is appointed.

The Egyptian media did not run the news of Fawzy's dismissal, reporting only Sisi's decision to appoint Kamel as acting director. But Egyptian parliamentarian Mustafa Bakri, who is close to Sisi, tweeted Jan. 19 that Fawzy was dismissed because his health is deteriorating from an unnamed disease.

As Palestinians watched this delicate Egyptian development, they feared a setback for the Fatah-Hamas reconciliation, as Fawzy had been handling the matter and managed to bring both parties to Cairo to sign the reconciliation agreement Oct. 12.  [Read More:  Abu Amer/al-monitor/12Feb2018]

The Major Flaws in Afghanistan's Intelligence War.  As the dust settles after the latest string of ghastly bombings in Kabul that took nearly 150 lives, including foreigners, the failure to prevent the attacks should be debated through one important prism: fixing the Afghan intelligence.

By any measure, the new wave of violence across Afghanistan is a forceful response by the Taliban - and, arguably, by Pakistan - to President Donald Trump's new Afghanistan strategy, indicating that any American attempt to pressure them is not only ill-advised but it would fail. For Afghanistan, the recent spate of violence signifies important intelligence failures.

The events came amid a new push by the United States to nudge the Taliban to come to the table to negotiate peace, albeit with no results. This follows Trump's public rebuke of Pakistan for its lies, deceit and support to terrorist groups. Since then, Taliban's battlefield tactics have shifted to targeting urban areas and "softer" civilian targets.

The objective is clear: stoke fear through violence, humiliate and erode public confidence in the Afghan government, undercut the morale of Afghan forces, and fuel more tensions among the dysfunctional Afghan political class. For the Taliban, their new tactics have started to bear fruit as Afghans begin to point fingers at their security institutions for failing to protect them.  [Read More:  Ahmad/nationalinterest/12Feb2018]

Doe v. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia.  Nation-state hacking is fashionable: everyone is doing it, and everyone wants a say in its regulation.  Recently, in Doe v. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the D.C. Circuit turned back an effort to hold an intelligence service accountable in tort for one of its intrusions. Confronted with a claim that Ethiopia had deployed malware to monitor a Maryland resident's home computer, the court found the suit barred by the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 (FSIA), which provides "the sole basis for obtaining jurisdiction over a foreign state" in American courts.  The court squarely rejected the plaintiff's effort to invoke in a novel context one of the Act's few limits on immunity, the noncommercial tort exception.  That caveat governs all cases of "personal injury or death, or damage to or loss of property, occurring in the United States and caused by the tortious act or omission of [a] foreign state," though it was drafted with diplomats' traffic accidents foremost in mind.  To an extent, then, the instinct to deny recovery makes good sense; tort is not a counterintelligence regime, and suits like Doe are awkward vehicles for espionage anxieties. But the panel's framework - a cramped understanding of whether the tort occurred in the United States - is an awkward fit in its own right. Doe's spatial analysis is tangled, squares poorly with the text and purpose of the FSIA, and marks a significant twist on precedent. When facing new spying suits, other circuits looking to dismiss should look for other tools.

Kidane (a pseudonym, used here and throughout the suit) was born in Ethiopia but found asylum in the United States in the 1990s.  From his Maryland home, he apparently drew the attention of Ethiopian intelligence by dint of his support for human rights activists in the diaspora.  Among the human rights abuses of which Ethiopia is commonly accused: extralegal surveillance.  From late 2012 through spring 2013, Ethiopia allegedly monitored Kidane via a commercial spyware application - FinSpy - that had infected his home computer.  The program had been delivered in an email forwarded to Kidane, though the message's exact point of origin was a question that remained unclear throughout the litigation.  A 2013 investigation by the University of Toronto's Citizen Lab revealed, however, that the instance of FinSpy on Kidane's device was communicating with a server in Ethiopia.  [Read More:  harvardlawreview/9Feb2018]



Section IV - Jobs and Obituaries

Jobs

Two Alexandria, VA; New York, NY; and Washington, DC-based Intelligence Community jobs from FireEye

Job Title: Manager, Systems Engineering - SLED - FireEye, Inc.

Experience: 10 - 20 years; Location: Alexandria, VA; New York, NY

Ensure effective technical coverage of regional account base. Develop SE skill sets to meet current and emerging sales opportunity needs. Participates with Sr. FireEye Sales Leadership to establish strategic plans and objectives. Partner with Product Management, Customer Support, Marketing and Sales Operation within FireEye...more info here.

Job Title: Consulting Systems Engineer - GSI; Company FireEye, Inc.

Experience: 7 to 20 years; Location: Washington, DC

Provide pre sales assistance for sales opportunities to customers and partners. Including installations, troubleshooting and training of FireEye products. Refine and research technical requirements of the opportunity Define solution options and articulate the benefits of FireEye products Act as an interface between the Sale...more info here.

Obituaries

Clement A. Furey Jr MD, 95, a CIA medical officer during Korean War, died 10 December 2017 in Madison, NJ. Furey graduated from Colgate University and Case Western Reserve Medical School, and served his residency at Columbia Presbyterian Hospital where he continued on the staff in Pediatric Urology for several years after completing his training. He also served his country during the Korean War as a CIA officer in Japan and Korea and was one of the first Agency physicians to serve overseas. Furey practiced medicine as a urologist for 40 years in New Jersey. Dr. Furey was active in the community, having served as President of the Essex Fells Board of Education, and as a member of the Boards of the Morristown YMCA, the Orange YMCA and the Essex Fells Country Club. He was also a Scout Master, having been an Eagle Scout. He is survived by four sons, a daughter, and other family.

Eugene A. "Pat" Hildreth MD, 93, the first CIA doctor on Taiwan (March 1951), and one of the first Western physicians on the island, died 5 January 2018 in Wyomissing, PA. He is featured in the book Raiders of the Chian Coast by Frank Holober. Hildreth received his doctor of medicine degree from the University of Virginia, completed his internship at Johns Hopkins Hospital, and was chief resident at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania. He spent two years in the Navy/CIA serving in the Far East from 1951-1953, where he was the chief medical officer of a M.A.S.H. unit as well as the personal physician for Generalissimo and Madame Chiang Kai-Shek. After his military service, Dr. Hildreth worked at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania as a professor of clinical medicine, the head of allergy and immunology, and special advisor to the dean. Dr. Hildreth want on to a distinguished academic medical career after his military and CIA Service, publishing over 150 articles, editorials, chapters and served as a co-author of the American College of Physicians Manual on Bioethics, 2nd Edition. After retiring from his medical career, was active in forestry conservation. He and his wife, Pat, enjoyed trips to exotic places throughout the world including Tuscany, Turkey, Nepal, Bhutan, Belize and Peru. They also enjoyed relatively nearby getaways and adventures such as canoeing in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness in Minn., and vacationing at Lake Paradox in the Adirondacks of NY. He is survived by two sons and two daughters, and other family.

Tove Reinhardt Holmer, nee Hunderup, 88, a retired CIA desk officer, died 9 February 2018 in Luray, VA. Tove was born to Danish immigrants in the US but grew up on an impoverished farm in central Denmark during the Depression and WWII. Returning to the US in 1946, she earned a secretarial degree and joined the CIA in 1951 as a GS-2. Her employment interview yielded a written comment akin to "Pretty - and can type too." She was soon sent to Copenhagen, around the time the Danish Communist Party split from Moscow, where she worked both as a staff officer and a local hire after she married a Danish man. Putting paid work aside to raise two children from 1960 to '68, she only returned to the Agency in 1976, again as a local hire in Copenhagen. She petitioned the Director of CIA directly to return to a staff position and returned to the US, and a staff job, in 1978 where she worked with Russian defectors. Later she joined EUR Division and served a tour in Rome, during the Dozier kidnapping, before returning to HQS and working as one of the essential "little old ladies" who remembered everything before computers replaced them. One of the low-lights was working two desks over from Aldrich Hazen Ames when he was arrested for espionage on behalf of Russia. After retiring in 1994 she moved to Boone, NC where she painted and studied. She adored her cat, Stella, blue glass and a daily Old Fashioned. She is survived by two children, one of whom also retired from the CIA, and one grandson.

David Hunter, 100, a former OSS Cryptographer and CIA Station Chief, died 16 January 2018 in Eugene, OR. In his youth, David was immersed in photography, radio DXing, and exploring the Pacific Northwest. University studies piqued a lifelong interest in astronomy and cosmology. One of his first jobs was as an elevator operator in Eugene's eight-story "skyscraper." While attending college, he and four other young Lutheran men and women traveled across the country in an unchaperoned automobile, in an era before Interstate highways or franchise motels. They traversed the Midwestern prairies and parts of the rural South, eventually visiting the 1939 World's Fair. David graduated that same year from the University of Oregon with a degree in Business Administration. During WWII, David was drafted into the Army, eventually working his way up the ranks to Lt. Colonel. While assigned to the Signal Corps at Arlington Hall, VA, where he worked in the field of cryptology at the Office of Strategic Services. Post-war, he was recruited by the newly formed CIA, where he worked for 30 years. His assignments included overseas travels, first to West Germany and later to Okinawa where he was CIA Station Chief. David retired in 1976 and purchased a beach house in Fenwick Island, DE. He and his wife, Lucille, enjoyed extensive travel. He remained active well into his nineties, experiencing new places and events. He is survived by three daughers and a son, and other family.

Arvel Dwayne Tharp MD, 82, Director of the CIA Office of Medical Services during the Reagan Administration 1986-87, died 4 December 2017. He was a 1956 graduate of the University of Louisville, where he was a Member of the Navy ROTC. In 1956 Arvel was commissioned in the US Navy and served from 1956 to 1959 on the Battleship USS Iowa, (now a museum in Los Angeles) as the Gunnery Control Officer, and on the Heavy Cruiser USS Newport News. After leaving the Navy he immediately attended the Indiana University School of Medicine in Indianapolis, IN, where he graduated in 1963. He did post graduate training at Los Angeles County General Hospital and Kaiser Hospital in Oakland, CA. Arvel and Millie also served three months in a mission hospital in Miraj, India. Arvel joined the Central Intelligence Agency in 1964 as a medical doctor, where he eventually served as the Director of the Medical Services Office. During his US government career, he lived in Fairfax, VA, as well as overseas assignments in Germany and Greece. In 1990 Arvel retired from the US government and moved to Cerritos, CA to work as a Medical Director for FHP. After FHP, Arvel worked in various clinics, finally serving 15 years at Kaiser Medical Offices Urgent Care in Downey, CA. He is survived by two sons, and other family.

James L. Wilson, former Military Intelligence/CI Officer/Advisor, 51, Chief Warrant Officer, US Army (Ret.), died 2 October 2017 of a pulmonary thromboembolism while on vacation in Sydney, Australia. Jim served in the US Navy as an Intelligence Specialist and watch analyst at the Navy OIC and on the staff of the Commander, US Sixth Fleet. He provided "unique and tailored support" for operations Sharpe Edge and Desert Shield and was honored to serve aboard the USS Belknap and the USS Iowa. Upon separation from the Navy, he attended Southern Utah University and the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He enlisted in the Nevada Army National Guard, earning Troop and Squadron Soldier of the Year honors in 1995. Jim enlisted in the Active Duty Army in 1997. As a Counterintelligence Agent, he served in Germany; was as an Intelligence/Counterintelligence Training Advisor at NTC; and was commissioned by Warrant in 2009. Jim was also a combat lifesaver. His Army career had him deploy to Kuwait, Kosovo, and multiple times to Afghanistan. His final duty position, at Bagram, was as the Task Force Counterintelligence Coordination Authority, responsible for all Counterintelligence operations in Regional Command-South. Jim retired with the rank of Chief Warrant Officer Two, in 2013. At the time of his death, he was providing Counterintelligence guidance to ODNI. Jim was the recipient of the Meritorious Service Medal with Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster, Army Commendation Medal with double Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster, Navy Commendation Medal, and other service awards and decorations. He is survived by his wife, Suzanne, by stepsons and other family.

Frederick Warren Yee, 91, NSA Security Analyst/Interpreter, died 20 January 2018 in Olympia, WA. The Yee family moved to California when Fred was a child. After high school, Fred helped his parents open a restaurant and worked there until his desire to see the world got the best of him. He found work in the merchant marines, as a seaman on a freighter that traveled to exotic places like India and Saudi Arabia. Fred became an Army draftee and fought in the Korean War from 1950 to 1952. He continued to serve his country in the Army reserves until 1956. After military service, Fred proudly continued to serve his country by working for the National Security Agency where he worked as an interpreter and a security analyst for forty years until his 1993 retirement. He had 43 years of cryptologic service. In retirement, the family moved to Olympia, WA where they raised oysters, pheasants, and started the No Nonsense Oyster Farm. As Fred told it, he and his wife, Pat, ate up all of the oysters themselves so there was nothing left to sell. Fred also enjoyed Chinese food (especially hot and sour soup), collecting stamps, coins, and world travel from Alaska to Antarctica. In one memorable trip, they visited the Yee village and the family home in China, which was still standing. He was a longtime Phoenix Society member. He is survived by his wife of 48 years, Patricia Yee, also a Phoenix Society member; two twin daughters, and other family.



Section V - Events

AFIO EDUCATIONAL EVENTS IN COMING TWO MONTHS....

Saturday 17 February 2018, 2 pm - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine hosts Khary Stringer on "The Crucial Role of Geospatial Intelligence (GEOINT) in National Security."

The topic at this AFIO Maine post-lunch event will be the crucial role of geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) in national security, and the program will be led by Khary Stringer, a veteran imagery analyst. Geospatial intelligence provides minutely detailed geophysical descriptions of the Earth - on, below and above its surface - drawn from data gathered by a variety of sources, including orbiting satellites, remote sensors, aircraft, ships, cartography, human sources and other intelligence disciplines. Stringer is a geospatial intelligence officer with over 17 years of military and civilian experience. Recently he was at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) as a strategy advisor. Before that he served overseas with the NGA in Europeon and African operations and as an imagery analyst aboard the USS Dwight D. Eisenhower. He is currently a national security fellow at the Harvard University School of Government. AFIO National held a joint symposium in 2017 with NGA, so this is an appropriate follow-on to that multi-day event.
Program location: Brick Store Museum's Program Center, 4 Dane St, Kennebunk, Maine.
No RSVP or fee required. Please attend.

Thursday, 15 March 2018, 11:30 AM – Colorado Springs - The AFIO Rocky Mountain Chapter hosts General Gene Renuart, discussing "Intelligence: Art Form or Science…How little We Know."

The events of 9/11 and the subsequent operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom will be used to demonstrate that we are failing our national decision makers if we do not find the balance between human and operational intelligence as we assist the National Command Authority.

General Renuart's Air Force career culminated as Commander, NORAD and US Northern Command after nearly 39 years of distinguished service. In this last role, he was responsible for providing for the Homeland Defense and Defense Support to Civilian Authorities for the United States and for partnering with Canada and Mexico in broader security issues for North America. General Renuart served as the Director of Strategy, Policy and Planning (J-5) for the Joint Chiefs of Staff and as Senior Military Assistant to both SECDEFs Rumsfeld and Gates. He was the Director of Operations for General Tom Franks at US Central Command, planning and executing all combat and humanitarian operations in Afghanistan and Iraq immediately following 9/11. He also served for over 12 years in NATO related assignments in the UK, Germany, and Italy. He has flown over 60 combat missions in four different US and Coalition combat operations.

Since retiring and making Colorado his home, General Renuart has served as a senior consultant for a number of global, defense-related corporations and agencies. In 2012, he founded The Renuart Group (TRG), LLC, a defense, homeland security, energy, project management, and leadership consulting firm, based in Colorado Springs. He also serves on many Boards around the nation and locally. Finally, the General serves on the Colorado Springs Mayor's Air Service Task Force.

To sign up or for more information, please contact Tom VanWormer at robsmom@pcisys.net


Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

Wednesday 14 February 2018, 6pm - Washington, DC - Lips, Locks, and Body Language: Valentine's Day Spy Style - at the International Spy Museum

You may be in love with the shape of your partner but do you know what their body is saying to you? This Valentine's Day deceptive analysis expert Lena Sisco wants to help you become fluent in body language. She will reveal how to spot hidden emotions in facial expressions, how to tell if someone's body language is open or closed, and why it's important to read. She'll tell you about the body's three power zones ... for romance you might want to pay particular attention to one of these. Also she can show you the best way to convey that you're interested, not interested, or really, really interested. Sisco is a former military intelligence officer and interrogator and author of You're Lying! She'll help you take control of a suggestive situation, even if it means interrogating the one you love or want to love!

Before the talk begins at 7, enjoy a complimentary cocktail, sweet treats, have your lip print analyzed, and pick up a few basic lock picking skills that can come in handy for handcuffs! Adult material - 18 and older strictly enforced.

Tickets for the general public: $35 per person; Members: $25.
Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Thursday 15 February 2018, 6:30 - 8 pm - Alexandria, VA - RADM Brett Heimbigner, USN discussing "Working Within Join Staff J3 (Operations)" at NIP Third Thursday Social.

You are invited to Naval Intelligence Professionals No-Host Social featuring RADM Brett Heimbigner, USN discussing "Working Within Join Staff J3 (Operations)."
RADM Heimbigner currently serves as Deputy Director for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Operations, Joint Staff J-32/ Director, Joint ISR Operations Center.
Location: Sonoma Cellar 207 King St, Alexandria, VA 22314
All NIP members and non-members welcome! No RSVP Required. Dress: Smart Casual. Cash bar with wine, beer, non-alcoholic beverages, and an excellent food menu!

20 February 2018 - McLean, VA - David Des Roches on "The Push and Pull of Religious Extremism" at this DIF Luncheon

The Defense Intelligence Forum hosts David Des Roches speaking on "The Push and Pull of Religious Extremism: Who Are the Terrorists and How Are They Recruited." Des Roches is Associate Professor at the Near East South Asia Center for Security Studies at National Defense University.
Time: Check-in starts at 1130; lunch at 1200. Late comers will be served last.
Location: Pulcinella Restaurant, 6852 Old Dominion Drive, McLean, VA.
Cost: $30 per person online using credit card. You also may pay at the door with exact cash or a check made to DIAA, Inc. DIAA cannot take credit or debit cards at the door.
RSVP: Make reservations by email to diforum@diaalumni.org.

Wednesday 21 February 2018, 7:30 - 8:45 PM - McLean, VA - "Will the Islamic Republic Last Long Enough to Get a Nuclear Bomb?" - Patrick Clawson at the Westminster Institute

"Will the Islamic Republic Last Long Enough to Get a Nuclear Bomb?" is the topic of Patrick Clawson's presentation at the Westminster Institute. Dr. Patrick Clawson is Morningstar senior fellow and director of research at the Washington Institute, where he directs the Iran Security Initiative, a flagship program focused on assessing the many points of challenge Iran poses to U.S. and Western interest across the Middle East. Widely consulted as an analyst and media commentator, he has authored more than 150 articles about the Middle East and international economics. He is the author or editor of eighteen books or studies on Iran, including Iran's Strategic Intentions and Capabilities, Eternal Iran: Continuity and Chaos and Getting Ready for a Nuclear-Ready Iran. He serves on the board of editors of The Middle East Quarterly.
TIMING: Reception at 7 PM; Presentation from 7:30 PM to 8:45 PM EST
WHERE: Westminster Institute, 6729 Curran St, McLean, VA 22101
COST: There is no fee to attend. Registration, however, is required.
REGISTER here.

Thursday, 22 February 2018, 6:30pm - Washington, DC - Breaking Cover: An Evening with Michele Rigby Assad - at the International Spy Museum

Working undercover, Michele Rigby Assad has operated in some of the most treacherous areas throughout the Middle East. Trained as a CIA counterterrorism specialist, Assad served her country for ten years, leading some of the most highly skilled operatives on the planet. The threats were real. The missions were perilous and the hazards of leading a double life in Iraq and other secret Middle Eastern locations were enormous. Now with her new book, Breaking Cover, she is able to share her covert life and the opportunities it presented to her, from protecting US national security to assisting people persecuted for their religious beliefs. Join Assad for a discussion of her former double life and the dramatic experiences that life in the CIA's directorate of operations offered her.

Pre-registered guests will be entered into a drawing to experience the Spy Museum's immersive adventure Operation Spy with Assad before the program on the 22nd. Winners will be able to bring one guest each. Breaking Cover will be available for sale and signing at the event.

Tickets for the general public: $15 per person; Members: $10.
Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Saturday 24 February 2018, 11am - noon - Washington, DC - The Magic of Spying: Tradecraft Trickery - at the International Spy Museum

In the real-life world of espionage, spies often call upon the art of magic and illusion to distract the enemy, make evidence disappear, and escape unnoticed. Join professional magician, Peter Wood, as he demonstrates the art of misdirection, sleight of hand, and other illusions used by skilled spies. This one of a kind performance, custom-designed for the Spy Museum, is guaranteed to fascinate children and adults alike.
Ages: 7 and up* (one adult required for every five KidSpy agents).

Space is limited - advance registration required. Tickets for the general public: $10 per person; Members: $9. Visit www.spymuseum.org.

Wednesday 28 February 2018 - Washington, DC - "The New Cold War?: The State of US-Russia Relations & Unconventional Threats to US Security" - a symposium at Georgetown University Law School.

The Journal of National Security Law & Policy annual symposium theme is "The New Cold War?: The State of U.S.-Russia Relations & Unconventional Threats to U.S. Security."

In addition to the following three panels, the symposium will also feature a lunchtime keynote speech by Laura Kennedy, former Deputy Assistant Secretary for European and Eurasian Affairs under the George W. Bush Administration.
Panel 1: Foreign Ties in the National Security Context:
The Politics & Policies of Disclosure; Panelists will provide an overview of disclosure laws through the lenses of the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA) and the security clearance process. Panelists will explore questions including: (1) What precisely are FARA and the SF-86's reporting requirements? and (2) What are the legal ramifications for failing to register as a foreign agent or disclose foreign contacts on the SF-86?
Panel 2: The Russian Cyber Threat; Panelists will discuss the growing threat posed by Russian hackers and whether the current international legal regime governing cyberattacks adequately safeguards against the Russian cyber threat, and if it does not, what reforms are needed to mitigate this threat.
Panel 3: Russian State Organized Crime; Panelists will explore the dangers posed by Russian state organized crime being invested in the U.S. economy and businesses, how state-sponsored organized crime is different from regular organized crime, and how the techniques used to combat them are the same, and how they are different. A reception will follow, and additional details will be announced soon. RSVP for the symposium here.

Wednesday 7 March 2018 from 7:30 to 8:45 pm - McLean, VA - "Old Lesson for New Wars: Counterintelligence at the Roots of Provocation and Terror" - Dr John J. Dziak's presentation at the Westminster Institute

"Old Lesson for New Wars: Counterintelligence at the Roots of Provocation and Terror" is the topic of Dr. John J. Dziak's presentation at the Westminster Institute Dr. John J. Dziak served as a senior intelligence officer and senior executive in the Office of the Secretary of Defense and in the Defense Intelligence Agency, with long experience in counterintelligence, hostile deception, counter deception, strategic intelligence, weapons proliferation intelligence, and intelligence education. He is co-founder and president of Dziak Group, Inc., a consulting firm in the fields of intelligence, counterintelligence, counter-deception, national security affairs, and technology transfer. His clients are found in industry, the Intelligence Community, and the Department of Defense. He is the author of Chekisty. He is a Distinguished Fellow in Intelligence Studies at the American Foreign Policy Council and also is a Senior Fellow at the International Assessment Strategy Center.
TIMING: Reception at 7 PM; Presentation from 7:30 PM to 8:45 PM EST
WHERE: Westminster Institute, 6729 Curran St, McLean, VA 22101
COST: There is no fee to attend. Registration, however, is required. REGISTER here.

14 March 2018 - 10 am - 1 pm (lunch follows) - Annapolis Junction, MD - Liza Mundy discusses CODE GIRLS - American Women Who Cracked the German and Japanese Codes to Help Win WWII at the Spring Cryptologic Program by the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation (NCMF).

The NCMF kickoff event for 2018 features award-winning Liza Mundy discussing "Code Girls: The Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of World War II."
As the US headed to war in 1941, two things became clear: victory depended on successful code-breaking and they didn't have enough people working on it. The solution: recruit women for cryptanalysis. Tens of thousands of women  mostly college students and teachers with an affinity for math, science, and foreign languages  answered the call for top-secret work as codebreakers. Their efforts shortened the war, saved countless lives, and gave them access to real careers; however, strict secrecy nearly erased them from history...until now. Mundy provides a riveting account of American courage, service, and scientific accomplishment.
Liza Mundy, a former staff writer for the Washington Post, is author of four books and has won many awards. She holds an AB from Princeton and an MA in English literature from UVA. She lives a mile from Arlington Hall, where the Army code-breaking women worked.

LOCATION: CACI Inc., Maryland Conference Center, 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20755 [Google map link here]

REGISTER NOW: Fee, includes lunch, is $25 for members and guests. Mail check to "NCMF, PO Box 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755" or register online here. Further details are here or feel free to call the NCMF office at 301-688-5436. A PDF-format flyer describing event is here.

4-7 April 2018 - San Francisco, CA - ISA2018: The International Studies Association (ISA) 59th Annual Convention includes an Intelligence Studies Section with a exceptional program.

The Intelligence Studies Section content (4 straight days, 30 panels and roundtables) is one small part of ISA's much larger conference. The full conference program is almost 300 pages; find details at the full conference website here. The Intelligence Studies Section (ISS) is one of thirty thematic sections that make up the ISA, has approximately 350 members, and has been sponsoring research about intelligence as a function of government since the mid-1980s. Additional information on the ISS can be found here.
If you have questions about the ISS program, contact the Section Chair: Stephen Marrin at marrinsp@jmu.edu or spm8p@yahoo.com
The updated program of Intelligence Studies Section panels at ISA2018 is here. Scan down that page to be dazzled by the number of presenters and breadth of intelligence and national security topics. This is a must attend conference.

22 - 25 April 2018 - Tampa, FL - USGIF GEOINT 2018 Symposium on "Driving Data to Decisions and Actions."

Always a phenomenal event in number of panels, quality (fame) of speakers, and hundreds of latest tech exhibits. This is the GEOINT version of the dazzling Consumer Electronics Show...

Hear from senior defense and intelligence leaders such as NGA Director Robert Cardillo and USDI Joseph Kernan in keynotes, panels, and presentations.
Learn from 52 hours of professional development, training, and education sessions with PDUs and CEUs.
See the latest in technology, services, and solutions from 200+ exhibitors in more than 100,000 sq ft of exhibit space.
Networking with more than 4,000 GEOINT Community professionals from 40 countries spanning defense, intelligence, homeland security, industry, and academia.

Learn more about the GEOINT Symposium here
Or register now and start planning on your trip to GEOINT 2018 in Tampa.


Gift Suggestions:

AFIO's Guide to the Study of IntelligenceAFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson, Editor, also makes a good gift. View authors and table of contents here.

Perfect for professors, students, those considering careers in intelligence, and current/former officers seeking to see what changes are taking place across a wide spectrum of intelligence disciplines.

AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.

For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
To order for shipment to a US-based CONUS address, use this online form,

To order multiple copies or for purchases going to AK, HI, other US territories, or other countries call our office at 703-790-0320 or send email to afio@afio.com to hear of shipment fees.

Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.

...ORDER HERE from AFIO.

The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.

MousepadAFIO's 2017 Intelligence Community Mousepads are a great looking addition to your desk...or as a gift for others..
Made in USA. Click image for larger view.

These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order NEW MOUSEPADS here.

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