AFIO Weekly Intelligence Notes #39-18 dated 16 October 2018

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Section IV - Research Requests, Obituaries

Research Requests


Section V - Events

Upcoming AFIO Events

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

For Additional AFIO and other Events two+ months or more... Calendar of Events 

WIN CREDITS FOR THIS ISSUE: The WIN editors thank the following special contributors: ec, po, mh, km, gh, mk, rd, fm, kc, jm, mr, jg, th, ed, and fwr. They have contributed one or more stories used in this issue.

The WIN editors attempt to include a wide range of articles and commentary in the Weekly Notes to inform and educate our readers. However, the views expressed in the articles are purely those of the authors, and in no way reflect support or endorsement from the WIN editors or the AFIO officers and staff. We welcome comments from the WIN readers on any and all articles and commentary.
CAVEATS: IMPORTANT: AFIO does not "vet" or endorse research inquiries, career announcements, or job offers. Reasonable-sounding inquiries and career offerings are published as a service to our members, and for researchers, educators, and subscribers. You are urged to exercise your usual caution and good judgment when responding, and should verify the source independently before supplying any resume, career data, or personal information.]
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AFIO's Fall Luncheon

Friday, 2 November 2018

Dangers, Challenges, and Joys of the Diplomatic and Intelligence Field of Operations

Amb. Prudence Bushnell

Terrorism Betrayal & Resilience

Ambassador Prudence Bushnell
Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs,
U.S. Ambassador to Kenya and Guatemala
Dean of the Leadership and Management School at the Foreign Service Institute on

― Terrorism, Betrayal, and Resilience ―
My Story of the 1998 U.S. Embassy Bombings


Best of Enemies

Gus Russo

Eric Dezenhall

Gus Russo and Eric Dezenhall
on Best of Enemies: The Last Great Spy Story of the Cold War

"... crucial for anyone who wants to understand espionage or the Cold War." - James Grady, author of Six Days of the Condor

"If John le Carré wrote nonfiction and was a great reporter, BEST OF ENEMIES would be the result." - Laurence Leamer, author

"... how an American CIA agent and a Russian KGB agent wound up on the same side. You have to read it to believe it." - Tom Brokaw


Former KGB Officer Gennady Vasilenko, and Michelle "Mox" Platt, daughter of the late CIA Operations Officer Jack Platt, will be in attendance.

Badge pick-up starts at 10 a.m.
First speaker, Ambassador Bushnell, at 11 a.m.
and Gus Russo and Eric Dezenhall at 1 p.m.
Register here to ensure a seat.
Location: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102.

New and Forthcoming Books of the Week

Ike's Mystery ManIke's Mystery Man: The Secret Lives of Robert Cutler
by Peter Shinkle
(Steerforth Pr, Dec 2018)

"Banker, lawyer, novelist, consultant to spy agencies, national security adviser to Dwight D. Eisenhower — Robert Cutler pretty much originated the role. More than that Cutler was gay at a time America ostracized that orientation — and his lover was a CIA operative when the Agency typically shunned such people. Ike's Mystery Man is an often sparkling account of a fascinating man at the center of power in the first half of the American Century. Read it." — John Prados, author.

"History is never set in stone. Peter Shinkle has found in the diary and letters of Robert "Bobby" Cutler, President Eisenhower's National Security Advisor, an extraordinary story of an able public servant, a man who held the nation's most sensitive secrets, who also happened to be gay — at a time when such a thing was supposed to be impossible. Therein lies a gripping, moving tale." — Evan Thomas, author.

"Ike's Mystery Man is a historical treasure unearthed. Based on the untapped diaries of Eisenhower's National Security Advisor, General Robert "Bobby" Cutler, it gracefully reveals how Ike's "unseen arm" [Cutler] shaped and guided many of the President's most important foreign policies. It also unveils the intimate unknown painful story of a gay man's secret love within the homophobic councils of government. A must-read for all Cold War scholars, it is a great read for everyone else." — Martin J. Sherwin, author, University Professor of History at George Mason University

Book may be ordered here.

How to Get Rid of a PresidentHow to Get Rid of a President: History's Guide to Removing Unpopular, Unable, or Unfit Chief Executives
by David Priess
(PublicAffairs, Nov 2018)

Former CIA analyst Priess presents a political history of the schemes, plots, maneuvers, and conspiracies that have attempted—successfully and not—to remove unwanted presidents.
To limit executive power, the founding fathers created fixed presidential terms of four years, giving voters regular opportunities to remove their leaders. Even so, Americans have often resorted to more dramatic paths to disempower the chief executive. The American presidency has seen it all, from rejecting a sitting president's renomination bid and undermining their authority in office to the more drastic methods of impeachment, and, most brutal of all, assassination.
Priess presents the political dark arts in action: a stew of election dramas, national tragedies, and presidential departures mixed with party intrigue, personal betrayal, and backroom shenanigans. This briskly paced tour proves that while the pomp and circumstance of presidential elections might draw more attention, the way that presidents are removed teaches us much more about how the U.S. maintains political order.

Book may be ordered here.


Pakistan Appoints New Head of Powerful Intelligence Agency.  Pakistan has appointed a new leader for its powerful Inter-Services Intelligence service, which plays a key role in coordinating its foreign policy, including with regard to the war in neighboring Afghanistan.

The military said Wednesday that Lt. Gen. Asim Munir was chosen to replace Lt. Gen. Naveed Mukhtar, who retired earlier this month. Munir previously headed Military Intelligence and was a field commander. He was awarded the Hilal-i-Imtiaz, a top medal, earlier this year.

The ISI has long maintained close ties to the Afghan Taliban and other Islamic militant groups. The United States and Afghanistan have repeatedly called on Pakistan to crack down on such militants. Pakistan says it has used its contacts to assist in peace efforts and that it has limited influence over the Afghan Taliban.  [AP/10October2018]

A Chinese Intelligence Agent has been Extradited to the US to Face Espionage Charges.  An alleged spy for the Chinese Ministry of State Security (MSS) was arrested in Belgium and extradited to the US on accusations he tried to steal trade secrets from US aviation and aerospace companies, the Justice Department announced Wednesday.

The extradition of Yanjun Xu, a director at the Chinese Ministry of State Security, is the first time a Chinese intelligence officer has been brought to the US to face trail, according to The New York Times.

"This indictment alleges that a Chinese intelligence officer sought to steal trade secrets and other sensitive information from an American company that leads the way in aerospace," said Assistant Attorney General John Demers. "This case is not an isolated incident. It is part of an overall economic policy of developing China at American expense."

Yanjun is accused of committing such acts of espionage against leading American aviation companies since 2013 until his arrest in April.  [Read more:  Walsh/Insider/11October2018]

U.S. Intelligence Watchdog Says it will Encourage Whistleblowers to Come Forward.  The U.S. National Security Agency's top oversight official, Robert Storch, is working to repair the spy agency's reputation with whistleblowers in an effort to encourage staff to report wrongdoing internally, rather than go public.

"It's really important we encourage whistleblowers to come forward and that they feel comfortable doing so and if there are allegations of reprisal then we take that very seriously," Storch said in an interview with Reuters last week.

The spy agency has experienced a series of embarrassing leaks over the past five years, beginning with Edward Snowden's 2013 high-profile exposure of secret NSA surveillance programs.

Getting more staff to come forward and report concerns internally through Storch's office could reduce the number of leaks, said intelligence community historian Steven Aftergood.  [Read more:  Bing/Reuters/12October2018]

Skripal Suspects Believed to Have Followed Him in Czechia Long Before Attempted Poisoning.  The suspected perpetrators of the Novichok attack on Russian double agent Sergei Skripal reportedly visited the Czech Republic in 2014, at the time when Skripal himself was in the country, allegedly helping the Czech counter-intelligence service uncover Russian spies. Radiozurnal, Czech Radio's flagship news channel, broke the story on Wednesday, citing Czech intelligence sources.

The two men, who are believed to work for the Russian intelligence service GRU, arrived in the Czech Republic in mid-October 2014, using the same cover names as they did in Britain -Alexander Petrov and Ruslan Boshirov - just days before Skripal's scheduled visit to the country.

Czech Radio's investigative reporter Janek Kroupa cites his source at military intelligence as saying that everything points to the fact that Skripal was being followed by Russian agents long before the attempted poisoning in Britain.  [Read more:  Lazarova/RadioPraha/10October2018]

Committee of Parliamentarians to Review Canadian Forces Intelligence Activities.  The National Security and Intelligence Committee of Parliamentarians (NSICOP) announced Friday what they are calling two substantive reviews of government national security and intelligence activities. The findings will be published in NSICOP's first annual report.

The committee is examining how the Canadian government establishes national intelligence priorities. Those priorities provide direction to the intelligence organizations in the collection and analysis of intelligence. The process is the primary mechanism for the Prime Minister, Cabinet and senior officials to ensure the proper exercise of control, oversight and accountability for Canada's intelligence activities, according to the committee.

NSICOP is also conducting a separate review of the intelligence activities of the Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces.  This review focuses on the structure and scope of defence intelligence activities, the legal authorities under which they are conducted, and the internal oversight and governance mechanisms in place for their control and accountability.  The committee noted this is the first independent, external review of defence intelligence activities.  [Read more:  Pugliese/OttawaCitizen/14October2018]

Duterte Names Intelligence Chief Army Commanding General, Says Top Aide.  President Rodrigo Duterte picked Maj. Gen. Macairog Alberto, commander of the Intelligence Service of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (ISAFP), as the next commanding general of the Philippine Army, his top aide said on Thursday.

In a text message, Special Assistant to the President Christopher Lawrence "Bong" Go told The Manila Times that Duterte, in a letter released on Thursday, informed Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana about Alberto's new appointment.

"The appointment paper of MGen Macairog S Alberto, the newly appointed Commanding General of the Philippine Army has been released to the Department of National Defense, today, 11 October 2018," Go said, quoting the Office of the Executive Secretary.  [Read more:  ManilaTimes/11October2018]

New Chinese Lunar Satellite Has Intelligence Agency Concerned.  A Chinese communications satellite positioned past the dark side of the moon is causing consternation among military space officials, an Air Force intelligence officer said Oct 12.

Within the last year, the Chinese have launched a relay satellite that is flying around "the flip side of the moon," said Jeff Gossel, a senior intelligence engineer at the Air Force's Space and Missiles Analysis Group. "That's very telling to us."

"Why do you need a relay satellite flying around L2? So you can communicate with something that is going to either land on the other side of the moon, or fly around the other side of the moon," he said during an event hosted by the Mitchell Institute in Washington, D.C. L2 refers to a stable gravitational point located in space just beyond the moon, according to NASA.

In May, China successfully launched the communications satellite, the Queqiao, as part of a large-scale lunar mission, NASA reported in May.  [Read more:  Mayfield/NationalDefenseMag/12October2018]

Five Eyes Intelligence Alliance Builds Coalition to Counter China.  The five nations in the world's leading intelligence-sharing network have been exchanging classified information on China's foreign activities with other like-minded countries since the start of the year, seven officials in four capitals said.

The increased cooperation by the Five Eyes alliance - grouping Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand and the United States - with countries such as Germany and Japan is a sign of a broadening international front against Chinese influence operations and investments.

Some of the officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the talks, said the enhanced cooperation amounted to an informal expansion of the Five Eyes group on the specific issue of foreign interference.

While China has been the main focus, discussions have also touched on Russia, several said.  [Read more:  Barkin/Reuters/12October2018]


Military Intelligence Offers Career Path in Today's Russia.  "First time here?" the conductor on the train that stops at the logging outpost of Loyga asks some departing passengers. "My condolences - there isn't even cell phone connection."

This desolate village, deep in the far northern Arkhangelsk region, is the hometown of one of the suspected GRU Russian military intelligence agents who is believed to have poisoned a former Russian spy in Britain. The other alleged attacker and an alleged military intelligence operative accused of a hacking attack in the Netherlands come from equally dismal places.

Their stories suggest how important the military and intelligence services are for ambitious young men determined to escape the gloom and poverty of rural Russia. [Read more:  Vasilyeva/AP/12October2018]

Britain Wages Information War Against Russia.  On March 10th 2000, two weeks before a Russian presidential election, Tony Blair made a trip from Downing Street to St Petersburg to accompany Vladimir Putin to a performance of Sergei Prokofiev's "War and Peace". The idea came from a senior KGB officer, who suggested to his MI6 counterpart that it would help boost the international legitimacy of Mr Putin, who as prime minister had just launched a brutal war in Chechnya. Mr Blair obliged, becoming the first foreign leader to endorse the incoming president.

Nearly 20 years on, Britain is again leading the West's engagement with Russia - but in the opposite direction. Since March, when two officers in the GRU, Russia's military intelligence service, deployed a "novichok" nerve agent in Salisbury to try to murder a former Russian spy, Britain has been on the front line of efforts to counter the Kremlin's clandestine operations. [Read more:  TheEconomist/11October2018]

UNM Intelligence Community Center of Academic Excellence Receives $2 Million Grant.  The University of New Mexico, as an Intelligence Community Center for Academic Excellence (IC-CAE), was awarded a $2 million, three-year grant to create a Critical Technology Studies Program (CTSP) and engage a consortium of regional institutions, known as the New Mexico Consortium for Critical Technology Studies (NMC-CTS).

The grant will be part of the National Security Studies Program (NSSP), directed by principal investigator Frank Gilfeather in the Global and National Security Policy Institute (GNSPI) in the Provost's Office, and directed by co-principal investigator Emile Nakhleh.

NMC-CTS is led by the UNM main campus principal faculty from Anderson School, Arts and Sciences and School of Engineering. The New Mexico higher education institutions participating include UNM branches in Gallup, Los Alamos and Valencia; Northern New Mexico College; San Juan College; Navajo Technical University; and New Mexico Highlands University.

The mission of the NMC-CTS is to interest and prepare New Mexico's students representing the broad diversity of New Mexico's local communities in critical technologies (CT), and ensure that students develop the knowledge and skills in CT to successfully compete for national security positions.  [Read more:  UNM/10October2018]

Intelligence: Social Media In The Combat Zone.  The U.S. Army wants to provide troops in combat zones with social media analysis tools that would enable them to automatically gather information from local Internet social media to see what is happening in the area they are operating. This would be near real-time analysis with results available in English. This sort of thing is now possible because of advances in translation and social media analysis software. Intelligence organizations and commercial firms have been developing this sort of capability for over a decade. Currently, military use of these professional tools is restricted and their analyses are usually classified (or considered business secrets). But that has been changing. For example, the Israeli domestic intel agency (Shin Bet) revealed that so far in 2018 its intel monitoring efforts on social media had played a major role in preventing over 250 terrorist attacks. Many big-city police departments use commercially available analysis software to monitor local social media users for useful data on past or potential crimes. Before that police would simply search the social media for telltale signs of crimes committed or about to be. In Ukraine and throughout the Middle East local security forces increasingly use this capability either manually or with specialized software. Now, it appears, it is time to provide the troops with similar tools. Apparently, there has already been some informal and unofficial action in this area by individual army units in combat zones. U.S. SOCOM (Special Operations Command) has been using such tools for years.  [Read more:  StrategyPage/11October2018]

Are You Smart Enough to Pass the GCHQ Entrance Exam? Test Your Intelligence with These Extracts from the World's Toughest Puzzle Book.  s the Government Communications Headquarters, or GCHQ as it is more commonly known, prepares to celebrate the 100th anniversary of its formation next year, there has arguably never been a greater need for the dazzling array of technological skills it possesses to keep our country safe.

Having started life as the Government Code and Cypher School in 1919, it enjoyed what was indisputably its finest hour during the Second World War when, during its Bletchley Park incarnation, it dramatically changed the course of the war by breaking and then accessing the Germans' difficult Enigma code.

The heroic efforts of the Bletchley Park team, which helped the allies to prevail in the Battle of the Atlantic, are credited with shortening the war by two years.

The modern-day communications service, which plays a crucial role in Britain's intelligence-gathering capabilities, has come a long way since that golden era.  [Read more:  TheTelegraph/11October2018]


Citizen Journalists - the Fighters on the Frontline Against Russia's Attacks.  When the story of 2018 is told, historians may be hard pressed to say which was weirdest: that a deadly nerve agent was deployed in a quiet cathedral town on the edge of Salisbury Plain, at the heart of our military establishment. Or that the Russian suspects were identified not by British intelligence but a group described last week as "armchair investigators".

Because we now know not just the identities of the two men who travelled to Salisbury with a military-grade chemical weapon but also the arm of the Russian army that deployed them - thanks to Bellingcat, a citizen investigation site founded by Eliot Higgins, a former blogger who started it from a laptop on his sofa in breaks from caring for his daughter.

Taken separately these stories are gobsmacking but what's been lost in the reporting is how they are two sides of the same story, imperfect reflections of what many believe to be the defining story of our age: disinformation, the central role of the technology platforms in disseminating it, and the inadequacy of governments to counter it.

Because the sleuthing of the identity of these men is a truly remarkable tale that shows how the power of the crowd and a suite of open-source techniques can achieve feats that remind us of how we thought the web used to be, the tech-utopian dreamspace that has taken such an existential battering in the last two years.  [Read more:  Cadwalladr/TheGuardian/13October2018]

Revealing Intelligence on Jamal Khashoggi.  Washington Post Global Opinions columnist Jamal Khashoggi has been missing since entering the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul, Turkey on Oct. 2. As of this writing, Turkish officials have said that they believe Khashoggi was killed inside the consulate, and details are emerging regarding the timing of his entry, where Turkish security cameras were located and the entry and exit of Saudi officials precisely around the time of Khashoggi's disappearance. The Saudi Arabian government denies involvement or knowledge of his whereabouts.

The manner in which Turkish officials have revealed new details raises questions about what other  intelligence information the government of Turkey - or other governments - may have available to them that might reveal or confirm what has happened to Khashoggi. Turkish officials are clearly being cautious by speaking to reporters without named attribution, but they are also providing - as evidenced by this New York Times report - highly detailed information regarding their conclusions.

Deciding whether and how much intelligence information to reveal can be a difficult call for a country unaccustomed to revealing its intelligence methods, especially when it involves such sensitivities as diplomatic facilities. But sometimes the gravity of a situation requires exposing intelligence collection activities.  [Read more:  Cordero/Lawfare/10October2018]

Russian Cyber Sins and Storms.  The foreign secretary of the United Kingdom Jeremy Hunt and the National Cyber Security Centre recently accused Russia of 'reckless and indiscriminate' cyber-attacks. Just last week, the Dutch authorities announced that they caught and expelled (last April) four Russian hackers with diplomatic passports attempting to snoop on the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. The French Foreign Ministry's policy planning staff and the official think tank of the French Ministry of Defence published a major report a few weeks ago on Russian cyber and disinformation campaigns in France. And the United States continue their official investigation of Russia cyber operations designed to shape the 2016 presidential elections there and issued a third round of indictments against Russian cyber-operatives in recent days.

While the chorus of voices accusing Russia of cyber sins is loud, quieter - but no less widespread - sceptical mutterings are questioning the wave of indignation itself: is Russia really so special? Are not the Chinese, the Americans or the French involved in similar activities? Why is there less indignation with China's cyber activities than with Russia's? And ultimately, why are we so sure Russia is to blame at all?  [Read more:  Popescu/ECRF/10October2018]

West Must Deploy Intelligence Agencies to Defeat Poachers, says Gabon President.  Elephants and other endangered species could be driven to extinction unless Western governments begin to take the illegal wildlife trade as seriously as terrorism or drug running, the president of Gabon has warned.

Ali Bongo Ondimba, whose country is home to the world's largest surviving population of forest elephants, called for an international intelligence and law enforcement effort to break up the transnational criminal groups who now dominate the trade in ivory.

"You still have people not believing that we can one day wake up without any African elephants. They say 'oh, you're exaggerating this'. But in the meantime, it is happening,"  Mr Bongo told the Telegraph .

"We cannot win this battle alone," he said.  "We are being confronted now by a real network of illicit traffickers. It is an organised one, and it does not just end with wildlife. They are moving into gold, they are moving into human trafficking," said Mr Bongo.  [Read more:  Oliphant/TheTelegraph/11October2018]

CIA Director Haspel is Quietly Working Hard (and Smart) to Keep Us Safe from National Security Threats.  Quietly, without receiving much attention in the news media, CIA Director Gina Haspel is working to increase the number of intelligence officers stationed abroad to provide America more of a vital commodity known in the trade as HUMINT (human intelligence).

This is a smart move by a talented CIA director - someone I worked with for many years before I retired as a senior CIA officer in 2017.

You won't hear much about Haspel, a 33-year CIA veteran, in the news. But you can bet she will be dealing with some of the most important foreign challenges America faces around the world in the years ahead, serving as a steady hand protecting our nation.  [Read more:  Hoffman/FoxNews/11October2018]

Section IV - Research Requests, Obituaries

Research Requests

Help Academic Colleague Explore Intelligence Leadership Attributes

Dear AFIO Colleagues,

I am currently doing research on two aspects of intelligence leadership. One is to explore what leadership attributes might be best suited for effective organisational outcomes, and the second is to investigate what IC challenges current and future leaders will face. The research seeks to provide knowledge that can be fed into internal IC and scholarly debates about how our ICs can improve the leadership capabilities of our next generation of leaders. So if you are currently an intel manager or leader or retired then I would love you to participate in the survey at the link below. I am looking for insights from those with backgrounds in national security, law enforcement, military and other sectors. Additionally, if you are a researcher interested in these issues feel free also to complete the survey.

While so much research over the years has focused on improving analytical capabilities, I hope with this research to fuel a broader debate about what capabilities managers and leaders need to harness better IC outcomes in the future. The link is here. Any questions, don't hesitate to contact me:

Best Regards, A/Prof Patrick F Walsh (Charles Sturt University, Australia).


Arthur Lee Duckett, 71, a former CIA Officer, died 20 September 2018 in Wilmington, NC.
Art was born in Leaksville, VA, the middle child of the late Carl Duckett (CIA Trailblazer/Former deputy director of CIA's DS&T) and Jane Law Duckett.
Art graduated from James Madison High School in Vienna, VA, tried a year at college but decided to join the US Army where he honorably served in Viet Nam from 1968-69. He was a Sergeant with the US Army's 81st Airborne. He then joined the CIA, where he had a distinguished career. He retired in 2003 and moved to Wilmington, NC.
He enjoyed smoking pork for a BBQ, making Christmas day dinners, helping family and friends. He and his wife, Deb, were key players in the continuing development of the NHC Special Olympics program, volunteering with Camp Shriver. Art was a member of Pine Valley United Methodist Church, where he became the go-to computer expert, and dedicated much energy to the needs of the church.
He leaves behind his wife of 40 years, Deb, a daughter Hilary, and other family.

James Earl Parker Jr, 75, CIA Paramilitary Officer, former LV Chapter President, died 9 October 2018 of cancer in Las Vegas, NV.
When Parker was 15 years old he ran away from home, ending up in Havana, Cuba. His parents were not amused and not long after he returned he enrolled in the Oak Ridge Military Academy for an attitude adjustment. There he learned discipline. He went on to UNC/Chapel Hill, played lacrosse, flunked out, went with a couple of buddies down to Managua, Nicaragua but was chased out by what would become the Sandinistas. He flew to Florida, worked at a Miami hotel, returned to college for one more semester before dropping out to join the US Army.
In his book, "The Vietnam War Its Ownself" he chronciled his Southeast Asia war experiences; Parker was among the first in to Vietnam as a 22 year old Second Lieutenant platoon leader in 1965. Jim Parker had 5 years on the battlefield, serving initially as a 22 year old 2nd Lt platoon leader with the 1st Division that gyroed over from Fort Riley. His battalion was the first to encounter the Cu Chi tunnels and months later led the 1st Division in the successful Minh Thanh counter-ambush. Wounded and honored for bravery, Parker returned to what appeared to be an ungrateful nation, married, returned to finish his education at UNC/Chapel Hill, and was recruited as a CIA para-military operative in August 1970.
After a year of clandestine intel and para-military training, his first CIA assignment was upcountry Laos where he led Hmong guerrillas against two divisions of North Vietnamese main line soldiers. After the Lao cease fire, he was transferred to the delta of Vietnam to work as a spy and to liaise with South Vietnam Army commanders there.
He was the last man out of Vietnam, leaving two days after the American embassy was evacuated.
He was an outstanding CIA Case Officer who served in Laos during difficult times for the US against an intractable enemy with seemingly endless numbers of combatants.
His detailed account of this top secret activity was published in his book "Codename Mule: Fighting the Secret War in Laos for the CIA (1995, Naval Institute Press). He published several other books of his Vietnam experiences. In his 1997 book "Last Man Out: A Personal Account of the Vietnam War" he stated that he was the last American to leave Vietnam, because three days after the American Embassy closed he was still running about the countryside trying to round up loyal operatives still doing their jobs.
After paramilitary operations in Laos/Vietnam, Parker went on to serve as a cover officer in the CIA's Directorate of Operations, retiring in 1992.
In the military he received the Bronze Star with "V" and the Purple Heart. In CIA he received two Certificates of Outstanding Service, a Certificate of Distinction and the Intelligence Medal.
He was called back to work for the CIA after 9/11, but re-retired to Las Vegas, NV.
In retirement he set out to document that history through several books, showing the remarkable courage, dedication, successes and failures of his comrades who shared his battlefield experiences as part of CIA's paramilitary efforts to stem the violent path of communism in that corner of the world.
He briefly served as President of AFIO's Las Vegas Chapter before illness caused him to turn the duties to other officers.
He is survived by his wife, Brenda, and other family.
Jimmy Parker's memory will be cherished by all those who knew him inside and outside the CIA.

Neal Henry Petersen, 79, State Department Deputy Historian, died 25 August 2018 in Arlington, VA. He served for over twenty years in the Historical Office of the U.S. Department of State, retiring as Deputy Historian in 1988. He was the author of "American Intelligence, 1775–1990: A Bibliographical Guide" (1992) and also "From Hitler's Doorstep: The Wartime Intelligence Reports of Allen Dulles, 1942–1945" (1996).
He also served a historian for AFIO and wrote maintained a record of AFIO's history from its founding in 1975, some of which appears in AFIO publications and on our website.
He is survived by his wife, Nancy, a son, and two daughters.

John M. Turner II, 96, a former OSS and CIA Operations/Foreign Service Officer, died 25 January 2018 at his home in Rockville, MD.
John, whose family home and alma mater were in Georgia, began his life in an Indian missionary family, with four siblings, living in Darjeeling, India. His Hindi language skills helped him to enter into the OSS during WWII in the China/Burma/India Theater. After the war ended, he served as an honor guard at the surrender ceremony in Singapore. He then returned home and earned his Master's at Columbia, married and joined the CIA where he worked as an Operations Officer and Chief of Station in Tibet. John and his wife Jane, whom he survived by 14 years, were stationed in India, Iran, and Nepal.
He is survived by two sisters, three children, and other family.
After retiring from the Agency, he continued working as a partner in the MGMB Real Estate firm until his mid-eighties. He was an accomplished classical pianist, golfer, and gifted photographer.
John will be laid to rest at Arlington Cemetery Columbarium at 11 a.m. Saturday, October 20, 2018. Friends can meet at the Administration building after 10 a.m.

David Wise, 88, Journalist, Author of numerous intelligence books, died of pancreatic cancer on 8 October 2018 in Washington, DC. Wise grew up on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, attended the High School of Music and Art, where he became editor of the school paper, Overtone.
Wise began his journalism career with the The New York Herald Tribune while studying at Columbia College. In his senior year he was editor of the campus newspaper, The Spectator, alongside another aspiring journalist, Max Frankel, who in 1986 became executive editor of The New York Times.
Frankel told the NYTimes that Wise seemed born to write about espionage: He always kept information — even what he had for lunch — close to the vest.
Wise moved to Washington to cover politics and the Kennedy White House. He was named the Herald's Washington bureau chief in 1963 and served until the paper closed in 1966.
He turned to writing books. and wrote many highly-regarded, carefully sourced works on spies — Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen among them.
He also wrote three spy novels which, like his works of nonfiction, often sought to show US Intelligence as amateurish, incompetent, or out of control.
Wise was known for his triple checking of his manuscripts, as he carefully cultivated sources and leakers over periods of years.

His nonfiction work began in 1962 with "The U-2 Affair," a collaboration with Thomas B. Ross recounting the story of the Soviet's 1960 downing of U-2 spy plane piloted by Francis Gary Powers.
His second book, in 1964, again co-authored with Ross, was "The Invisible Government," considered an exposé of CIA covert operations. It sought to unmask CIA's involvement in the Bay of Pigs and in coups in Guatemala and Iran, and also revealed the Agency's covert operations in Laos and Vietnam and its attempts, with British assistance, to overthrow President Sukarno in Indonesia, among many other previously undisclosed activities.
CIA considered buying all copies to keep the book off the market, but canceled that plan when the publisher made it clear it would gladly print more. The Agency fought to censor it prior to public release, and decided to use various assets to gin-up bad reviews. It became a bestseller.

Mr. Wise also contributed intelligence-themed articles for Vanity Fair, The New York Times Magazine, Esquire, The New Republic, various men's magazines, and Smithsonian. He was also an intelligence and national security commentator on CNN for six years. He wrote 15 books. Wise spent the last year finishing "The Seven Million Dollar Spy," a nonfiction account of the FBI's payment of $7 million to a Russian agent who enabled the bureau to identify Mr. Hanssen as a mole. It is to be released this month as an audiobook by Audible.
He is survived by his wife, Joan Sylvester Wise, a son, and other family. [Read more:  Schudel/WashingtonPost/10October2018]

Section V - Events


Saturday, 20 October 2018, 10am - 3pm - Dedham, MA - AFIO New England hosts Membership Business Meeting, Speaker, and Discussions

The AFIONE meeting schedule is as follows: Registration & Gathering, 1000 – 1030; Membership meeting 1030 – 1045; Morning Discussion Session 1045 to 1200; Luncheon at 1200 - 1300. The Morning session will be open discussion. Our afternoon speaker will be from 1300 – 1430 with adjournment by 1500. The Morning session will cover various business-related items, general discussion regarding recent events of interest to the membership and a presentation by one of our members.

The afternoon speaker is Stephen F. Knott a professor of national security affairs at the United States Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. Prior to accepting his position at the War College, Knott co-chaired the Presidential Oral History Program at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. His books include Secret and Sanctioned: Covert Operations and the American Presidency; and Washington and Hamilton: The Alliance That Forged America. He has written numerous essays on the use of covert operations and intelligence gathering by early American presidents, and on the topic of congressional oversight of the intelligence community. Stephen will present "As American as Apple Pie: Clandestine Operations and the American Experience"

LOCATION: The AFIONE chapter meeting will be held at the MIT Endicott House in Dedham Mass. The web site is: Address is: 80 Haven Street, Dedham, MA 02026. Should you elect to stay at the Endicott House, Mike Assad has arranged a room rate of $140.00. Please mention AFIO/NE and Mike Assad when you make your reservation.

For additional information contact us at

Reservations are $25.00 per person. Emails regarding your plans to attend will be accepted if you are late meeting the deadline. These must be sent to Sarah Moore no later than 7 days prior to the event. ********Luncheon reservations must be made by 17 October 2017. ************** Paid in advance the cost of the luncheon is $25 per person. Emails regarding your plans to attend will be accepted if you are late meeting the deadline. These must be sent to Mr. Arthur Harvey at no later than 7 days prior to the event. Reservation deadline is 17 October 2018.
Mail name of attendee and any guests to: AFIO/NE, Sarah Moore, PO Box 1203, Orange, CT 06477.

Saturday, 20 October 2018, 2 p.m. - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine hears from Ana Rosa Quintana on "The Crisis in Venezuela and President Maduro's Rise to Power."

The crisis in Venezuela and its impact on US policy will be examined by a Heritage Foundation Latin America expert at this open AFIO/public discussion.
Ana Rosa Quintana, the foundation's leading expert on Latin America, has authored numerous policy studies of Cuba, Venezuela, and Central America. In addition to writing policy papers, Quintana's articles have appeared in Real Clear World, The National Interest, and The Federalist, among others. Prior to joining Heritage, she held positions at the Defense Intelligence Agency and at the U.S. Agency for International Development, where she worked on civilian-military cooperation.
She will discuss Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro's rise to power, whch critics say has turned Venezuela into a failing dictatorship, and why U.S. leadership and regional cooperation is needed to reverse Venezuela's imminent collapse.

The AFIO meeting is open to the public, and begins at 2 p.m. at the Program Center of the Brick Store Museum, 4 Dane St., Kennebunk. A question period will follow the presentation.

Friday, 2 November 2018, 10 am - 2 pm - Tysons, VA - AFIO National Winter Luncheon features Ambassador Prudence Bushnell and authors Gus Russo and Eric Dezenhall

First notice AFIO's Fall Luncheon Friday, 2 November 2018. Ambassador Prudence Bushnell, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, U.S. Ambassador to Kenya and Guatemala, and Dean of the Leadership and Management School at the Foreign Service Institute, will discuss Terrorism, Betrayal, and Resilience ― My Story of the 1998 U.S. Embassy Bombings

Authors Gus Russo and Eric Dezenhall will discuss Best of Enemies: The Last Great Spy Story of the Cold War Of this book, being released at the event, early reviewers have said: "... crucial for anyone who wants to understand espionage or the Cold War."― James Grady, author of Six Days of the Condor
"If John le Carré wrote nonfiction and was a great reporter, BEST OF ENEMIES would be the result."―Laurence Leamer, author
"... how an American CIA agent and a Russian KGB agent wound up on the same side. You have to read it to believe it."―Tom Brokaw
Former KGB Officer Gennady Vasilenko, and Michelle "Mox" Platt, daughter of the late CIA Operations Officer Jack Platt, will be in attendance.

Badge pick-up starts at 10 a.m. First speaker is Ambassador Bushnell, at 11 a.m. Gus Russo and Eric Dezenhall speak at 1 p.m.

Register here to ensure a seat. Event Location: DoubleTree-Hilton, Tysons Corner, VA [formerly the Crowne Plaza], at 1960 Chain Bridge Rd, McLean, VA 22102. Directions are here.

Saturday 3 November 2018, 11 am - 3 pm - Orange Park, FL - AFIO North Florida Chapter hosts Ronald Joseph MD on "Navy Seal: Charles Keating IV"

This North Florida Chapter luncheon features guest speaker: Ronald Joseph, MD, an orthopedic surgeon and renowned Olympic athlete, will discuss "Navy Seals; in particular, his Stepson Charles Keating IV."
When a team of less than a dozen U.S. military advisers came under attack in Iraq from more than 100 ISIS fighters, Navy SEAL Charles Keating IV was part of the force sent in to rescue them. All the advisers made it back. Keating, a decorated combat veteran and star athlete who decided to enlist after the 9/11 attacks, did not. Keating "was struck by direct fire, and although he was medevaced within the all-important golden hour, his wounds were too great. No other coalition or American forces were injured, though both medevac helicopters were damaged by small arms fire."
Dr. Joseph's wife, Krista Keating-Joseph, is the mother of Charles Keating IV, the Navy Seal who died in combat. She will have her books about her son available to purchase and be individually inscribed to you or for others.
This event is just 8 days from the 100th anniversary of the end of the Great War (WWI) and the beginning of Veterans' Day events. Please feel free to invite Navy Seals you know. This is going to be quite patriotic.
Place: Orange Park Country Club, 2525 Country Club Blvd, Orange Park, FL 32073. Directions here.
RSVP to Ken Meyer here
Cost: $30 per person
After your RSVP has been received and acknowledged, pay by check to be received no later than Friday, 19 October. Make check payable to Ken Meyer who will then pay club directly. Payment must be received no later than 7 days prior to event by OPCC. Late RSVPs cannot be accepted. You will receive Mr. Meyer's mailing address for sending your check after your have emailed him your RSVP ( here ) and he has verified your registration.

Saturday, 17 November 2018, 2 p.m. - Kennebunk, ME - AFIO Maine Chapter hears from David Shedd, former Acting Dir, DIA, on "Intelligence Challenges in a Volatile World"

David Shedd, former acting Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, and former CIA Officer, discusses "Intelligence Challenges in a Volatile World." Details to follow.

The AFIO meeting is open to the public, and begins at 2 p.m. at the Program Center of the Brick Store Museum, 4 Dane St., Kennebunk. A question period will follow the presentation.

Monday, 3 December 2018, 5:30 - 8 pm - New York, NY - AFIO NY Metro Chapter hosts former CIA Operations Officer, David Hunt

David Hunt, a former CIA Operations Officer, will be making an important presentation on Russian Intelligence Operations.

Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Timing: Registration starts at 5:30 pm, Speaker presentation starts at 6 pm. Fee: $50/person. Payment at the door only. Cash or check. Full dinner, cash bar.
RSVP: Strongly recommended that you RSVP to ensure space at event. Call or Email Chapter President Jerry Goodwin at or 646-717-3776.

Other Upcoming Events from Advertisers, Corporate Sponsors, and Others

17 October 2018 - Laurel, MD - NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium - "Crack the Sky, Shake the Earth."

"CRACK THE SKY, SHAKE THE EARTH" ― This was the message to North Vietnamese forces that they were "about to inaugurate the greatest battle in the history of our country." Will provide accounts of surprise attacks on U.S. and ARVN forces during Vietnam War.

At this year's NCMF General Membership Meeting & Annual Symposium, the featured panel discussions and other program-related presentations will be focused on the 50th Anniversary of the Tet Offensive. Learn more about the panel discussions below. The annual meeting will include updates about the Foundation, Museum, and New Museum Project. Dr. Thomas R. Johnson, former NSA and CIA historian and author of the book American Cryptology During the Cold War 1945-1989: The Complete Declassified Official Four-Volume History of the NSA will lead off the morning session with a remarkable inside look at his six-year challenge as an NSA historian to write this authoritative work on the success and failures of the NSA cryptology effort during the Cold War era. His work is written with candor and sometimes wry humor that is a refreshing departure from traditional U.S. government histories. Three volumes were declassified and released to the public by NSA beginning in 2014 in accordance with the Freedom of Information Act. Following the release of the fourth volume, the unauthorized publication of the redacted history was offered for sale in March 2017 as an illustrated, well-organized paperback with redactions moved to the margins for a fast-paced, fascinating read. Dr. Johnson is a seasoned speaker and you won't want to miss his entertaining presentation. A limited supply of the book will be available for purchase at the event.

NSA Panel: Center for Cryptologic History Seminar on the Tet Offensive: During the afternoon session, a distinguished panel of NSA historians and former NSA field personnel who were assigned to the NSA Watch Center in Saigon at the time of the 1968 Tet Offensive will give their firsthand accounts of the series of coordinated surprise attacks on U.S. and ARVN forces that is now considered by many to be the turning point of the Vietnam War. Panelists: Dr. David Hatch, Mr. Greg Nedved, Mr. Thomas Fogarty, Mr. Jack Barrett, and Mr. Cassian (Cash) O'Rourke.

CIA Panel: A Fifty-Year Perspective: During the morning session, a distinguished panel of CIA historians will provide their perspective on the CIA and the wars in Southeast Asia. Also, CIA Chief Historian Dr. David Robarge will provide a comparison between the Vietnam War and today's war in Afghanistan. Panelists: Dr. David Robarge, Mr. Gary Keeley, Mr. Randy Burkett, and Dr. Clayton Laurie

Film Clip: Panel discussions will be preceded by a 1968 film clip featuring Walter Cronkite and his proclamation to the American public that the Vietnam War was "unwinnable." This statement and his trip to Vietnam in February 1968 are viewed by many to have begun the erosion of public support for the U.S. war effort in Vietnam.

More information on symposium and updates.

Location: JHU/AP Kossiakoff Center, 11100 John Hopkins Rd, Laurel, MD 20723-6099
Fee: $25 members; $50 Guests. Guest fee includes 1 yr NCMF membership). Fees include breakfast (8:15 a.m. - 9:00 a.m.) and lunch (Noon - 1:00 p.m.).Registration Deadline is 12 October, 2018
Register: Online registration.
If paying by check or credit card mail send to: NCMF, PO Box 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755

Directions: Kossiakoff Center location here. Parking for the Kossiakoff Center is here. More information on JHUAP.

26 October 2018 - Arlington, VA - NIP 2018 Annual General Membership/Board Meeting and Fall Luncheon

Registration is now open for the 2018 NIP [Naval Intelligence Professionals] Fall Luncheon being held at the stately Army Navy Country Club in Arlington, VA.
The honored guest speaker will be VADM Matt Kohler, Deputy Chief of Naval Operations for Information Warfare and the 67th Director of Naval Intelligence.

Agenda: 1000 - NIP Annual General Membership and Board of Directors Meeting; 1100-1200 - No-Host Social; 1200 -1300- Luncheon; 1230-1300 - VADM Matt Kohler - Guest Speaker.

Location: Army Navy Country Club (ANCC), Arlington, VA which is near Suitland and minutes from the Pentagon. The club has spectacular views of the Capitol and abundant free valet parking.

Registration: Registration is via an online system for payments by credit card. To register do so here.
To register by check or via mail, send check to: NIP, PO Box 11579, Burke, VA 22009 to arrive no later than 19 Oct. Remember to include your menu entree selection - Salmon or Chicken or Vegetarian.
No Walk-ups allowed. All reservations are due by COB 19 October 2018. Nonmembers of NIP are welcome to attend.

Tuesday, 6 November 2018 3 - 4 pm - Washington, DC - "The Post-Caliphate Islamic State: Reflections on Counterterrorism During the First Year of the Trump Administration" by Christopher Costa, Exec Dir International Spy Museum speaking at the Daniel Morgan Graduate School of National Security

Christopher P. Costa, Colonel, US Army (Retired), Executive Director, The International Spy Museum, addresses the Daniel Morgan Graduate School of National Security on "The Post-Caliphate Islamic State: Reflections on Counterterrorism During the First Year of the Trump Administration."

Colonel Costa will set the scene for how the terrorist threat has manifested over the past year or more, the demise of the physical caliphate - the complexities of the fight in the milieu that is Syria - and what the threat might look like in the future. He will consider the terrorist threat from the Maghreb to the Philippines and will discuss what a successful counterterrorism strategy would look like, what are the greatest concerns going forward, such as foreign terrorist fighters, the threat and vulnerabilities to civil aviation and mass transit.

Where: Daniel Morgan Graduate School of National Security, 1620 L St NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20036
Direct questions to Frank Fletcher, Director of Lectures & Seminars by email to, Please note that you must RSVP to attend this event.
Daniel Morgan Graduate School Reserves The Right To Refuse Entry
Appropriate Attire Is Business or Business Casual
RSVP here.

16 November 2018, 8am - 5pm - Washington, DC - "CARVERCON2018: Target Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment" hosted by Security Management International

This one-day event will cover a range of topics related to protecting critical infrastructure and key resources, utilizing the world-famous CARVER Target Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment Methodology as a foundation for discussion. The latest innovations in assessment technology, recent case studies, and best practices for identifying and minimizing security threats will all be addressed. Featured speakers include retired CIA officer and the "Godfather of CARVER," Leo Labaj, Dr. Jenni Hesterman, Major General Edward Leacock, Chuck Brooks, plus many more. This is literally a first of its kind. An amazing opportunity to learn from and network with security professionals – from both the public and private sectors – who specialize in the CARVER methodology and are responsible for protecting their organization's valuable assets from would-be aggressors.

CARVER is a nationally recognized target analysis and vulnerability assessment methodology used extensively by the military, intelligence and law enforcement community. While numerous other vulnerability assessments have emerged and gone by the wayside, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security officially recognized CARVER as the preferred methodology for securing critical infrastructure. The CARVER methodology is both a defensive and offensive tool: it can assess and analyze risk based on a wide variety of threats and adversaries, as well analyze potential enemy targets to ensure maximum impact.

CARVER allows complex data to be synthesized into usable information by integrating the analysis and examination of assets, threats, vulnerabilities, and countermeasures surrounding a specific facility. Its applications are numerous, from physical security and counter-intelligence, to cyber security. It plays an essential role in the protection of critical infrastructure and safety by determining the likelihood of an adversary successfully exploiting a system or an asset's vulnerabilities. It is a time-tested vulnerability assessment methodology that balances efficiency with reliability. What separates the CARVER method from other methodologies is the fact that it offers both a qualitative and quantitative analysis of its findings. This is particularly useful to the security practitioner to help clarify thinking, assist with decision-making, and to provide reasoning for budgets and resource allocations.

Speakers: Luke Bencie, Leo Labaj, Jerry Savnik, Chuck Brooks, Dr. Jenni Hesterman, Maj Gen Edward Leacock USA, and James Maxwell.

Location: The event will be at the Washington Marriott Metro Center with a continental breakfast, lunch, and light fare in the afternoon.

Event includes: Book Launch & Signing of Leo Labaj's and Luke Bencie's new book: The CARVER Target Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment Methodology: A Practical Guide for Evaluating Security Vulnerabilities.

Full details and registration here.

Wednesday, 28 November 2018, 6 - 10:30 pm - Washington, DC - International Spy Museum's Annual "William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner" honoring Adm McRaven

For your calendar. A special evening to illuminate the critical role of individuals and organizations serving the Intelligence Community, and to raise funds in support of the International Spy Museum.

The William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner will take place at The Ritz Carlton Hotel. More than 600 attendees are anticipated and will recognize the men and women who have served in the field of National Security with integrity and distinction. This annual tribute dinner is given by the International Spy Museum to an individual who has embodied the values of Judge William H. Webster. This year's honoree is a patriot for whom love of country has been his guiding principle: Admiral William H. McRaven, former US Special Operations Commander, former Joint Special Operations Commander, and Chancellor of The University of Texas System.
Schedule: 6 pm - VIP Reception; 6:30 pm - Cocktail Reception; 7:30 - 9 pm - Dinner & Awards; 9 - 10:30 pm - Dessert Reception.
Location: The Ritz-Carlton Hotel, 1150 22nd St NW, Washington, DC 20037. **Please note: this event is closed to Media**
Tickets Available Now: Prices range from $100,000 to a single seat for $495. Funds raised at this tribute dinner will support artifact preservation, educational programming, research, exhibits, and accessibility programs for underserved communities at the International Spy Museum. To purchase tickets now, do so here. To learn more about this annual dinner, it is available here.

Wednesday, 5 December 2018 - Annapolis Junction, MD - 18th Annual NCMF Pearl Harbor Program

Join the National Cryptologic Foundation on 5 December for their 18th Annual Pearl Harbor Memorial Program. Speaker and topic TBA.
When: 10-11:30 am, followed by lunch.
Cost: $25 for NCMF members, $50 for guests (complimentary one-year NCMF membership included with guest purchase).
Where: CACI Inc., Maryland Conference Center, 2720 Technology Drive, Annapolis Junction, MD 20755
RSVP or More Info: Registration links will be provided later in year. A check may be mailed to NCMF, PO Box 1682, Ft. Meade, MD 20755. For further details, call NCMF office at 301-688-5436

Gift Suggestions:

AFIO's Guide to the Study of IntelligenceAFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson, Editor, also makes a good gift. View authors and table of contents here.

Perfect for professors, students, those considering careers in intelligence, and current/former officers seeking to see what changes are taking place across a wide spectrum of intelligence disciplines.

AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.

For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
To order for shipment to a US-based CONUS address, use this online form,

To order multiple copies or for purchases going to AK, HI, other US territories, or other countries call our office at 703-790-0320 or send email to to hear of shipment fees.

Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.


The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.

MousepadAFIO's 2017 Intelligence Community Mousepads are a great looking addition to your desk...or as a gift for others.
Made in USA. Click image for larger view.

These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order MOUSEPADS here.

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