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Books of the Week
The dean of terrorism studies examines trends in Islamist and alt-right acts of political violence. Laqueur and Wall, a counterterrorism instructor for the Navy, connect terrorism's current Islamist incarnations with secular, socialist forebears that plagued Russia and Europe in centuries past. A brief historical overview leads to probing ruminations on the factors that draw young men toward violence in service of ideology: "all manifestations of terrorism are connected with the rise of democracy and nationalism." Though ISIS has surpassed al-Qaeda in recent years, the authors contend that the latter remains more dangerous as it has consolidated resources and broadened networks while lulling the world into the false belief it is moribund. The authors highlight how, in the US where far-right violence is more common than Islamist violence, terrorism retains the ability to spark overreactions and abandonment of liberal values less often seen in Europe; for example, following the Boston Marathon bombing, constitutional protections were suspended and the entire state of Massachusetts put on lockdown, though the death toll was small compared to that of the attacks in Paris two years later.
During WWII, Pavlichenko was the Soviet Union's top female sniper, with 309 recorded kills (accomplished in less than a year). In 1942, she was sent on a tour of the U.S. and Britain, lending her famous face and story to the effort to cement the Allied friendship. Largely unknown to Western audiences, Pavlichenko's translated memoir provides a look at the war that is wholly original and quite startling in its frankness and unique perspective. Postwar, she became a historian and drew on archival research to supplement her wartime diary when she decided decades later to write about her training, combat experiences, and how she met her husband. The couple served together in the Ukrainian woods, and he died there, in her arms, breaking her heart forever. Lady Death reads like a novel, and it is a rare war story by a patriot whose determination to fight for her country is inspiring and should firmly put to rest any doubts about women in combat. There is no question that this is a significant historical document, but it is also a gripping narrative (which includes her memories of travel in the U.S.) that devotees of history, especially WWII, should absolutely not miss. —Booklist
Perfect for holiday and summer reading...
From veteran CIA officer Jason Matthews comes the modern spy thriller Red Sparrow.
1. Red Sparrow: A Novel (The Red Sparrow Trilogy Book 1) (Jun 4, 2013) Now a major motion picture starring Jennifer Lawrence and Joel Edgerton.
Danish National Intelligence Agency Struggling to Find Recruits. At a time when terrorism is considered a serious problem, the Danish national intelligence agency PET is having major problems finding recruits for its elite anti-terrorism group, the Aktionsstyrken (AKS) special intervention unit.
Claus Oxfeldt, the head of the Politiforbundet police association, believes the problems are due to the extremely high demands of the force.
"It is not something you can train for in a short period of time," Oxfeldt told DR Nyheder. "There is an urgent need to find people for AKS and we have had trouble finding people who are physically able to join the force."
Oxfeldt does not think the requirements should be lowered. [Read More: Ray W/cphpost/18May2018]
U.S. Identifies Suspect in Major Leak of CIA Hacking Tools. The U.S. government has identified a suspect in the leak last year of a large portion of the CIA's computer hacking arsenal, the cyber-tools the agency had used to conduct espionage operations overseas, according to interviews and public documents.
But despite months of investigation, prosecutors have been unable to bring charges against the man, who is a former CIA employee being held in a Manhattan jail on unrelated charges.
Joshua Adam Schulte, who worked for a CIA group that designs computer code to spy on foreign adversaries, is believed to have provided the agency's top-secret information to WikiLeaks, federal prosecutors acknowledged in a hearing in January. The anti-secrecy group published the code under the label "Vault 7" in March 2017.
It was one of the most significant leaks in the CIA's history, exposing secret cyberweapons and spying techniques that might be used against the United States, according to current and former intelligence officials. Some argued that the Vault 7 disclosures could cause more damage to American intelligence efforts than those by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden. He revealed extraordinary details about the capabilities of the United States to spy on computers and phones around the world, but the Vault 7 leaks showed how such spying is actually done, the current and former officials argued. [Read More: Harris/chicagotribune/15May2018]
Interior Minister Seeks Sacking of Intelligence Service Chief. Czech Interior Minister Lubomir Metnar proposed that the civilian intelligence service (UZSI) chief Jiri Sasek be taken off duty and the government met his request on Wednesday, the Respekt and iDnes servers reported on Wednesday.
The dismissal of Sasek, who has headed the Office for Foreign Relations and Information (UZSI) since July 2014, is connected with the investigation into the service's financial management.
"We have launched the proceedings on the dismissal of the civilian intelligence service chief. It will take legal effect on Thursday," Metnar told the iDnes.cz server.
The chairman of the Chamber of Deputies commission supervising the UZSI, Pavel Blazek (Civic Democrats, ODS), has been informed about the step, iDnes said. [Read More: praguemonitor/17May2018]
Intelligence Warns of Assassination Attempt Against Turkey's Erdogan. The Turkish diaspora and Western intelligence have warned of an assassination attempt by Turkish citizens against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan during his upcoming visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina, state-run Anadolu Agency reported Saturday.
The information provided by Turkish nationals in Macedonia didn't give any details on the assassination attempt, including the date and location, according to Turkish intelligence sources.
Meanwhile, Western intelligence agencies also informed Turkish intelligence units on the death threat against Erdogan.
An in-depth investigation is underway by Turkish intelligence units. [Read More: xinhaunet/19May2018]
MPs' Expanded Oversight of Spy Agencies Under Cloud. The Turnbull government's pledges to strengthen oversight of Australia's spy agencies have been thrown into question by a top bureaucrat's admission he was wrong to assure Parliament that a committee of MPs would be given more power to scrutinise the agencies.
Nearly a year after the release of an extensive review of the intelligence community by former top officials Michael L'Estrange and Stephen Merchant, the government has still not said whether it will adopt the review's recommendations to expand the role of one of the key oversight bodies - a cross-party committee of lawmakers.
The expansion would mean MPs have a greater say in probing the operations of intelligence agencies such as ASIO and ASIS, not just the legislation covering them and the funding they receive.
In October, Allan McKinnon, the deputy secretary for national security in Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull's department, told a Senate estimates hearing that all the recommendations of the 2017 Independent Intelligence Review were being implemented with only a couple of slight changes. [Read More: Wroe/smh/19May2018]
IWTC Virginia Beach Sailors Recognized as Top Intelligence Professionals. Two intelligence specialists from Information Warfare Training Command (IWTC) Virginia Beach were among those recently selected for the 2018 Naval Intelligence Community Awards, as announced in NAVADMIN 124/18.
IWTC Virginia Beach's selectees include Intelligence Specialist 2nd Class Nijah Lee and Intelligence Specialist 1st Class William Buller. Lee and Buller were among 18 service members and civilians selected from the naval intelligence community to be recognized for their outstanding leadership and performance of duties.
Lee received the Cmdr. Dan F. Shanower Intelligence Specialist of the Year Award, which recognizes intelligence specialists for their performance, leadership, special accomplishments, and overall contribution to command efficiency, morale, and welfare.
"It is an honor to be acknowledged for such an important award," said Lee. "This would not be possible without my peers and leadership, their teamwork and contribution is one of the main reasons I am receiving this. I want to continue to motivate not only my peers but the students as well to exceed their goals, anything is possible if you work hard and strive to not only better yourself but to help others." [Read More: dvidshub/21May2018]
Austria's Tilt Toward Russia Worries Intelligence Experts. In a 19th-century kaffeehaus here, a handful of political activists nod their heads while sharing opinions many would consider racist, homophobic and awash with conspiracy theories.
One topic is never far from their lips: These men believe that historically neutral Austria should turn its back on the West and embrace Russian President Vladimir Putin.
"It's our aim to somehow counter this negative image of Russia propagated in Western media," Alexander Markovics, 26, says between sips of fizzy apple juice.
"We have to take the side of Russia," the stocky and bearded Markovics adds. "Russia is a country that gets oppressed and is actually the victim of Western imperialism." [Read More: Smith, Eckardt/nbcnews/22May2018]
Honors, Happenings, Comings & Goings - May 2018. Mariko Kawaguchi, who as an employee of Highcom Security Services provided security for more than a decade at Bay Area synagogues and JCCs, as well as events sponsored by the S.F.-based Israeli consulate, has received an award from FBI Director Christopher Wray. Kawaguchi converted to Judaism last year at Congregation Emanu-El in San Francisco, where she worked for several years as a security officer. The award was for her work with the FBI Citizens Academy Alumni Association and Association of Former Intelligence Officers - she serves on the board of both - as well as for counter-terrorism work she has done with companies. [Read More: jweekly/18May2018]
The Untold Story of Japan's Secret Spy Agency. Every week in Tokyo's Ichigaya district, about three miles northeast of the bright neon lights and swarming crowds in the heart of Shibuya, a driver quietly parks a black sedan-style car outside a gray office building. Before setting off on a short, 10-minute drive south, he picks up a passenger who is carrying an important package: top-secret intelligence reports, destined for the desks of the prime minister's closest advisers.
Known only as "C1," the office building is located inside a high-security compound that houses Japan's Ministry of Defense. But it is not an ordinary military facility - it is a secret spy agency headquarters for the Directorate for Signals Intelligence, Japan's version of the National Security Agency.
The directorate has a history that dates back to the 1950s; its role is to eavesdrop on communications. But its operations remain so highly classified that the Japanese government has disclosed little about its work - even the location of its headquarters. Most Japanese officials, except for a select few of the prime minister's inner circle, are kept in the dark about the directorate's activities, which are regulated by a limited legal framework and not subject to any independent oversight.
Now, a new investigation by the Japanese broadcaster NHK - produced in collaboration with The Intercept - reveals, for the first time, details about the inner workings of Japan's opaque spy community. Based on classified documents and interviews with current and former officials familiar with the agency's intelligence work, the investigation shines light on a previously undisclosed internet surveillance program and a spy hub in the south of Japan that is used to monitor phone calls and emails passing across communications satellites. [Read More: Gallagher/theintercept/19May2018]
The CIA Made a Magic: The Gathering-Style Card Game for Training Agents, and We Played It. Last year during SXSW, the CIA revealed it designs elaborate tabletop games to train and test its employees and analysts. After receiving a Freedom of Information Act request, the CIA sent out censored information on three different games it uses with trainees - and thanks to Diegetic Games, an adapted version of one of them will soon be available to the public.
CIA: Collect it All is based off a card game described in the documents as "Collection Deck," which was designed by CIA Senior Collection Analyst David Clopper. Its play style is roughly based on Magic: The Gathering, and demonstrates how different intelligence tactics can be used to address political, economic, and military crises - and how the system often manages to screw it all up. If you want a copy of your own, there's a funded Kickstarter campaign for it that ends on Tuesday that charges $29 for a set of physical cards or $10 for a print-and-play version.
Developed by Techdirt and Diegetic Games, CIA: Collect It All fills in the redacted portions of the game documentation with original content. While the developers plan to tweak the game and add new rulesets before release, they showed The Verge an exclusive printable prototype of the changes they've made since the showing at SXSW. After playing the game with friends, I found it to be a fascinating look at a way the CIA trains its agents, even though it sometimes fell short of the pure entertainment value other rapid-fire card games can offer.
The game revolves around addressing ripped-from-the-headlines political issues, especially in countries and territories that have fraught relationships with America, like Iran, North Korea, China, and Russia. Playing as a CIA analyst, you might face an Al-Shabaab attack in Kenya. Other times you might have to figure out how to deal with a Russian cryptocurrency program or India launching a missile project. There are 10 crises on the table at a time, and you and the other players have to choose which one you'd like to address first. Each crisis can take one to three intelligence technique cards to solve, and you earn the number of points listed when you successfully avert a crisis. The first person to win 10 points ends the game. [Read More: Liao/theverge/21May2018]
A Visual Guide to Ecuador's Julian Assange Spy Operation. The Ecuadorian government has carried out a multimillion-dollar surveillance operation designed to protect and support Julian Assange during his six years of political asylum in the country's embassy in London, according to documents seen by the Guardian.
In 2012, Ecuador's intelligence agency hired an international security company to establish the programme for a monthly cost of $55,000 (£40,000), which was paid from a "special expenses" budget.
The documents describe how the company's secret agents slept 100 metres (330ft) away from the embassy in a modest basement flat costing £2,800 a month, in one of the most expensive parts of London.
From a control room inside the Ecuadorian embassy, the security team oversaw Assange's contacts. [Read More: Harding, Collyns, Kommenda, Holder, Levett/theguardian/16May2018]
Commentary: I was chief of disguise at CIA. ‘The Americans' gets a lot right. After 27 years in the CIA working on operational assignments around the world, I am somewhat numbed to the fictional espionage that engulfs us - the books and movies and TV shows that always get it wrong. That's why I have largely shunned the genre, barely noting the reviews of the latest creations that celebrate the life of an intelligence officer. "Homeland"? No. The Bourne movies? No. "Alias"? God, no! It's the main reason I work as an adviser and speaker at the International Spy Museum in Washington, D.C.: to present an informed but still entertaining picture of the work of a spy.
But then came "The Americans," the FX TV series set to finish its sixth and final season to near-unanimous critical acclaim. It proved to be the outlier in my perception - and I wasn't surprised when The Washington Post reported that Gina Haspel, the career CIA officer confirmed Thursday to direct the agency, is a fan of the show. I was late to "The Americans" and had some catching up to do initially. But from the first spectacular episode, I was hooked because the setup resonated. The show centered on a modern American family of spies with children and a suburban lifestyle. That had once been my life. But wait. These spies were not American at all. They were faux Americans - Russians, in fact - something I also knew a little about. There had once been Soviet sleeper agents posing as Americans. The structure of the FX show, predicated on the family dynamics that result when espionage is the parental career, allowed for a thoughtful exploration of the necessity to manage the daily deception that is part of the job of a spy (or, as we would call it at the CIA, an operations officer).
My husband, Tony, and I had 52 years between us working with the CIA in mostly foreign assignments. We had to convince nosy neighbors and casual acquaintances, as well as office mates, that we were what we purported to be - somewhat boring administrative workers. If we made it boring enough, it worked. Tony's children, however, would eventually notice that their dad was gone far more often than their friends' dads, and that he never talked about his job, that he was meeting strangers at home with great privacy. Then he would take them, one by one, to a very grown-up lunch and give them "the talk." He always told me that his kids handled the information more carefully than many adults do. But he also never tried to recruit them, as happens in "The Americans," to take on the life of a spy themselves.
While "The Americans" concerns itself with maintaining the charade of a false identity and masquerading as someone you are not, it pushes further, exploring the nature of love when you live with someone who lies for a living, and the moral dilemmas that can arise from those circumstances. [Read More: Mendez/chicagotribune/18May2018]
Crail Airfield. The place first operated as a Royal Navy and then an RAF airfield toward the end of World War I. It then reopened in World War II as a naval air station primarily operating Swordfish torpedo biplanes. During the cold war, the station later became the site of the Joint Services School for Linguists. It's here when the story really gets interesting.
During this time, the United Kingdom still had conscription (the draft). Selected army, navy, and air force conscripts were provided with intensive training at the Joint Services School for Linguists. This assignment was popular among the young enlisted men, as it was far more comfortable (and safe) than frontline service.
The school trained linguists mainly in Russian, but also taught Polish, Czech, and Mandarin. There are reports the site also taught interrogation techniques. The Soviets became interested in the school because they (correctly) believed many of the linguists would be employed to listen in on Warsaw Pact communications. Apparently, they also believed (claimed not to be correct) that the school was used to teach languages to officers in the Secret Intelligence Service. Famous British traitor Guy Burgess is reported to have been asked by his handlers to look into the clandestine organization.
The Soviet interest is said to have led the MI5 (the British counter-intelligence service) to open a file on every person who received or provided language training at the school. Apparently, the M15's inquiry was justified, if somewhat ineffective, since Crail alumnus Geoffrey Prime was convicted of spying for the Soviets over many years in the early 1980s. [Read More: Newman/atlasobscura]
French Researchers: Hitler Really Did Die In The Bunker In 1945. A new forensic study of remains jealously guarded by Russian intelligence for seven decades has determined with certainty what historians have always assumed - with World War II irredeemably lost by Germany, Adolf Hitler did in fact kill himself at his Berlin bunker on April 30, 1945.
However, the history books have not satisfied everyone. Alternative notions have abounded in the tabloid press and even in some mainstream publications - most involving the Fuhrer's escape from Germany at the end of the war.
A team of French pathologists, publishing in the peer-reviewed European Journal of Internal Medicine, were recently allowed to study a set of teeth kept in Moscow since the end of the war.
The remains had been taken from the Fuhrerbunker by Soviet soldiers who uncovered the site where Hitler and his small entourage of loyalists spent their final days. It was there that SS soldiers set fire to the remains of Hitler and those of his longtime mistress-turned-wife, Eva Braun. [Read More: Neuman/apr/21May2018]
Who is Stefan A. Halper, the Paid FBI Source Who Assisted the Russia Investigation? Stefan A. Halper, the paid FBI source who assisted the Russia investigation and is at the center of a standoff between congressional Republicans and the Justice Department, is a well-connected veteran of past administrations who convened senior intelligence officials for seminars at the University of Cambridge in England. Halper was previously used to spy on the Carter administration.
In the summer and fall of 2016, Halper, then an emeritus professor at Cambridge, as assigned, contacted three Trump campaign advisers for brief talks and meetings that largely centered on foreign policy, The Washington Post reported last week.
At some point that year, he began working as a secret, paid informant, for the FBI as it investigated Russia's interference in the campaign, according to multiple people familiar with his activities.
The Post had previously confirmed Halper's identity but did not report his name following warnings from U.S. intelligence officials that exposing him could endanger him or his contacts. Now that he has been identified as the FBI's informant by multiple news organizations, including the Wall Street Journal, New York magazine and Axios, The Post has decided to publish his name. [Read More: Costa, Leonnig, Harris/washingtonpost/21May2018 also see Editorial Board/Wall Street Journal/22May 2018 in "When Carter Page Met Stefan Halper — A Timeline that contradicts claims by Justice and the FBI."]
Why Chinese Students Aren't a Threat. A major clash between China and the United States is inevitable. At least, that's what one would think from reading the Western press: China is investing heavily in cutting-edge technology, engaging in territorial expansion in the South China Sea, and including thinly veiled references to the United States in national strategic plans.
U.S. policy makers are also adopting an adversarial stance, as when the FBI director Christopher Wray commented before Congress that students from China studying in America could pose a national security risk. Indeed, given China's expressed goal of technological leadership, having scores of students come to the United States to study seems like an obvious part of its plan. But Wray's comment starts with an assumption that Chinese individuals are a monolithic force, moving in lockstep with the Chinese government.
That assumption, however, is misguided. And if we aren't careful, the United States will squander one of its strategic advantages: the good will it has with China's best and brightest.
First, it is important to note that it's really tough to figure out public opinion in China. Everyone in China knows that speech and the press, including "private" messages on social-media platforms, are closely monitored. No Chinese individuals are willing to speak to Western reporters the way they speak offline to their closest friends and family members. Even Chinese students in the States feel the pressure to be careful about what they say, if not directly from the watchful eye of Chinese embassies then from the memory of the University of Maryland student from China who praised the United States in her graduation speech. She was widely criticized on Chinese social media and felt the need to publicly issue an apology. [Read More: Crawford/chronicle/30Apr2018]
A Bombshell Breach of Security Issues. The admonition "do not brag" likely will not be found in any intelligence manual. But strictures on revealing "sources and methods," as well as common sense, dictate that certain matters are not discussed in public.
The obvious drawback to such disclosures - be they deliberate or accident - is that adversaries will take advantage of such information to avoid future losses.
Thus, considerable concern and dismay were heard in the intelligence community in early May about what can only be described as a bombshell breach of security procedures.
In an article distributed worldwide, the Reuters news agency reported that what were described as "four very senior members" of the Islamic State terrorist group were captured near the Turkish border by American and Iraqi intelligence officers. [Read More: Goulden/washingtontimes/16May2018]
'The Day that We Can't Protect Human Sources': The President and the House Intelligence Committee Burn an Informant. It wasn't that long ago that both the executive branch and the legislature in this country considered the protection of intelligence sources a matter of surpassing national importance.
During the 1970s, a renegade former CIA officer named Philip Agee went on a campaign of outing agency sources and covert operatives. Agee spent decades in exile, and an appalled Congress responded in 1982 by passing the Intelligence Identities Protection Act, which criminalized the knowing and intentional outing of U.S. covert operatives and intelligence sources whom the government is taking active steps to protect.
More recently, a lot of people, including one of the current authors, objected strenuously to the activities of Edward Snowden. Snowden didn't disclose the names of human sources - just programmatic intelligence information. Yet he has been camped out in Moscow since the leak, unable to return to the United States for fear of the prosecution that would surely await him. Similarly, Julian Assange does not leave the Ecuadorian embassy in London for fear of arrest over his own activities. While both men have their supporters, we have never considered their jeopardy an injustice.
But what happens when the intentional outing of U.S. intelligence assets is the province not of rogue insiders, not of foreign hackers or foreign agents, not of people who end up spending the rest of their lives as fugitives, but of senior officials in two branches of this country's government who are most responsible for protecting those assets? To wit, what happens when the Chairman of the House intelligence committee and the President of the United States team up to out an FBI informant over the strenuous objection of the bureau and the Department of Justice - and manage to get the job done? And what happens when they do so for frankly political reasons: to protect the president from a properly predicated counterintelligence investigation involving the activity of an adversary foreign power? [Read More: Jurecic, Wittes/lawfareblog/19May2018]
Online Full-Time Faculty - Intelligence - Assistant Professor for American Military University. • Reports to: Faculty Director • Department: Academics • School: Security and Global Studies • Program: Intelligence Studies • Location: Remote • FLSA Status: Exempt Synopsis of Role: Full-time faculty members are first and foremost teachers and play a key role within a school as course leads. They are united by the common goal of inspiring academic excellence in students with a broad range of interests and experiences. They are key to creating a rewarding online learning experience for students by engaging them, challenging them, and supporting them. They provide the resources for a quality learning experience for students by ensuring coherence in the discipline, rigor in the content, and relevance and currency to the practice. Full-time faculty members/course leads contribute to a range of activities that support student learning outcomes, program quality, and discipline integrity, all of which focus on student learning and retention. They work with other departments including instructional design, Library and course materials, and marketing.
Terence J. Daly, 80, a military intelligence officer and counterinsurgency specialist who served in Vietnam as a province-level adviser, died of Parkinson's disease 6 May 2018 in Foster City, CA. Terry graduated from the University of Notre Dame and studied British Commonwealth History at Duke Graduate School. He was a retired Army Lt. Col., and served in Vietnam. Terry received several medals of distinction for a 30-year career with the U.S. Government. He was joined by his family on assignments in Hong Kong, Bangkok, Tokyo, Canberra and Washington D.C. Terry was published in the New York Times, foreign policy journals and cited by several military strategists as a counterinsurgency expert. Terry is survived by his wife of 51 years, Anne; three daughters; a sister, and other family. . [Read More: San Francisco Chronicle/legacy/20May2018]
Edward Richard Duffy, 91, Senior CIA Security Officer, died 17 May 2018 in Falls Church, VA. Mr. Duffy served in the US Navy in WW II and was assigned to the Naval Air Station at Pensacola, FL until his honorable discharge. He then enrolled at the University of New Hampshire, graduating with a degree in Political Science. As an ROTC member of the graduating class of 1951, he was called to active duty and was assigned to Korea. He retired from the Air Force Reserve as a Lt. Colonel. From 1957 to 1985 her served as a Security Officer with CIA and was the recipient of an Exceptional Performance Award and was a member of the Senior Executive Service. With his wife, Yvette (who died in 2014), Ed spent 15 enjoyable years as volunteers at Wolf Trap Farm Park for the Performing Arts in Vienna, VA. A lifelong athlete, he was an avid golfer and tennis player through much of his life.
Richard Naradof Goodwin, 86, aide to JFK and LBJ, Critic of Vietnam War, died of cancer 20 May 2018 in Concord, MA. Goodwin graduated in 1953 from Tufts University in Medford, MA. After two years in the Army, he received a law degree from Harvard in 1958 where he was first in his class. Before he turned 30, he was a law clerk at the U.S. Supreme Court, a congressional investigator who helped uncover the television quiz-show scandals of the 1950s, a speechwriter for Kennedy, a White House official and a deputy undersecretary of state.
Art Hulnick, CIA Career Officer, BU Professor, AFIO Chapter Officer - Memorial Service Announced. The memorial service for Arthur S. Hulnick, 82, CIA Career Officer, BU Professor, AFIO Chapter Officer, Associate Professor Emeritus of International Relations at the Frederick S. Pardee School of Global Studies at Boston University, who died in Boston 18 April 2018, has been scheduled for Monday 11 June at 11 am at Marsh Chapel on the Boston University campus. All are welcome.
Bernard Lewis, 101, Princeton University Middle East historian, intelligence subject matter expert, and advisor to governments, died 19 May 2018 in Voorhees, NJ. Lewis, who foresaw a "clash of civilizations" between the West and the Middle East, also faced scorn from critics who considered his views elitist and favoring Western interventions which, as we have seen, have rarely turned out well. Bernard Lewis was born at the height of WWI, whose fallout would include a new map of the Middle East carved out of former Ottoman lands. As a youth he was fascinated with history and languages and had learned Hebrew, Latin, French, and Italian. In 1936 he received a bachelor's degree from the School of Oriental and African Studies, or SOAS, at the University of London, and a doctorate three years later. In between, he made his first trip to the Middle East, reaching Alexandria, Egypt, by boat. During WWII, Dr. Lewis was drafted into a tank unit. "I didn't stay there long," he said of the armored corps, "either because of my aptitude for languages or my ineptitude for tanks." He moved to intelligence units before being seconded to the Foreign Office. He roamed souks and back streets for British intelligence during WWII; had tea in Golda Meir's kitchen in honor of his ardent support of Israel; dined with Pope John Paul II; and was hosted in the Peacock Throne court of Iran's former shah. After the war, he was appointed to chair a new Middle East department at SOAS. Dr. Lewis soon left SOAS to accept a position at Princeton University. He became a US citizen in 1982. While in Istanbul in 1950, Dr. Lewis had a first big break: He was granted access as the first Westerner to view the Ottoman archives. "The Arabs in History" (1950) and "The Middle East and the West" (1964) were his first works and cemented his academic standing. His 1961 book, "The Emergence of Modern Turkey," is still hailed as a gold standard on the subject. Dr. Lewis's prolific scholarship — including more than 30 books, hundreds of articles and competence in at least a dozen languages — traced fault lines that define the modern Middle East, such as sectarian divisions, the rise of radical Islamists and entrenched dictatorships, some backed by the West. Along the way, Dr. Lewis often gained a privileged vantage point for events in the region during a life that spanned the era of T.E. Lawrence, oil discoveries in Arabia and showdowns against the Islamic State. Dr. Lewis also built a parallel reputation that spilled far beyond academia, bringing him to the attention of Washington power brokers and policy shapers after his move to Princeton University in 1974. He shared an ideological kinship with Cold War hawks and Israel supporters giving him favored status among top White House and Pentagon planners before the 2003 invasion of Iraq. At the same time, he became a target of detractors who ridiculed him as an embodiment of Western-centric arrogance and the West's attempts to remain the big brother of the Middle East. Dr. Lewis had no qualms about hard-edged policies toward the Middle East, once famously advising "get tough or get out," in what some have dubbed the Lewis Doctrine. "He provided intellectual scaffolding for the belief that something was very wrong with Arab societies" and crafted a style that combined a professor's gravitas, a pundit's wit, and a patrician's confidence. He warned that the Middle East may increasingly breed radicalism and anti-Western fervor. "Either we bring them freedom or they destroy us," he wrote in a 2010 book, "Faith and Power." A 1976 article in the magazine Commentary, "The Return of Islam," showed that he accurately predicted the expanding power of Islamist movements and militants. His marriage to Ruth Hélène Oppenhejm ended in divorce. He is survived by his romantic partner and co-author, Buntzie Churchill, of Princeton, NJ, two children from his marriage, and other family. [Read more: the Washington Post/19May2018]
Richard Pipes, 94, Harvard Scholar of Russian and Soviet History, Leader of "Team B" which shaped Reagan-era Soviet policy, died 17 May 2018 in Belmont, MA.
Ralph Simpson, Historian, discusses
"The History of the Enigma Machine." Ralph Simpson worked in the computer
industry for 32 years at IBM and Cisco Systems. He is now retired and
volunteers at a local history museum. Mr. Simpson is the author of a
cipher history book called Crypto Wars: 2000 Years of Cipher
Evolution and is an avid collector of cipher machines, which can be
seen on CipherHistory.com.
Mr. Simpson lives in San Jose in a restored Victorian house, which is also
home to his Cipher History Museum.
This special luncheon features three keynote speakers. They are: Richard W. Hoch, Deputy Director of CIA for Analysis, on "The Directorate of Analysis and the Future of Analysis" [Remarks are off the record. No recording, quoting, or media permitted] Bruce Riedel, CIA and Brookings, on "The Future of US-Saudi Relations," based on his book, Kings and Presidents: Saudi Arabia and the United States Since FDR. and R. Scott Decker, FBI, on Recounting the Anthrax Attacks: Terror, the Amerithrax Task Force, and the Evolution of Forensics in the FBI.
NOTE NEW TIMES: Badge pick-up at 9:15 to 10 a.m. First speaker, Scott Decker, at 10 a.m.; Bruce Riedel at 11 a.m. and DD/A Hoch at 1 p.m.
Registration opens Friday, 6 April. Link will appear at www.afio.com and in
next Weekly Notes
Elizabeth Peek is a writer and columnist for The Fiscal Times, an online bipartisan policy journal, covering politics, finance, and economics. In prior years she was the lead business columnist for the New York Sun, and contributing editor to the New York Post, the Huffington Post, The Motley Fool, the Wall Street Journal, and Women on the Web, as well as to numerous magazines. She is a frequent guest on Bloomberg TV shows, CBS, Fox, and CNBC.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Jen Easterly is currently a Managing Director of Morgan Stanley, having joined the firm after 26 years of U.S. government service in national security, military intelligence, and cyber operations. Previously, Jen served on the National Security Council as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Counterterrorism where she led the development of U.S. counterterrorism policy and strategy.
Location: Society of Illustrators, 128 E 63rd St (between Park and Lexington), New York, NY 10065.
Join other attendees for a conversation with Liza
Mundy, author of the national bestseller Code Girls: The
Untold Story of the American Women Code Breakers of WWII, an
irresistible and captivating story of the women behind the NSA
codebreaking. Ticket price includes a copy of the book and lunch.
Enjoy a martini "Shaikh'n Not Stirred" and a delicious three-course
dinner* with Mubin Shaikh as he shares his personal
journey from former extremist to undercover operative and global expert on
terrorism. Shaikh is one of the very few people in the world to have
actually been undercover in a homegrown terror cell. After coming out of
extremism himself, he decided to use his connections as a former jihadist
sympathizer and supporter to fight terrorism by working undercover for the
Canadian Security Intelligence Service and the Royal Canadian Mounted
Police's Integrated National Security Enforcement Team to infiltrate
extremist persons and groups. All his prior investigations remain
CLASSIFIED except for the "Toronto 18," his final one, a group that was
infiltrated and eventually prosecuted in open court, where Shaikh
testified in the Superior Court in 5 legal hearings over 4 years. Leaders
of the group planned for catastrophic terror attacks including placing
three truck bombs in Toronto that were the size of Oklahoma City's bomb,
storming the Parliament, and beheading the Canadian Prime Minister.
The 26th National Security Law Institute will take place June 3 through June 15, 2018. The National Security Law Institute provides advanced training for government officials and professors of law and political science who teach or are preparing to teach graduate-level courses in national security law or related subjects requiring a detailed understanding of National Security Law. Applications are also invited from government attorneys in the national security community who are actively engaged in the practice of national security law or otherwise have a professional need for such training. This annual intensive two-week course is held at the University of Virginia School of Law in Charlottesville, Virginia. Prominent scholars and current and former government experts will take part in lectures, panels, and debates to address both theoretical background and important contemporary issues of national security law.
Topics addressed include: Contemporary Theory Concerning the Origins of War and the "Democratic Peace"; Aggression & Self-Defense; The ISIL Threat; Cyber Threats; War and Treaty Powers under the Constitution; Intelligence and the Law; Domestic and Transnational Terrorism; Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Warfare Threats; Law of Armed Conflict; War Crimes and Their Prosecution; and Maritime Concerns/South China Sea.
Accommodations: Hyatt Place Charlottesville, 2100 Bond St (GPS use 1954 Swanson Dr), Charlottesville, VA. Approximately 25-30 participants are selected to attend each Institute. Participants are responsible for providing their own transportation to and from Charlottesville and paying a tuition fee of $1,950.00, which includes lodging, lunches, course materials, and any group dinners during the Institute. The deadline for applications for the 2018 Institute is May 11, 2018. For additional information please contact Bill Lacy regarding applications (email@example.com) or Mer McLernon (firstname.lastname@example.org) for logistics (lodging, meals, etc.). The Center has a small fund from which to provide scholarship assistance to a few applicants who might otherwise not be able to attend the program. More information here.
Join other guests at the Spy Museum for this private reception with General
Michael V. Hayden to celebrate the launch of his newest book:
The Assault on Intelligence: American National Security in an Age of Lies.
It is a "blistering critique of the forces threatening the American
intelligence community, in a time when that community's work has never
been harder or more important." A evening of cocktails and hors d'oeuvres,
followed by a fascinating conversation with former Director of the
National Security Agency and the Central Intelligence Agency, General
When he stepped down in January 2017 as the fourth United States director
of national intelligence, James Clapper had been
President Obama's senior intelligence adviser for six and a half years,
longer than his three predecessors combined. He led the US intelligence
community through a period that included the raid on Osama bin Laden, the
Benghazi attack, the leaks of Edward Snowden, and Russia's influence
operation during the 2016 US election campaign. Join Clapper as he
discusses his new book Facts and Fears, which offers a look
inside the US Intelligence Community, gives his assessment of some of the
most difficult challenges in our nation's history, and raises the big
moral and ethical questions facing the intelligence community today. Facts
and Fears will be available for sale and signing at the event.
The Defense Intel Alumni Association luncheon features Dr. Robert H Latiff, Major General USAF (retired) discussing The Future of War: Preparing for the New Global Battlefield.
The 2018 NCMF Summer Cryptologic Program will feature Dr. Janet Breslin-Smith with a presentation on American diplomatic and military strategy, and its clash with Saudi culture. Janet Breslin-Smith is president of Crosswinds International Consulting. She draws on a 30-year career in public service, including leadership roles in the US Senate, the National War College, and in Saudi Arabia, where she focused on higher education and outreach to women. She has written and lectured on strategy and culture, macroeconomics and Islam, women, Islam, and Saudi Arabia. Her article, "The Struggle to Erase Saudi Extremism," appeared in November 2015 in the New York Times. She is the co-author of The National War College: A History of Strategic Thinking in Peace and War. Breslin-Smith, a professor of national security strategy for 14 years at the National War College in Washington, D.C., was the first woman to chair that department. She was named Outstanding Professor at the College in 2006. Prior to her academic career, she was legislative director for Sen. Patrick J. Leahy and deputy staff director of the Senate Agriculture Committee. Breslin-Smith resided in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from 2009 through 2013, with her husband, Ambassador James Smith. She developed extensive contacts with Saudi women leaders in higher education, medicine, business, banking, and philanthropy. She lectured at Alfaisal University, the Diplomatic Studies Institute and CellA+ women's business networks. She consulted with Saudi women members newly appointed to the Shura Council. Breslin-Smith earned her PhD from the University of California at Los Angeles and her undergraduate degree in international relations from the University of Southern California.
Where: CACI, Inc., 2720 Technology Dr, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701. For further information and registration, visit this link. Registration at that link to be available shortly.
Kim Philby's name is almost synonymous with Soviet espionage. But Philby was not alone: Along with Donald Maclean, Guy Burgess, Anthony Blunt, and John Cairncross, he was one of five "Cambridge spies" who penetrated the heart of British intelligence at the height of the Cold War. Using recently declassified British, American, and Soviet intelligence records, Calder Walton, Ernest May Fellow in history and policy at Harvard's Kennedy School of Government, explores the lives and treachery of these British elites from Cambridge University recruited into Soviet intelligence in the 1930s. He examines why they betrayed their homeland for Russia, how close British intelligence came to catching them, reveals another hitherto-undisclosed Soviet spy recruited from Cambridge, and evidence for a similar Soviet espionage ring at Oxford. Walton assesses the damage the Cambridge spies did to the British secret state, and to Britain's closest intelligence ally, the United States. He also sees the story as more than ancient history, and discusses how the legacy of the Cambridge spies is still reflected in contemporary Russian intelligence operations.
Walton is the author Empire of Secrets: British intelligence, the Cold War and the Twilight of Empire [Overlook Pr, 2013].
For your calendar. A special evening to illuminate the critical role of individuals and organizations serving the Intelligence Community, and to raise funds in support of the International Spy Museum.
The William H. Webster Distinguished Service Award Dinner will take place
at The Ritz Carlton Hotel. More than 600 attendees are anticipated and
will recognize the men and women who have served in the field of National
Security with integrity and distinction. This annual tribute dinner is
given by the International Spy Museum to an individual who has embodied
the values of Judge William H. Webster. This year's
honoree is a patriot for whom love of country has been his guiding
principle: Admiral William H. McRaven, former US Special
Operations Commander, former Joint Special Operations Commander, and
Chancellor of The University of Texas System.
AFIO's 788-page Guide to the Study of
Intelligence. Peter C. Oleson,
Editor, also makes a good gift. View authors and table of contents here.
AFIO's Guide to the Study of Intelligence helps instructors teach about the large variety of subjects that make up the field of intelligence. This includes secondary school teachers of American History, Civics, or current events and undergraduate and graduate professors of History, Political Science, International Relations, Security Studies, and related topics, especially those with no or limited professional experience in the field. Even those who are former practitioners are likely to have only a limited knowledge of the very broad field of intelligence, as most spend their careers in one or two agencies at most and may have focused only on collection or analysis of intelligence or support to those activities.
For a printed, bound copy, it is $95 which
includes Fedex shipping to a CONUS (US-based) address.
Order the Guide from the AFIO's store at this link.
The Guide is also available directly from Amazon at this link.
These 2017 mousepads have full color seals of all 18 members of the US Intelligence Community on this 8" round, slick surface, nonskid, rubber-backed mouse pad with a darker navy background, brighter, updated seals. Also used, by some, as swanky coasters. Price still only $20.00 for 2 pads [includes shipping to US address. Foreign shipments - we will contact you with quote.] Order NEW MOUSEPADS here.
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