b'Central Intelligence Agency, and various components of the Department of Defense, but also through open sources, such as major news organizations, internet sites, and social media. Most information, in fact, is openly avail- able and unclassified. Many members of the IC also have important liaison relationships with other countries around the globe. Making sense of all this, especially in the internet and social media age, is the challenge. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Headquarters, Langley, Virginia.The National Security Agency (NSA) and the National Geospatial- Intelligence Agency (NGA) are devoted primarily to technical collection and analysis. The Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Defense Intelligence Agency and all of the military services have components charged with collecting and analyzing foreign intelligence, with respect to their unique missions, as do the Departments of Homeland Security, Treasury and Energy. Even all major business organizations with international operations collect and analyze information relating to product information, competitors, and the risks and profitability of doing business in various overseas areas. The CIAs Directorate of Operations (DO) has the primary responsibility within the USG for the collection of human intelligence overseas, although rarely as portrayed in popular novels and movies. The DO, however, is only a fraction of the IC. The Directorate of Analysis (DA) in CIA receives raw classified information collected by the DO and other IC components, as well as open-source information, and subjects it to critical analysis for finished products provided to policymakers. CIAs Directorate of Science and Technology (DS&T) supportsand exploresa variety of technical means of collecting intelligence. The Directorate of 8'