To view this edition of the Weekly Notes online, use the following link.
[Editors' Note are now
below the CONTENTS] REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish
to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs,
For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events
WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors: ec, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th, ed, and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.
The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career
announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and
career offerings are published as a service to our members, and
for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to
exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding,
and should verify the source independently before supplying any
resume, career data, or personal information.]
Tomorrow will be presentation by Dr. Breslin-Smith on
"Sex and Strategy: Why We are Adrift in the Middle East"
Wednesday, 20 June 2018 - Annapolis Junction, MD
This NCMF Summer Cryptologic Program features Dr. Janet Breslin-Smith
The 2018 National Cryptologic Museum Foundation's Summer Cryptologic Program features Dr. Janet Breslin-Smith with a presentation on American diplomatic and military strategy, and its clash with Saudi culture. Breslin-Smith is president of Crosswinds International Consulting. She draws on a 30-year career in public service, including leadership roles in the US Senate, the National War College, and in Saudi Arabia. Her article, "The Struggle to Erase Saudi Extremism," appeared in November 2015 in the New York Times. She is a professor of national security strategy for 14 years at the National War College in Washington, DC ― the first woman to chair that department.
More information about this program can be found here.
Where: CACI, Inc., 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701. For further information and registration, do so here.
Wednesday, 27 June 2018 - 10 am to noon
This panel being sponsored by the Daniel Morgan Graduate School (DMGS) and the Center for a Secure Free Society (SFS).
As Venezuela continues to implode, the country is rapidly becoming the Syria of the Western Hemisphere in terms of refugee outflows. More than 4 million Venezuelans have left the country since the late Hugo Chávez rose to power, overwhelming neighboring countries like Colombia and Brazil. Since 2015, the number of Venezuelan migrants in Peru and Chile has increased by over 1,000 percent. According to Pew Research, Venezuela is the top country of origin for U.S. asylum claims since 2017. As the humanitarian crisis worsens and more migrants cross borders, U.S. and regional security are inevitably threatened. Western Hemisphere policymakers must address the situation before it deteriorates further. Some policymakers have called for direct U.S. intervention, while others are more cautious. What position should the United States take? What options exist? And which of the options will create fewer national security risks?
AGENDA: Introduction and Welcome by Dr. Steven Meyer - Academic Dean of Daniel Morgan Graduate School of National Security.
Where: United States Congress Capitol Visitor Center, Room SVC 212, First Street NE, Washington DC 20515
Books of the Week
On 7 August 1998, three years before President George W. Bush declared a War on Terror, the radical Islamist group al-Qaeda bombed the American embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, where Prudence Bushnell was serving as US ambassador. This is her account of what happened, how it happened, and its impact twenty years later.
When the bombs went off in Kenya and neighboring Tanzania that day, Congress was in recess and the White House, along with the entire country, was focused on the Monica Lewinsky scandal. Congress held no hearings about the bombings, the national security community held no after-action reviews, and the mandatory Accountability Review Board focused on narrow security issues. Then on September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda attacked the US homeland and the East Africa bombings became little more than a footnote.
Bushnell explains how these bombings could have happened given the scrutiny bin Laden and his cell in Nairobi had been getting since 1996 from special groups in the National Security Council, the FBI, the CIA, and the NSA. She tracks national security strategies and assumptions about terrorism and the Muslim world which failed to keep us safe in 1998 and continue unchallenged today. She posits what led to poor decisions in Washington and demonstrates how diplomacy and leadership going forward will be our country's most potent defense.
"A gripping diplomatic thriller that tells the harrowing saga of the 1998 bombing of Embassy Nairobi, Ambassador Bushnell's first-person account provides lessons of leadership, crisis management, and policy acumen. The tale dramatically illustrates the terrorism danger diplomats confront daily."—Ambassador Robert E. Gribbin III (Ret.) (Ambassador Robert E. Gribbin III (Ret.) 2018-03-02)
"Ambassador Prudence Bushnell is a true professional with the toughness, grit, courage, and compassion that marks the kind of superb leader you want in charge during a crisis. I witnessed her remarkable composure, even when personally injured, and her take-command leadership. This book is important for many reasons. It vividly presents a profile in courage; an understanding rarely appreciated for our foreign service men and women working in difficult assignments; a set of valuable lessons learned; and a case study in leadership during crisis. Every American should read this book."—Gen. Anthony C. Zinni, U.S. Marine Corps (Ret.)
A filmmaker and journalist with involvement in The Intercept, explore what they call NSA's failure to protect America on 9/11. Citing new insider testimony, the book explores how and why the world's most powerful and least understood intelligence agency failed to stay true to its most basic objective: protect the homeland from a Pearl Harbor-style attack. No one was fired for 9/11, and many of the worst failures went on to play lead roles in running programs and operations utilized in the War on Terror.
Israel Charges a Former Minister With Spying for Iran. The Israeli physician already had an extraordinary history: former legislator, agriculture expert, government minister and ex-convict imprisoned for having tried to smuggle 32,000 Ecstasy tablets disguised as M&M's into Israel.
On Monday, another entry was added to the record of the convicted Israeli, Gonen Segev, minister of energy and infrastructure in the mid-1990s. The Israeli authorities announced that he had been charged with spying for Iran and had been operating as an agent for Iranian intelligence.
Mr. Segev, 62, who has been living in Nigeria in recent years, was arrested in May "on suspicion of having aided the enemy in wartime and spied against the state of Israel," the Israeli police and the Shin Bet internal security agency said in a joint statement.
He was arrested after he had traveled to Equatorial Guinea, where he was refused entry, having been declared wanted by Israel, and was held until the Israeli police could take him into custody. Mr. Segev was transferred to Israel and immediately detained for questioning. [Read More: Kershner/nytimes/18Jun2018]
Austria Calls on Germany to Clarify Spying Allegations. Austria called on Germany to fully clarify allegations that German intelligence agents systematically spied on politicians, international organizations and companies on Austrian territory, as reported by two newspapers on Saturday.
Between 1999 and 2006, Germany's federal intelligence service BND spied on around 2,000 targets at political institutions, international organizations, banks, companies and weapons producers in Austria, said daily Der Standard and weekly Profil.
"There must be no such thing among friendly states," said Chancellor Sebastian Kurz at a news conference in Vienna, which was also attended by Austria's President Alexander van der Bellen.
"Our wish is of course to know who was monitored, when the surveillance was ended, and of course we want to have certainty that it was stopped," Kurz said. [Read More: reuters/16Jun2018]
President Kenyatta Deploys National Intelligence Service in War against Graft. President Kenyatta's continued fight against corruption has taken a new twist after the deployment of the National Intelligence Service (NIS) to monitor the process.
The President has directed the intelligence body to track top government officials involved in corruption and keep surveillance on officers tasked to prosecute corrupt leaders, reports The Star.
"Many senior officials in the anti-corruption chain itself are under intensified surveillance and Big Brother is watching virtually all officers handling the NYS case," the Star says.
Among those the NIS is keeping a close eye on are Judiciary staff including judges, magistrates and court clerks. Others are detectives attached to the Directorate of Criminal Investigations and Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission, as well as prosecutors in the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions. [Read More: Wanjohi/mwakilishi/16Jun2018]
Romanian President Nominates New Foreign Intelligence Service Director from Ruling Party. Romanian president Klaus Iohannis nominated MP Petru-Gabriel Vlase of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) for director of the Foreign Intelligence Service - SIE.
The former SIE director, Mihai Razvan Ungureanu, resigned in September 2016 and the position has been vacant since then.
The president sent his nomination to the Parliament on Thursday, June 14, taking everyone by surprise, as he is currently in conflict with PSD. The ruling party is even considering suspending Iohannis for delaying a decision on dismissing the chief-prosecutor of the National Anticorruption Directorate (DNA) following a decision of the Constitutional Court.
While some opposition politicians said this nomination may be an attempt by Iohannis to appease PSD, the nomination also took the PSD leaders by surprise. Sources within PSD said this nomination, for which Iohannis hasn't consulted the party, is actually a move that the president made against the party, local Hotnews.ro reported. [Read More: romanian-insider/15Jun2018]
South Korea Jails Ex-Spy Chiefs for Bribing Former President. Three South Korean former spy chiefs were sentenced to jail on Friday (June 15) for bribing disgraced ex-president Park Geun Hye with millions of dollars from the country's intelligence agency.
The trio were convicted of funnelling a total of 3.5 billion won (S$4.31 million) to Park while they each served as head of the National Intelligence Service (NIS) under the then-president between 2013 and 2016.
"Special activities funds of the NIS should be spent on collecting intelligence", the Seoul Central District Court said in a statement.
Of the three ex-NIS heads, Lee Byung Kee and Lee Byung Ho were thrown behind bars for three and a half years each. [Read More: straitstimes/15Jun2018]
'Seismic' Shift as New Watchdog Starts Overseeing Intelligence Warrants. Britain's spy agencies will need a judge to sign off requests to hack into suspects' electronic devices or listen to their phone calls under a strengthened authorisation regime that will take effect within days.
The head of a watchdog set up to scrutinise the activities of MI5, MI6, GCHQ and law enforcement agencies told the Press Association the new approach represents a "seismic change".
In his first interview since being appointed Investigatory Powers Commissioner last year, Lord Justice Sir Adrian Fulford confirmed that his office would begin receiving warrants relating to the work of the intelligence services this month.
Under the "double lock" system introduced by the Investigatory Powers Act, requests to use the most intrusive techniques require approval from a judicial commissioner as well as a senior Government minister before they can take effect. [Read More: itv/16Jun2018]
Exclusive: U.S. Counterspy Warns World Cup Travelers' Devices Could be Hacked. The top U.S. counterintelligence official is advising Americans traveling to Russia for football's World Cup beginning this week that they should not take electronic devices because they are likely to be hacked by criminals or the Russian government.
In a statement to Reuters on Tuesday, William Evanina, an FBI agent and the director of the U.S. National Counterintelligence and Security Center, warned World Cup travelers that even if they think they are insignificant, hackers could still target them.
"If you're planning on taking a mobile phone, laptop, PDA, or other electronic device with you - make no mistake - any data on those devices (especially your personally identifiable information) may be accessed by the Russian government or cyber criminals," he said.
"Corporate and government officials are most at risk, but don't assume you're too insignificant to be targeted," Evanina added. "If you can do without the device, don't take it. If you must take one, take a different device from your usual one and remove the battery when not in use." [Read More: reuters/12Jun2018]
Young Housewife Unmasked as French 'Dark Web' Boss. A 28-year-old housewife with no criminal record has been unmasked as the woman behind a major French "dark web" site which sold drugs and guns until it was shut down last week.
The woman was among four people arrested last Tuesday when intelligence agents closed the Black Hand website, where fake ID documents and stolen bank data had also changed hands for more than two years.
Agents from the DNRED intelligence agency seized nearly 4,000 euros in cash and around 25,000 euros ($29,000) in online currencies while swooping on the suspects in four simultaneous raids around France.
The mother of two, who went by various online pseudonyms including "Anouchka" and "Hades", did not create the site but worked as its administrator, a DNRED agent told AFP on condition of anonymity. [Read More: AFP/expatica/18Jun2018]
Japanese Intelligence-Gathering Satellite Successfully Launched. An all-weather spy satellite for the Japanese government launched Tuesday on top of an H-2A rocket, extending the country's surveillance reach with coverage of North Korea and other strategic locations worldwide.
The radar-equipped reconnaissance craft lifted off at 0420 GMT (12:20 a.m. EDT) Tuesday from the Tanegashima Space Center, Japan's primary launch base, located on an island in the southern part of the country.
Liftoff occurred at 1:20 p.m. Japan Standard Time, marking the 39th launch of an H-2A rocket, and the second H-2A launch of the year.
The 174-foot-tall (53-meter) H-2A rocket lit its hydrogen-fueled LE-7A main engine and fired away from Tanegashima, heading south over the Pacific Ocean with the aid of two strap-on solid rocket boosters. [Read More: Clark/spaceflightnow/12Jun2018]
Ex-CIA Worker Charged with Disclosing Classified Information. A former CIA employee was charged Monday with stealing classified national defense information from the agency that emerged publicly in March 2017, when WikiLeaks began releasing some of the CIA's hacking tools.
Joshua Adam Schulte, of Manhattan, was charged in a 13-count superseding indictment returned by a grand jury. He was expected to be arraigned on the charges on Wednesday.
According to the indictment, Schulte stole the classified information in 2016 in the Eastern District of Virginia and elsewhere and then transmitted it to an organization that purports to publicly distribute classified, sensitive and confidential information. The organization was not identified in court papers.
The indictment also charged Schulte, 29, with the receipt, possession and transportation of child pornography. Schulte already was detained on the child pornography charges. [Read More: Neumeister/washingtonpost/18Jun2018]
CIA Pays Tribute to its Fallen in Annual Memorial Ceremony. Today, the Central Intelligence Agency held its annual Memorial Ceremony to remember, honor, and celebrate the courageous CIA officers who died in the line of duty for their country.
CIA added four stars to its Memorial Wall this year to commemorate four distinguished officers who can be known to the public not by their names or the circumstances of their deaths, which remain classified, but by a star.
During the ceremony, which occurred before the Memorial Wall, Director Haspel remembered the fallen, saying, "They live on in our thoughts and prayers and remain forever among our ranks - a constant source of pride, inspiration, and strength for those of us who carry on their mission."
Director Haspel presented the families of the four fallen officers with a marble replica of their loved one's star. [Read More: cia/12Jun2018]
The CIA 'Can Neither Confirm Nor Deny' It Has Documents on Satoshi Nakamoto. Who is Satoshi Nakamoto? Ever since this pseudonymous person or group unleashed Bitcoin on the world in 2008, Nakamoto's real identity has been one of the biggest mysteries in the cryptocurrency world. And based on a response to my recent Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request, if the CIA knows anything, it's not talking.
People have claimed to have found Nakamoto on several occasions, without much success. The New York Times reported in 2013 that there was strong evidence that Nakamoto was actually Ross Ulbricht, the mastermind behind the Silk Road dark web marketplace. Perhaps the most infamous unmasking was in 2014, when Newsweek tracked down a man in California named Dorian Satoshi Nakamoto who was definitely not the guy who created Bitcoin. And who could forget the time that Craig Wright, current chief scientist of the blockchain company nChain, claimed to be Nakamoto, but didn't produce satisfactory evidence to back up his claim.
In 2016, Alexander Muse, a blogger who mostly writes about entrepreneurship, wrote a blog post that claimed the NSA had identified the real identity of Satoshi Nakamoto using stylometry, which uses a person's writing style as a unique fingerprint, and then searched emails collected under the PRISM surveillance program to identify the real Nakamoto. Muse said the identity was not shared with him by his source at the Department of Homeland Security.
As of February, Muse said he had submitted a FOIA request to the DHS to learn more about the case. While recently filing some unrelated FOIA requests of my own, I figured it couldn't hurt to ask some other three-letter agencies what they know about Nakamoto. [Read More: Oberhaus/motherboard.vice/14Jun2018]
US Spy Agencies Want to Store Data on DNA Computers. Government intelligence agencies have a plan to build computers that store information inside DNA and other organic molecules.
Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA), a group within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence that develops technologies for U.S. intelligence services, announced plans to develop "tabletop"-sized machines that can store and retrieve data from large batches of polymers - a term that refers to a wide variety of long, stringlike molecules. Polymers can store data in the sequence of individual atoms or groups of atoms.
The project, which was reported by Nextgov, is an attempt to solve a basic problem of the modern era: the vast and growing costs of data storage. Datacenters around the world sucked up 416.2 terawatt hours of electricity in 2016. That's about 3 percent of the global supply, according to a report in the Independent, and it accounts for 2 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. Experts told the Independent that the world can't sustain the exponential rate of global data center growth.
A 2016 paper in the journal BioMed Research International found that DNA, in particular, could store computer information more densely, require less energy, and survive higher and lower temperatures than conventional hard drives. The authors of that paper reported on the successes of prototype DNA computers that used the genetic molecules for both long-term storage and random access memory (RAM). [Humanoid Robots to Flying Cars: The 10 Coolest DARPA Projects] [Read More: Letzter/livescience/13Jun2018]
Key Intelligence Role for 'China hawk' Andrew Shearer. Andrew Shearer - the former national security adviser to John Howard and Tony Abbott who has taken a tough line on Beijing's political meddling in Australia - has been appointed the new deputy director-general of key intelligence agency, the Office of National Assessments.
Mr Shearer, most recently based in Washington as a senior adviser at the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, has spoken out against Chinese government interference in Western democracies and accused Beijing of using "united front" political warfare tactics.
"Australia needs to be ready for a long struggle, as do the US and other democracies targeted by China's political influence activities - tackling covert, corrupt and coercive practices head-on," Mr Shearer, a strong supporter of the US-Australia alliance, warned in an article late last year.
"The more difficult challenge will be to resist self-interested entreaties that are already coming from various quarters in the business community and a predictable handful of commentators to tread softly despite flagrant interference in Australia's domestic political affairs." [Read More: Riordan/theaustralian/15Jun2018]
304th Military Intelligence Battalion Changes Command. The 111th Military Intelligence Brigade hosted a Change of Command Ceremony for the 304th Military Intelligence Battalion on Brown Parade Field June 15.
Lt. Col. Paul Oh, the outgoing commander of the 304th Military Intelligence Battalion, changed command with Lt. Col. JD Finch. Col. Brian Lieb, Commander of the 111th Military Intelligence Brigade, was the reviewing officer for the ceremony.
"The 304th has continued to make great improvements over the last two years under the leadership of Lt. Col. Oh," said Lieb. "I can't say enough about how well you prepared our young officers to lead the Intelligence Warfighting Function. From creating intelligence professionals from new lieutenants, to integrating our many international officers into our forces and into our army family and American culture, to education and preparing Captains for intelligence leadership positions in the operational force."
Oh hails from Ambler, Pennsylvania and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1997 with a degree in International Relations. Lt. Col. Oh has been selected for promotion to Colonel and will be attending the Army War College this summer. [Read More: Baucom/dvidshub/15Jun2018]
Batman Writer Tom King Explains Why Looking Like a Nerd Made Him a Better CIA Agent. Right now, Tom King is one of the most important writers at DC Comics, scripting ongoing series like Mister Miracle and Batman, after rising to stardom through titles like Grayson and The Omega Men. Before all of that, though, he wasn't just trying to break into the business. He was working as a counterterrorism officer for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
Counterterrorism spy by day, comic book writer by night sounds like a pretty cool gig, which is why host Seth Meyers had to ask King about it during his appearance on Late Night with Seth Meyers Tuesday night. Meyers, a longtime comic book fan who frequently has creators visit his show, asked King if he was also a major comics fan while working in the CIA.
King confirmed that he was, and explained that there was actually an "odd benefit" to being a huge comic book nerd when you were trying to cross borders into other countries without telling anyone what you were really doing there.
"Most of my colleagues, bless them, wore suits like this, and looked very much like James Bond and kind of cross [the border] as nice businessmen," King said. "And I would always cross as the super nerd comic book writer. I would go on an airplane, I would spill on myself, I would read comic books, I'd have graphic novels with me. I'd basically be me, and they'd be like 'That guy could not ever be CIA. Let him in, please. No, he could do no damage to anything!" [Read More: Jackson/syfy/13Jun2018]
The Mole Who Spied on Al Qaeda From Inside the Terror Group. But his career as a double agent ended in June 2006 when details of some of his biggest successes showed up, without warning, in a Time Magazine excerpt of the book "The One Percent Doctrine," by journalist Ron Suskind.
Dean, who traveled between the Middle East and Europe, was in Paris on vacation when one of his al Qaeda comrades sent him a text with a link to the Suskind story, warning, "Brother, go into hiding. There is a spy among us." The text didn't accuse Dean of being the spy but he believed it was only a matter of time before he was outed.
"I was angry," Dean told NBC News. "I thought, 'The information was supposed to be under wraps! Why is it splashed all over Time Magazine?' Both MI-6 and MI-5 were shocked. Neither knew about it."
His British handlers pulled him from the field immediately. They ordered him to take the Eurostar train to London as soon as possible. Within five hours, he was being greeted on the platform at Waterloo Station by one of his MI-6 handlers. [Read More: NBC News/wxxv25/17Jun2018]
Report: UK Trained Yemen Intelligence Agency. The United Kingdom has been engaged in capacity building operations across Yemen's police, military and intelligence agencies between 2004 and 2015, a new 43-page report by the Oxford Research Group reveals.
The report provides a critical review of UK "training and assistance" programmes in Yemen, successes, causes of failure and lessons for future missions. It notes that British trainers "were on the ground for a long time" and were able to make changes to Yemeni units, including making Yemen's first female military units, and facilitating effective intelligence sharing across the Yemeni government.
In 2004, both the UK and the United States set up a joint training team to support a newly created Yemeni Counterterrorism Unit (CTU). Short courses on navigation and small arms drills were dished out, although they "did little to develop the Coast Guard's operational capabilities". Training on military activities was well attended, although courses on medical and safety were not. At the time, it didn't matter as the primary objective was to take out Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) - which had a high success rate according to the report.
"British success in Yemen were the result of sustained engagement, a willingness to develop training objectives in collaboration with Yemeni colleagues, and the integration of efforts with several institutions," the report said. But the British trainers entered Yemen and taught in Yemeni institutions in a British way, which completely failed to cater for the "very different cultural and political context". The British failure led to reduced effectiveness in training and promoted counterproductive techniques. [Read More: middleeastmonitor/12Jun2018]
City of Spies: How the Battle for Catalonia Divided Barcelona. Outside a white-stone building on the edge of Barcelona's medieval Gothic Quarter, five young French tourists are enjoying a sunny spring afternoon, drinking wine and discussing whether it is hot enough to go to the beach. One of them wants to see the Sagrada Fam'lia basilica and eat tapas. Another wants to find a "coffee shop" to smoke some weed, then go sunbathing. They discuss their options languidly, in one of the great tourist capitals of the world.
Up in the building itself, Catalan police intelligence officer Jordi Cruz has different problems. He is afraid for his life. Cruz (not his real name) is in the same city, but he lives in another world. His is the other Barcelona, a land of espionage, warring political tribes and secret recordings, in which an underground battle is being waged over the future of Spain. For him, the city has become more reminiscent of the intelligence battlegrounds of cold-war Vienna than a 21st-century European metropolis.
Cruz is carrying a heavy-looking black pistol in the waistband of his jeans, covered by his dark hooded jumper. He is here to shine a light on a spying scandal that risks sending dozens in Catalonia to jail - from police officers to politicians. So he is nervous. "My [Catalan police] colleagues could kill me for talking to a journalist, seriously," he says. "I am not sure what these guys are capable of."
His fear of violent reprisals comes amid a profound political and social crisis in Catalonia that has turned one of the richest and most cosmopolitan parts of Europe into one of the most turbulent. In recent years, millions of Catalans have decided that they want their region to be independent from Spain. [Read More: Stothard/ft/15Jun2018]
How the Five Eyes Can Win the Race for Quantum Computing Supremacy. Since China started quantum computing research in 2004, it has invested over 30 times more than America in this revolutionary technology. In 2017 China announced that it was creating an $11 billion, 4 million-square-foot national quantum laboratory in the city of Hefei. This lab will accelerate China's research into various applications of quantum computing, but particularly quantum hacking.
To protect against this growing threat to their data and security, Americans should look to their country's oldest intelligence allies: the Five Eyes.
The Five Eyes alliance was originally formed to pool intelligence between the U.S. and the UK during WWII, and expanded to include Australia, New Zealand and Canada. Since then, the Five Eyes framework has evolved to share the strengths and exploit the weaknesses of emerging technologies - first radio transmissions, then satellites and, most recently, the internet. Quantum computing is the next step in this progression.
Quantum computers use elementary particles like photons to make calculations far more rapidly than a traditional "classical" computer. Unlike the binary "bits" of classical computers (0s and 1s), these particles - or "qubits" - can act as a 0 or a 1 at the same time. This allows them to do two calculations at once, and means that their power scales exponentially with the number of qubits, rather than linearly like a classical computer. [Read More: Keelan/c4isrnet/18Jun2018]
Why Cyril Ramaphosa's Spy Agency Review Rings Alarm Bell. President Cyril Ramaphosa has announced the appointment of a "high-level review panel" to examine the workings of the State Security Agency (SSA) but is simultaneously opposing a legal fight by the government's intelligence watchdog for greater independence.
It is not yet clear why or how Ramaphosa wants control over the inspector-general of intelligence to remain in the hands of the security agency, or why he is defending his decision to move former SSA head Arthur Fraser to a powerful new position in correctional services, despite the serious allegations leveled against him.
Earlier in 2018, Inspector-General of Intelligence Setlhomamaru Dintwe went to court after Fraser revoked the security clearance he needed to investigate Fraser himself.
Author Jacques Pauw has alleged in his book The President's Keepers that Fraser set up an illegal network of agents, including his own relatives, that potentially wasted up to R1bn of taxpayers' money. He further suggested Fraser could be guilty of treason for setting up a home computer server into which top-secret reports were fed. [Read More: Maughan/businesslive/18Jun2018]
The U.S. Intelligence Mission Targeting North Korea. Shortly after he was sworn in as Director CIA in January of 2017, now-Secretary of State Mike Pompeo made some bold moves that put renewed focus on the North Korea threat.
First, he oversaw the establishment of the CIA's Korea Mission Center, meant to better bring together the resources available to the Agency, and second, he brought back an old CIA hand - a Korean-American named Andrew Kim - to run it.
It was a decision that raised few eyebrows. Kim - who was raised in South Korea - was a well-respected and established subject matter expert on the region and someone who m both Pompeo and President Donald Trump had come to rely on as they prepared for the Singapore summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un.
The US. Intelligence mission that helped get us to where we are today was significant. While serving as DCIA, Pompeo began engaging with North Korea through the CIA's relationships with both North Korea's intelligence service, the Reconnaissance General Bureau, and South Korean National Intelligence. It made sense to have an Intel expert who had a deep understanding of how to leverage those relationships and there was a clear history of success in doing so. In fact, CIA subject matter experts filling prominent roles in policy and negotiations was not unprecedented. Fellow Cipher Brief Expert, Ambassador Joseph DeTrani is a retired senior CIA officer with deep substantive expertise on Asia. He became President George W. Bush's special envoy for nuclear negotiations with North Korea from 2003-6. [Read More: Hoffman/thecipherbrief/12June2018]
Michael K. Bohn, 74, a US Naval intelligence officer and Director of the White House Situation Room, died 1 June 2018 in Alexandria, VA. Mike graduated Texas Tech in 1965 and served in the US Navy as an intelligence officer for more than 20 years. His career included a tour in Vietnam, multiple tours at sea, and two positions in the White House as both a White House Social Aide during the Nixon Administration and Director of the White House Situation Room during the Reagan Administration.
Robert William Gowin, Maj US Army(Ret), 89, died 7 June 2018.
Robert E. Mackay, 92, a career CIA Finance officer, died 9 June 2018 in McLean, VA.
Elizabeth Peek is a writer and
columnist for The Fiscal Times, an online bipartisan policy
journal, covering politics, finance, and economics. In prior years she was
the lead business columnist for the New York Sun, and
contributing editor to the New York Post, the Huffington
Post, The Motley Fool, the Wall Street Journal,
and Women on the Web, as well as to numerous magazines. She is
a frequent guest on Bloomberg TV shows, CBS, Fox, and CNBC.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128
E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Jen Easterly is currently a Managing
Director of Morgan Stanley, having joined the firm after 26 years of U.S.
government service in national security, military intelligence, and cyber
operations. Previously, Jen served on the National Security Council as
Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for
Counterterrorism where she led the development of U.S. counterterrorism
policy and strategy.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128
E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
The 2018 National
Cryptologic Museum Foundation's Summer Cryptologic Program features Dr.
Janet Breslin-Smith with a presentation on American diplomatic
and military strategy, and its clash with Saudi culture. Breslin-Smith is
president of Crosswinds International Consulting. She draws on a 30-year
career in public service, including leadership roles in the US Senate, the
National War College, and in Saudi Arabia. Her article, "The Struggle to
Erase Saudi Extremism," appeared in November 2015 in the New York
Times. She is a professor of national security strategy for 14
years at the National War College in Washington, DC ― the first woman to
chair that department.
More information about this program can be found here.
Where: CACI, Inc., 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701. For further information and registration, do so here.
The Naval Intelligence Professionals Third Thursday Social gathering features Capt. Paul G. Lasko, USN(Ret), a former intelligence officer, speaking on "So, You Want to be a Naval Attaché?"
Location: Sonoma Cellar 207 King St, Alexandria, VA 22314
Wednesday, 27 June 2018 - 10 am to noon - Venezuela's Mounting Refugee Crisis, a panel presentation at the DMGS "Venezuela's Mounting Refugee Crisis: Regional Security Implications Amidst the Calls for a US Response" is theme of this panel being sponsored by the Daniel Morgan Graduate School (DMGS) and the Center for a Secure Free Society (SFS).
As Venezuela continues to implode, the country is rapidly becoming the
Syria of the Western Hemisphere in terms of refugee outflows. More than 4
million Venezuelans have left the country since the late Hugo Ch'vez rose
to power, overwhelming neighboring countries like Colombia and Brazil.
Since 2015, the number of Venezuelan migrants in Peru and Chile has
increased by over 1,000 percent. According to Pew Research, Venezuela is
the top country of origin for U.S. asylum claims since 2017. As the
humanitarian crisis worsens and more migrants cross borders, U.S. and
regional security are inevitably threatened. Western Hemisphere
policymakers must address the situation before it deteriorates further.
Some policymakers have called for direct U.S. intervention, while others
are more cautious. What position should the United States take? What
options exist? And which of the options will create fewer national
AGENDA: Introduction and Welcome by Dr. Steven Meyer -
Academic Dean of Daniel Morgan Graduate School of National Security.
The Spy Museum hosts "Meet An F-4 Pilot" with Mark A. Hewitt, who has always had a fascination with spyplanes and the intelligence community's development and use of aircraft. He flew F-4s in the Marine Corps and served as Director of Maintenance with the Border Patrol and the Air Force, as was an Associate Professor for Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University. He is the author of "Special Access," "Shoot Down," "No Need to Know," and his latest, "Blown Cover." There is no charge for this event. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
Helen Abell is in charge of maintaining CIA safe houses in Berlin in the 1970s ― a city still in the grips of the Cold War. When she overhears a secret meeting, the impact of the clandestine conversation changes her life and becomes the key to a 21st century mystery. Dan Fesperman, award-winning author of Safe Houses, interviewed women who worked at the CIA to bring into focus an era when women were trying to break free of the clerical roles they had been relegated to and enter into field work. This evening, he will lead a discussion of the book and the world it recreates with some of the trailblazers who helped him give his novel authenticity and accuracy. Safe Houses will be available for sale and signing at the event. Ticket for the general public: $10; Spy Museum Member Ticket: $8. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
Kim Philby's name is almost synonymous with Soviet espionage. But Philby was not alone: Along with Donald Maclean, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt, and John Cairncross, he was one of five "Cambridge spies" who penetrated the heart of British intelligence at the height of the Cold War. Using recently declassified British, American, and Soviet intelligence records, Calder Walton, Ernest May Fellow in history and policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, explores the lives and treachery of these British elites from Cambridge University recruited into Soviet intelligence in the 1930s. He examines why they betrayed their homeland for Russia, how close British intelligence came to catching them, reveals another hitherto-undisclosed Soviet spy recruited from Cambridge, and evidence for a similar Soviet espionage ring at Oxford. Walton assesses the damage the Cambridge spies did to the British secret state, and to Britain's closest intelligence ally, the United States. He also sees the story as more than ancient history, and discusses how the legacy of the Cambridge spies is still reflected in contemporary Russian intelligence operations.
Walton is the author Empire of Secrets: British intelligence, the Cold War and the Twilight of Empire [Overlook Pr, 2013].
Be the first to learn the latest intelligence news. Join David Major, retired supervisory special agent of the FBI and former director of Counterintelligence and Security Programs at the NSC staff at the White House, for a briefing on intelligence and security issues, breaches, and penetrations. Presented in partnership with The Centre for Counterintelligence and Security Studies (CI Centre), these updates will cover worldwide events such as breaking espionage cases and arrest reports, cyber espionage incidents, and terrorist activity. Major uses his expertise to analyze trends and highlight emerging issues of interest to both intelligence and national security professionals and the public. Cases are drawn from the CI Centre's SPYPEDIA', the most comprehensive source of espionage information in the world, containing events and information that may not be reported by mainstream media outlets. There is no charge for this event. Visit www.spymuseum.org
Across Europe, a secret organization has begun attacking diplomats. Back in the United States, a foreign ally demands the identity of a highly placed covert asset. In the balance hang the ingredients for all-out war. Join bestselling author Brad Thor as he introduces the latest in his Scot Harvath series. Thor's counterterrorism operative Harvath is a popular favorite-this is the 18th in the series- and the author will share how he develops thrilling scenarios and draws on current events to keep his readers coming back for more. Spymaster will be available for sale and signing at the event. Tickets for the general public: $10; tickets for Spy Museum Members: $8. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
The International Spy Museum will host an in-store book signing of Russian Resurgence with author Allan Topol. Allan is the author of thirteen novels of international intrigue. Two of them, Spy Dance and Enemy of My Enemy, were national best sellers. His novels have been translated into Japanese, Portuguese and Hebrew. One was optioned and three are in development for movies. Book Description: Twelve year old Nick, escaping from the burning of his grandfather's house in Potomac, Maryland by Russian thugs, is caught up in a plot by Russian President Kuznov to recreate the Soviet empire in eastern and central Europe. The linchpin of Kuznov's plan is an agreement with a corrupt Hungarian Prime Minister to permit Russia to move troops into Hungary. In Allan Topol's fast moving fourteenth novel, Craig Page and Elizabeth Crowder, working with Peter Toth, who bears the scars of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution, and Peter's grandson, Nick, try to thwart Kuznov's plot. The action moves from Paris to Grozny, to Washington, and finally to intriguing Budapest. Craig, Elizabeth and Nick face repeated attacks on their lives. There is no charge for this event. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
The Spy Museum hosts "Meet A Spy" with Alex Finley, a former officer of the CIA's Directorate of Operations, where she served in West Africa and Europe. Her writing has appeared in Slate, Reductress, Funny or Die, and other publications. She is the author of Victor in the Rubble, a satire about the CIA and the War on Terror. She will be available to sign her book. There is no charge for this event. Visit www.spymuseum.org.
The National Cryptologic Museum Foundation hosts their General Membership Meeting and Annual Symposium. More details to follow later in the year.
Registration is $25 for NCMF members and $50 for guests
(includes complimentary one-year NCMF membership).
For your calendar. A special evening to illuminate the critical role of individuals and organizations serving the Intelligence Community, and to raise funds in support of the International Spy Museum.
The William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner will take place
at The Ritz Carlton Hotel. More than 600 attendees are anticipated and
will recognize the men and women who have served in the field of National
Security with integrity and distinction. This annual tribute dinner is
given by the International Spy Museum to an individual who has embodied
the values of Judge William H. Webster. This year's
honoree is a patriot for whom love of country has been his guiding
principle: Admiral William H. McRaven, former US Special
Operations Commander, former Joint Special Operations Commander, and
Chancellor of The University of Texas System.
Join the National Cryptologic Foundation on 5 December
for their 18th Annual Pearl Harbor Memorial Program. Speaker and topic
AFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of
Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson,
Editor, also makes a good gift. View authors and table of contents here.
AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.
For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which
includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.
The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.
These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order NEW MOUSEPADS here.
Weekly Intelligence Notes (WINs) are commentaries on Intelligence and related national security matters, based on open media sources, selected, interpreted, edited and produced for non-profit educational uses by members and WIN subscribers.
REMOVAL INSTRUCTIONS: We do not wish to add clutter to inboxes. To discontinue receiving the WINs:
a) IF YOU ARE A MEMBER - click here: UNSUBSCRIBE and supply your full name and email address where you receive the WINs. Click SEND, you will be removed from list. If this link doesn't open a blank email, create one on your own and send to email@example.com with the words: REMOVE FROM WINs as the subject, and provide your full name and email address where you are currently receiving them.
b) IF YOU ARE NOT A MEMBER, and you received this message, someone forwarded this newsletter to you [contrary to AFIO policies]. Forward to firstname.lastname@example.org the entire WIN or message you received and we will remove the sender from our membership and distribution lists. The problem will be solved for both of us.
CONTENTS of this WIN [HTML version recipients - Click title to jump to story or section, Click Article Title to return to Contents. This feature does not work for Plaintext Edition or for some AOL recipients]. If you wish to change to HTML format, let us know at email@example.com. The HTML feature also does not work for those who access their e-mail using web mail...however NON-HTML recipients may view the latest edition each week in HTML at this link: https://www.afio.com/pages/currentwin.htm
WINs are protected by copyright laws and intellectual property laws, and may not be reproduced or re-sent without specific permission from the Producer. Opinions expressed in the WINs are solely those of the editor's) or author's) listed with each article. AFIO Members Support the AFIO Mission - sponsor new members! CHECK THE AFIO WEBSITE at www.afio.com for back issues of the WINs, information about AFIO, conference agenda and registrations materials, and membership applications and much more!
(c) 2000, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018. AFIO, 7600 Leesburg Pike, Suite 470 East, Falls Church, VA 22043-2004. Voice: (703) 790-0320; Fax: (703) 991-1278; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
About AFIO | Membership Renewal | Change of Address | Upcoming Events | Chapter Locations | Corporate/Institutional Memberships | Careers in Intelligence Booklet | Guide to the Study of Intelligence | Intelligencer Journal | Weekly Intelligence Notes | To Make A Donation | AFIO Store | Member-Only Section | Code of Ethics | Home Page
Click here to return to top.